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Enlightenment: Thinkers & Despots. Key Thinkers. John Locke.

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Presentation Transcript
john locke
John Locke

“…Whenever the government takes away or destroys people’s property and rights, it puts itself against the people and the people are no longer required from following its laws. At this point, the people have a right to establish a new government to preserve order and protect their rights, which is the whole purpose of a government.”

Gives people right to rebellion

Abuse of power by government

Natural Rights

“All mankind... being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions.”

montesquieu
Montesquieu

What about our rights?!

“It’s good to be the king.”

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Catherine the Great of Russia

Frederick II of Prussia

Joseph II of Austria

  • Used ideas of Montesquieu in gov’t
  • Scientific farming methods
  • Built new schools & hospitals
  • Freedom of the press
  • Religious tolerance
  • Banned torture
  • Freedom of the press
  • Religious tolerance
  • Banned torture
  • No death penalty
  • Freed serfs