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APPENDIX I. COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY FIRE SAFETY:. A PROGRAM CONDUCTED BY THE STATE FIRE MARSHALS FOR COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY ADMINISTRATORS. “ A MEETING OF THE MINDS’’. OSFM 1. COMMON CAUSES OF FIRES IN STUDENT RESIDENCES ( on and off campus ). THE FIRE PROBLEM.

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college and university fire safety

COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY FIRE SAFETY:

A PROGRAM CONDUCTED BY THE STATE FIRE MARSHALS

FOR COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY ADMINISTRATORS

“ A MEETING OF THE MINDS’’

OSFM 1

the fire problem

COMMON CAUSES OF FIRES IN STUDENT RESIDENCES

( on and off campus )

THE FIRE PROBLEM

1. Inappropriately Discarded Smoking Materials

2. Falling Asleep While Smoking

3. Ignited Materials Left Unattended

4. Inadequate Control Of An Open Flame

5. Combustible Material Too Close To A Heating Element

6. Improper Cooking Elements Burning food items

7. Overloaded Electrical Outlets

OSFM 2

slide4

THE FIRE PROBLEM

In The United States, The Risk of Fire Injury Among The Various Age

Levels Peaks Between The Age of 20 and 24 Years.

Young Adults Have A 40 Percent Greater Risk of Fire

Injury Than Average.

Dangerous Activities + High Degree Of Bravado + Alcohol =

Double The Risk Of Being Killed In A Fire For Males

OSFM 3

slide5

THE FIRE PROBLEM

“ FIRES, FIRE-RELATED INJURIES

& DEATHS ARE PREVENTABLE !!”

Our Agenda Today:

A. A Rationale For Fire Safety

Education.

D. A Sample Video

Education Program.

( Eau Claire Wisconsin Fire Department )

B. The Role Of The College Or

University & Off-Campus

Housing.

E. Fire And Life Safety

Certification For College And

University Employees.

C. Components of An Effective

Fire Safety Education Program.

F. Sprinkler Systems.

OSFM 4

slide6

A. A RATIONALE FOR FIRE SAFETY EDUCATION

1. A Rationale

Those Persons Who Attend Our Colleges and Universities

Must Be Protected.

The Protection Is Both A Personal and

A Shared Responsibility.

It Is Essential That A Major Crisis Be Avoided.

An Ongoing And Frequent Fire Safety Education Program

Will Help To Prevent Fires.

College And University Administrators Already Have A

Full, And At Times, Overwhelming Job.

OSFM 5

slide7

A. RATIONALE FOR FIRE SAFETY EDUCATION:

1. A Rationale

A SERIOUS FIRE ONLY ADDS TO THE EDUCATION

ADMINISTRATOR’S BURDEN

Fire Safety Partnerships Will:

1. Help Prevent The Fire In The First Place;

and

2. Support The College In The Event A Fire Does Occur.

……. BUT FIRST …..,

OSFM 6

slide8

A. A RATIONALE FOR FIRE SAFETY EDUCATION:

2. Added Responsibilities in the Event of a Fire

Structural

Implement Building Shut Down Procedures.

Meet With Fire Investigators And Others

Involved Community Personnel.

Make Alternative Classroom Arrangements.

OSFM 7

slide9

A. A RATIONALE FOR FIRE SAFETY EDUCATION:

2. Added Responsibilities in the Event of a Fire

Structural, cont’d

Address Rebuilding Or Renovation And Repair

Plans.

Develop Plans To Demonstrate Changes That

Increase Safety.

OSFM 8

slide10

A. A RATIONALE FOR FIRE SAFETY EDUCATION:

2. Added Responsibilities in the Event of a Fire

Human Needs

Create/ Activate A Crisis Intervention Team To

Address Human Reaction And Emotion.

Create A Central Place For Affected Individuals To

Receive Support Services From The Crisis

Intervention Team.

OSFM 9

slide11

A. A RATIONALE FOR FIRE SAFETY EDUCATION:

2. Added Responsibilities in the Event of a Fire

Human Needs, Cont’d

Create A Place On Campus For Families Who

Arrive And Need Assistance And Information.

Manage The Varied Needs Of Students Misplaced

Because Of A Fire Including

Medical, - Clothing

Alternative Housing,

Personal Finances,

Education Supplies.

