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Emotion, Intuition and “Hot” Thinking. Psychological Perspectives on Emotion the role of thinking in emotion Studying Emotion Blink : Thin Slicing Emotions. anger. fear. happy. contempt. Emotion 101. Emotion Families Three Channels of Output Subjective Feeling Expression Physiology

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emotion intuition and hot thinking
Emotion, Intuition and “Hot” Thinking
  • Psychological Perspectives on Emotion
    • the role of thinking in emotion
  • Studying Emotion
  • Blink: Thin Slicing Emotions
slide6
anger

fear

happy

contempt

emotion 101
Emotion 101
  • Emotion Families
  • Three Channels of Output
    • Subjective Feeling
    • Expression
    • Physiology
  • Appraisals of Meaning (aka the role of thinking in emotions)
    • Hot “Cognitions”
      • “You intentionally demeaned me”
can we study emotion scientifically emotions in the context of couple interactions
Can we study emotion scientifically?Emotions in the Context of Couple Interactions
  • Laboratory Based Interaction
    • “Revealed Offense” Task
      • Videotape ==> Observational Coding
      • Physiological Indicators of Emotion
      • VIDEO RECALL
        • On-line Feelings and thoughts
how i felt during this discussion
“How I felt during this discussion”

Wife’s Positive “HAM”

Wife’s Negative “HAM”

slide12
Does this study show that you can use science to examine emotion?
  • How do you know emotions when you see them?
  • What cues do you use?
    • BLINK: Thin Slicing Emotions
ekman facs system
0 page 465

4i page 466

4ii page 466

w0 page 465

w4 page 465

video 4

page 381 for score

page 382 for score

page 382 for score

page 382 for score

page 382 for score

page 413 for score

Ekman: FACS SYSTEM

Action Unit 4 – Brow Lowerer

specific affect coding system spaff
Specific Affect Coding System (SPAFF)
  • GOTTMAN (from Blink)
    • Long Manual
    • Gestalt Approach
      • Body Language
      • Facial Expression
      • Speech Content
      • Speech Qualities (tone, prosody)
    • Extensive Training
    • Multiple emotions coded
  • SPAFF vs. FACS
    • More inference, harder to get interrater agreement, more “subjective”
our method of observing emotion
Our Method of Observing Emotion
  • View Videotapes
    • 30-second epochs
    • 16 emotions and couple behaviors
      • e.g., Anger (0=not at all; 9=A lot)
    • 5-6 independent “naïve” observers
    • ratings pooled
slide17
Naïve Coder Approach vs. SPAFF
    • More reliance on intuition, subjective judgment … thin slicing
      • Less “thinking” and reliance on heuristics in manual
    • More or less objective???
does it work
Does it Work?
  • Highly correlated with SPAFF coding
  • Emotional Coding Predicts Marital Quality and Stability
    • 83% accuracy in predicting dissolution
  • Why might be the advantages of naïve coding vs. SPAFF manualized approach?
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