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Latin-American Collaboration in Nuclear Physics. Alinka Lépine-Szily Instituto de Física-USP São Paulo, Brazil. Two-Day Symposium on International Nuclear Science of the IUPAP Working Group WG.9 TRIUMF on July 2-4, 2010. CHART OF SANTIAGO

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Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

Latin-American Collaboration in Nuclear Physics

Alinka Lépine-Szily

Instituto de Física-USP

São Paulo, Brazil

Two-Day Symposium on International Nuclear Science of the

IUPAP Working Group WG.9 TRIUMF on July 2-4, 2010

Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics


The “Association of Latin American Nuclear Physics and

Applications” (ALANPA) was formed in Santiago, Chile on Dec. 19, 2009, by representatives of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela.

In Spanish is called “Asociación Latino Americana de Física Nuclear y Aplicaciones” ALAFNA

In Portuguese is called “Associação Latino Americana de Física Nuclear e Aplicações” ALAFNA

Chairs of ALANPA: Andrés Kreiner (Argentina)

Alinka Lépine-Szily (Brazil)

Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

Steering Committee (SC) of ALANPA is formed by the 15 original founders:

Ricardo Alarcon (Arizona State Univ., USA)

Hugo Arellano (U. of Chile, Chile)

Haydn Barros (U.Simon Bolivar, Venezuela)

Maria Ester Brandan (UNAM, Mexico)

Roelof Bijker (UNAM, Mexico)

Laszlo Sajo Bohus (U.Simon Bolivar, Venezuela)

Fernando Cristancho (UNal, Colombia)

Paulo Gomes (U. Fed. Fluminense, Brazil)

Carlos Granja(Inst.Exp.Appl.Phys. Czech Tech.U. Czech Rep.)

Andrés Kreiner (Tandar, CNEA, Argentina)

Alinka Lépine-Szily (USP, Brazil)

Rubens Lichtenthäler (USP, Brazil)

Modesto Montoya (Inst. Per. Em. Nucl., Peru)

Roberto Morales (U. of Chile, Chile)

Alberto Pacheco (Tandar, CNEA, Argentina)

Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

Objectives of ALANPA (ALAFNA) original founders

To strengthen ties among the Latin American Communities doing nuclear research and applications to foster collaborations and promotion of activities,

To educate the scientific community and the general public through the promotion of nuclear physics and the peaceful uses of nuclear technology,

To do periodic overall assessments of nuclear science in Latin America in the context of world wide activities, and

To discuss at a multi-national level future planning of nuclear science activities in Latin America

Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

Role of the Steering Committee: original founders

-establishment of ALANPA governance rules

-divulgation of ALANPA in the scientific community

-divulgation of ALANPA within governments of Latin America with interest in nuclear science and applications

ALANPA homepage will be installed in the very near future

on the website of the next “Latin American Symposium on Nuclear Physics and Applications” july 18-22,2011, Quito, Ecuador

Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

  • Latin American Symposia on Nuclear Physics and original founders

  • Applications

  • Caracas, Venezuela

  • Caracas, Venezuela

  • San Andrés, Colombia

  • Ciudad de México, México

  • 2003 Santos, Brazil

  • Iguazu, Argentina

  • Cuzco, Peru

  • Santiago, Chile

  • Quito, Ecuador

  • Scope: the dissemination of the major theoretical and experimental

  • advances in the field of nuclear science and its applications.

  • The main topics to be covered are: Nuclear Structure and Reactions,

  • Nuclear and Particle Astrophysics, Cosmic Rays, Hadron Structure

  • and Phases of Nuclear Matter, Tests of Fundamental Symmetries

  • and Properties of Neutrinos, Nuclear Instrumentation and Facilities:

  • Radiation Detectors and Sources, and Applications in Medicine

  • (Biomedical Imaging, Radiotherapy),Art/Archeology, Energy, Space and

  • International Security.

Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

  • Argentina

  • Brazil

  • Chile

  • Mexico

  • Venezuela

  • Ecuador

  • Colombia

  • Peru

  • Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    Nuclear Physics and Applications in Argentina and Cooperation in Latin America


    1Departamento de Física, CNEA, Atomic Energy Commission Arg.

    2Escuela de Ciencia y Tecnología. Universidad de San Martin, Arg.

    3CONICET (National Research Council), Argentina.

    Nuclear physics and applications in argentina

    • Institutions and locations

      1. National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA)

      1.1 Buenos Aires (Centro Atomico Constituyentes), Physics Department (currently Gerencia de Investigacion y Aplicaciones, Laboratorio TANDAR)

      1.2 Prov. Buenos Aires (Centro Atomico Ezeiza)

      1.3 Bariloche (Centro Atomico Bariloche)

      2. School of Science and Technology-University

      of San Martin (ECyT-UNSAM)

      Prov. Buenos Aires, Migueletes Campus.