OSFM 10

slide12

A. RATIONALE FOR FIRE SAFETY EDUCATION:

2. Added Responsibilities in the Event of a Fire

Human Needs, Cont’d

Manage Parent Concerns That Will Include:

Making And Receiving Parent Calls To

Reassure Parents Who Are Worried,

And

Notifying Parents That A Fire Occurred And

Of Their Child’s Location, Injury Or Death.

Sponsor Memorial Services And Attend Funerals.

OSFM 11

slide13

A. RATIONALE FOR FIRE SAFETY EDUCATION:

2. Added Responsibilities in the Event of a Fire

Legal, Insurance, & Administrative

Meet With Different Internal Departments To

Address Various Fire-Related Issues.

Manage Public Concerns.

Manage The Media.

OSFM 12

slide14

A A RATIONALE FOR FIRE SAFETY EDUCATION:

2. Added Responsibilities in the Event of a Fire

Legal, Insurance, & Administrative, Cont’d

Implement Changes To Prove To The Public

And Students That The Campus Is Safe.

Meet With Students Resident Associations And

Greek Organizations.

OSFM 13

slide15

A. RATIONALE FOR FIRE SAFETY EDUCATION:

2. Added Responsibilities in the Event of a Fire

BE AVAILABLE EVENINGS

AND WEEKENDS

FOR A LENGTHY PERIOD OF TIME

TO ACCOMPLISH THESE TASKS !!

OSFM 14

slide16

B. THE ROLE OF THE COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY

& OFF-CAMPUS HOUSING

1. The Pendulum Swing of Responsibility

“ IN LOCO PARENTS “

Concerned With The

Welfare Of Students

Recent Laws Confuse The

College & University Role

Alcohol Use By Minors

Civil Host Laws

Other Safety Laws

1960’s AND 1970’s

Privacy Rights Were

The Central Issue.

...What Is Needed Is A

Clearly Defined Fire Safety Role For Both On Campus And

Off Campus Housing !!

OSFM 15

slide17

B. THE ROLE OF THE COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY

& OFF CAMPUS HOUSING

2. The Strategies for Forging a Clear Role

Adopt A Written Fire And Safety Policy

Includes:

-- Clear Mission Statement

-- Numerous Reminders Of

Personal Responsibility For

Fire & Life Safety

-- Regular Inspections

-- Frequent Education Experiences

Results in: A Safe And Supportive Environment

OSFM 16

slide18

B. THE ROLE OF THE COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY

& OFF CAMPUS HOUSING

2. The Strategies for Forging a Clear Role

Build A Network Of Partnerships

Includes:

Strong Community Connections To Support Students.

Create Partnerships With:

Local Fire Agencies

Community Agencies

Landlord/Tenant Associations

Student Unions

Fraternities/Sororities

Establish A Housing Hotline

Method For Students To Alert The College

When Housing Safety Issues Arise

OSFM 17

slide19

B. THE ROLE OF THE COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY

& OFF CAMPUS HOUSING

2. The Strategies for Forging a Clear Role

Build A Network of Partnerships, Cont’d

Includes:

Recommend Housing That Has Complied With And

Passed Fire Safety Inspections

Handout On A Regular Basis: “ Answer 20 Questions

Before Signing a Rental Agreement”

Results in: A Shared Responsibility &

A Consistent, Ongoing Effort

For Safety

OSFM 18

slide20

B. THE ROLE OF THE COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY

& OFF CAMPUS HOUSING

2. The Strategies for Forging a Clear Role

Implement Strong Penalties For Violators Of Safety Rules

( Within Legal Boundaries )

Includes:

-- Clear, Written Consequences

( Insert discipline consequences in written policies )

-- Frequent Reminders Of Consequences

( Clearly refer to these during orientation and at

periodic reminders )

Results in: A Responsible And Safe Atmosphere

OSFM 19

slide21

C. COMPONENTS OF AN EFFECTIVE FIRE SAFETY

EDUCATION PROGRAM

1. General Information:

The Nature Of Fire

Most Common Causes Of Residential Fires At

Colleges & Universities

Most Common Causes Of Fire Injury And Deaths

Among College & University students

Responsibility & Liability Issues

-- Of The College/University

-- Of Off-Campus Housing Owners

-- Of Students

( Peer Pressure: Your Safety is in the Hands of

your Friends, and Their Friends. )

