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Module 1 How to learn English
Unit 1 let’s try to speak English as much as possible
Lead-in We have studied Enlish for a long time. But why should we learn English?
(1). ---Where can we see English in our daily life? ---A lot of things around us is used in English. magazine internet (3). newspaper /´nju:zpeipə/ 杂志 互联网 报纸
(2).---Which countries is English spoken in? ---People from more than 50 countries speak English. 现在全世界共有50多个国家和地区把英文作为官方语言.
the UK 英国 这些国家和地区曾经是英国殖民地.
北美洲 : New York (USA) Canada 加拿大 纽约 (美国)
大洋洲: 澳大利亚 新西兰 Australia New Zealand
亚洲: Singapore Hong Kong 新加坡 香港
Malaysia 马来西亚 Philippines 菲律宾
India Pakistan 印度 巴基斯坦
欧洲: Ireland 爱尔兰
非洲: South Africa 南非 …and so on.
(3). ---Where is English taught? ---English is taught in many places. a. At school.
c. In the factory purchase order instructions quality inspection report
2.What can you do if you understand English? A. Translator 翻译 1. 笔译(written translator) 2. 口译(oral translator) 3. 交替传译: 主要 用于会见会谈、新 闻发布 等范围小、时间短、语 种少 的场合. 口译 员坐在会议室里, 一面听源语讲话, 一面记 笔记, 当讲者发言结束或停下来等候传译 的时候, 口译员用清楚、自然的目的语, 准 确、完整地重新表达源语发言的全部内容, 就像自己在演讲一样. 会议口译中的交
替传译要求口译员 能够 听取长达五至十分钟连续不断的讲话, 并运用良好的 演讲技巧, 完整、准确地译出其全部内容. 如果发言时间较长, 发言与翻译则交替进行.交替传译是现场翻译, 也是口译。 周宇 周宇---十届全国人大四次会议记者招待会上中国外交部翻译室的年轻翻译(右边第三位)
4. 同声传译:是当今会议口译使用最多的工作 模式. 口译员组成小组, 在配有专门同声传 译设备的隔音同传间?(俗称“箱子”)里工作, 同传间位于会场内, 透过 玻璃窗可直接看 到发言人、投影屏幕以及整个会议现场.口 译员一面通过耳机收听源语发言人连续不 断的讲话, 一面几乎同步地对着话筒把讲话 人所表达的全部意思准确完整地传译成目的 语. 与会代表在各自的接收器上选择所需的 语言频道, 从耳机中收听。同声传译是现场 翻译也是口译。
5. 随身翻译 1970年, 毛主席陪美国著名记者、作家斯诺在天安门城楼参观, 站在中间的是毛主席的随身翻译冀朝铸.
6. 现场翻译 周恩来总理与尼克 松总统碰杯(左一为现 场翻译冀朝铸). 冀朝铸被誉为“中国 红墙第一翻译”,曾任驻 斐济/瓦努阿图和基里巴斯, 英国等国大使, 以及 联合国副秘书长. 从五十年代至九十年代, 冀朝铸先后为毛 泽东、周恩来、邓小平、陈毅等人担任过翻 译。基辛格来华, 邓小平首次访美, 都是冀朝铸担任翻译。
据说外交部很多翻译员都是北外或北大毕 业的佼佼者。 B. Foreign trade businesspeople 外贸商人 (Business negotiation) 商务谈判
Can you tell me how you learn English? What do you use when you learn English? Of course, we usually use our ears, eyes, mouths and hands. What can we do with them? listen listening ear
ask answer read repeat say speak talk speaking mouth
look see read check reading eye
write match translate copy number writing hand
Activity 3 Listen and read Now here is a conversation between Ms James and her students Daming and Lingling .They are talking about how to learn English well. Read it as quickly as possible to find out the expressions of suggestion.
Ms James:Welcome back, everyone! Today,we are going to talk about good ways to learn English. Ready?Who has some advice? Lingling: We should always speak English in class. Ms James: Good! Let’s try to speak English as much aspossible. Daming:Why not write down the mistakes in ournotebooks? Ms James: That’s a good idea.And don’t forget to write down the correct answers next to the mistakes? Whatelse?
Lingling:It’s a good idea to spell and pronounce new words aloud every day. Ms James: Thanks a lot, Lingling. How about listening(25) to the radio. Daming:Yes,that’s good for our pronunciation too.But there are so many new words. Ms James: You don’t need to understand every word. You just need to listen for key wordsand main ideas.
Daming: That’s the same for reading.English stories are so interesting . I get to know a lot about the world through reading. Lingling: I think writing is also important . Why don’t we try to find some English pen friends? We can write to them. Ms James:Excellent!Iagreewith you.
1we should always speak English in class. . 2. let’s try to speak English as much as possible. 3. Why not write down the mistakes in our notebooks? 4. How about listening to the radio? 5. I think writing is also important. 6. Why don’t we try to find some English pen friends?
Look at the following pictures and try to use the expressions of suggestion
Why don’t yousee a doctor? I’m not feeling well.
Why notgoto the market? I can’t get any fish.
Exercises 1. Read this conversation again and then check if the following statements are true. ( )1. Speak Chinese in class. ( )2. Write the mistakes in the notebooks. F T ( )3. Write down the correct answers next to the mistakes. T
( ) 4. Check your vocabulary notebook every day. T T ( ) 5. Listen to English radio programme. T ( ) 6. Read English stories. ( ) 7. Try to understand every word. F 2. Choose the best answers ( )1. Why is Ms James going to give her students some advice? A. Because she is a good teacher. C
B. Because she likes giving others advice. C. Because it is a new term. ( ) 2. They are talking about_____ A. what they will do in the English class. B. how to speak English. C. how to learn English. C
Activity 4. Write notes about: listening listen to the English radio always speak English in class. speaking read English stories. reading Find some English pen friends and writeto them. writing Learning new words Spell and pronounce new words aloud every day.
Activity 5. Work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions.Use the notes you wrote in Activity 4 to help you. 1. your grammar 2. your listening 3. your vocabulary What should you do to improve 4. your writing 5. your reading 6. your speaking
For example: 1. ---What should you do to improve your grammar? ---I write down the correct answers next to the mistakes.
2. ---What should you do to improve your listening? ---I listen to the English radio. 3. ---What should you do to improve your writing? ---I will find a pen friend and write to each other. 4. ---What should you do to improve your reading? ---I read English stories.
6. ---What should you do to improve your speaking? ---I always speak English in class.
Homework Do you want to improve your English?Write some advice for yourself.