1 / 52

# Forming Impressions of Others: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Forming Impressions of Others:. A Classroom Demonstration. Introduction. This demonstration was created by Jackson (2000) and is based on an actual study by Hamilton and Gifford (1979). Instructions.

Related searches for Forming Impressions of Others:

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

## PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Forming Impressions of Others:' - lee

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

### Forming Impressions of Others:

A Classroom Demonstration

• This demonstration was created by Jackson (2000) and is based on an actual study by Hamilton and Gifford (1979).

• You will see a series of statements, each describing a person performing some type of behavior.

• Each person belongs to either Group A or Group B.

• After all statements have been presented, you will respond with your impressions.

Done! owner.

Group Ratings owner.

• Construct the table below on a scrap piece of paper.

Group Ratings owner.

• Use the scale below:

• 1: Strongly Disagree

• 7: Strongly Agree

• You should use intermediate values as well as these two extremes.

Group A (n = 26 members) owner.

18 positive statements

8 negative statements

9:4 ratio of positive to negative statements

Group B (n = 13 members)

9 positive statements

4 negative statements

9:4 ratio of positive to negative statements

Debriefing

Debriefing owner.

• The ratio of positive and negative events was exactly the same for Group A and Group B!

• Did we rate the Groups the way we should have?

• Are our ratings of the Groups exactly equal?

Illusory Correlation owner.

• This demonstration illustrates an Illusory Correlation – the perception of a relationship where none exists, or perception of a stronger relationship than actually exists. Another way to think of it – a false impression that two variables correlate.

Illusory Correlation owner.

• The joint occurrence of two distinctive events (minority member – Group B & distinctive event - negative behavior) probably attracted more attention and caused faulty impressions.

Illusory Correlation owner.

• Examples:

• It always rains on the week-end

• It always rains after you wash the car

• The phone always rings when you are in the shower

• Librarians are quiet

• Doctors are wealthy

Illusory Correlation owner.

• The Illusory correlation may be one reason individuals become prejudiced.

• Research has shown that White Americans overestimate the arrest rate of African Americans (Hamilton & Sherman, 1996).

• African Americans = minority

• Arrest Rate = distinctive event