OSFM 20

slide22

C. COMPONENTS OF AN EFFECTIVE FIRE SAFETY

EDUCATION PROGRAM

2. In the Event of a Fire

Fire Safety Procedures

a. Fire Exits

b. Alarms

c. Calls To Fire Department

d. Fire Extinguisher Use

e. Fire Drills

OSFM 21

slide23

C. COMPONENT OF AN EFFECTIVE FIRE SAFETY

EDUCATION PROGRAM

Fire Safe Tools and Actions

Smoke Detectors

Sprinkler Systems

FR Mattresses

FR Furniture

Cooking Safety

Electrical Safety

USE:

CHRIMINAL ACTIONS HAVE

PENALTIES

AVOID:

Halogen Lights

Candles

Alcohol/Drugs

Smoking

Vandalism

Tampering

Arson

Causing Fire-related

Injuries

( FR = Fire Retardant )

OSFM 22

slide24

D. SAMPLE EDUCATIONAL VIDEO PROGRAM

“ GET OUT AND STAY ALIVE “

OSFM 23

slide25

E. FIRE & LIFE SAFETY MATERIALS FOR

COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY

EMPLOYEE TRAINING PROGRAMS

Training & Certification Programs contribute to:

The Establishment of a Fire Safe Workplace.

A Better Understanding of Fire Codes by

College and University Personnel.

Suggested Program Objectives Can Be:

The Essential Elements of An On-Going Safety Program.

How to Identify Fire Hazards and

Provide Remedial Prevention Programs.

How to Develop Emergency Evacuation Plans.

OSFM 24

slide26

F. SPRINKLER SYSTEMS: THE MYTHS

All Sprinklers Will Operate At Once.

MYTH 1.

FACT:

Only Those Sprinklers Near The Source Of The

Fire Will Operate.

MYTH 2.

Water Damage Is Extensive When Sprinklers Operate.

A Sprinkler Head Will Discharge Up To 20 Gallons Of

Water Per Minute…. The Average Fire Department Hose

Stream Discharges More Than 100 Gallons Of Water

Per Minute.

FACT:

Some Media Accounts Have Distorted The Damage Cost

By Not Taking Into Account The Total Value Of A

Building And Its Contents.

FACT:

OSFM 26

slide27

F. SPRINKLER SYSTEMS: THE MYTHS

MYTH 3.

Sprinklers Will Malfunction And Not Work When Needed.

Factory Mutual Research Corporation Estimates That 1 In

16,000,000 Installed Sprinklers Will Fail To Operate For

No Apparent Reason.

FACT:

FACT:

One In 2,500,000 Installed Systems Will Fault For No

Apparent Reason and Result In An Unwanted Discharge

Of Water.

MYTH 4.

Inadvertent Discharge Of Sprinklers Is Common.

FACT:

It Rarely Ever Happens.

OSFM 27

slide28

F. SPRINKLER SYSTEMS:

THE REASONS FOR SPRINKLER USE:

Sprinklers May Be The Most Reliable Fire Protection

System Known.

REASON 1.

NFPA Studies Have Shown A 96. 2 % Success Record

For The Years 1925 Through 1969.

FACT:

Sprinklers Do Not Rely On Human Factors To

Put Out A Fire.

REASON 2.

FACT:

Sprinklers Work Automatically On A Heat

Actuated Principle.

OSFM 28

slide29

F. SPRINKLER SYSTEMS

The Reasons for Sprinkler Use:

REASON 3.

There Has Never Been A Multiple Loss Of Life In A

Fully Sprinkled Building.

Over 100 Years Of Data Exist To Support The Unique

Effectiveness Of Fire Sprinklers.

FACT:

REASON 4.

Fire Sprinklers Unequivocally Save Lives

….. As Well As Property.

FACT:

The NFPA Has Found That Approximately 20 Lives Are

Lost Each Year In This Country In Sprinkled Buildings,

Compared To 4,000 Per Year In Un-sprinkled Building.

OSFM 29

slide30

F. SPRINKLER SYSTEMS:

The Reasons for Sprinkler Use:

SUMMARY

Fires Move Quickly

And

May Be Deadly Within 2-3 Minutes Of Starting.

The Cost Of Installing Sprinklers In New Construction

Is Approximately $ 1.00- $ 1.50 Per Square Foot-- Less

Than The Cost Of Commercial Carpeting.

OSFM 30

slide31

F. SPRINKLER SYSTEMS:

Sprinkler Systems in the State of Indiana.

When was the building constructed ? Depending on the

sprinkler requirements at the time, sprinklers may not

be required.

What was the original use of the building ? If the occupancy

of the building has not changed, sprinklers may not be

required.