      3. Faculty of Exact and Natural Sciences- University

      of Buenos Aires (FCEyN-UBA)

      3.1 Buenos Aires

      4. Faculty of Sciences- National University of La Plata

      5. Favaloro University

    1 1 research programs
    1.1 Research Programs Cooperation in Latin America

    The main experimental and theoretical research lines related to Nuclear Physics and its applications are the following:

    • Low-energy nuclear physics: Nuclear structure, nuclear reactions, collective nuclear excitations and giant resonances, break-up reactions and their influence on fusion reactions involving weakly bound nuclei; fusion barrier distributions.

    • High-energy nuclear physics: Hadronic models based on QCD. Phase structure of strong interactions.

    1 1 research programs cont
    1.1 Research Programs (Cont.) Cooperation in Latin America

    • Applied Nuclear Physics: A result of basic research activities has been the application of various experimental nuclear physics techniques to other fields of knowledge:

    • biomedicine, radiobiology, environmental science, material science, nuclear astrophysics.

    • Techniques developed and available: Ion Beam Analysis (HIRBS, PIXE, NRA,..);External Beam Irradiations, Neutron Production, Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS). Proton irradiations to qualify satellite components (solar cells and electronic circuits).

    • In the biomedical area a project is worth mentioning related to accelerator-based Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT), including the development of a high intensity low-energy proton accelerator and a SPECT tomograph. Recently this program has widened to start with the development of accelerator technology aimed at nuclear transmutation of highly radiotoxic waste coming from the Argentine power reactors (30 people).

    • A heavy ion microbeam facility for the study of biological and physical problems with high spatial resolution has ben operational for several years. High aspect ratio micromachining is available. PIXE and other IBA’s.

    • Astroparticle physics (Auger projects and extensions).

    • Number of scientists: ~80

    Major facility tandar 20 mv tandem pelletron
    Major facility: TANDAR 20 MV Tandem (Pelletron) Cooperation in Latin America

    Facility's major experimental instrumentation and its capabilities:

    • - QDD magnetic spectrometer.

    • - Microbeam facility (beam spots of about 1μ2) with high resolution X-ray detection.

    • - External beam irradiation facility with on-line dose determination.

    • - Heavy-ion identification based on a time-of-flight facility (start and stop signals derived from microchannel plates) followed by a Bragg spectrometer or solid state detectors.

    • - 30-inch diameter multipurpose scattering chamber.

    • - Irradiation chamber for the simulation of outer-space environmental conditions.

    • Ion implanter.

    • Number of actual, active users of the facility: 51

    • Number of a) permanent staff, as scientific, technical, and administrative staff, employed by the lab: 46 and b) temporary staff (including graduate students and postdoctoral researchers on the facility’s payroll): 12

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    Tandar accelerator tower with SF6 storage spheres. Cooperation in Latin America

    20 MV Tandem

    at CNEA Buenos Aires.

    Other cnea centers
    Other CNEA centers Cooperation in Latin America

    • 1.2 EZEIZA Atomic Center: Isotope production (40 MeV proton Cyclotron). Nuclear metrology (radiation measurements, standards for gammas, betas, neutrons). Reactor physics (RA-3 research reactor). BNCT with reactors. 60Co irradiators. Isotope production. (150 people).

    • 1.3 BARILOCHE Atomic Center: Neutron physics (electron LINAC for neutron production thru photonuclear reactions, 10 people). Reactor physics and engineering RA-6 (School of Nuclear Engineering). Clinical trials in BNCT (4). Auger physics (4).

    • 1.4 School of Nuclear medicine (Mendoza). PET center in association with National Cancer Institute (Buenos Aires).

    Other institutions
    Other Institutions Cooperation in Latin America

    • 2. ECYT-UNSAM

      Medical physics (radiotherapy, nuclear medicine, imaging modalities; 5 + many CNEA)

    • 3. FCEyN-UBA

      Statistical mechanics applications to nuclear physics (theory, 2). Involvement in CERN experiments (1).

    • 4. La Plata

      Nuclear structure and weak interactions (theory, 3 people). Auger physics (6).

    • 5.Favaloro

      Engineering in Medical Physics (several CNEA).

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    NUCLEAR PHYSICS RESEARCH IN Cooperation in Latin America


    Alinka Lépine-Szily

    Instituto de Física-USP

    São Paulo, Brazil

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    Number of scientists and graduate students in Cooperation in Latin America

    Nuclear Physics in Brasil in 2010

    In 2005






    2005: 63 universities

    2009: 131 universities (

    1999: 2.7 millions of students, 6.9%

    2004: 4.16 millions of students

    2009: 4.88 millions of students, 13.9%


    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    Research Programs: Cooperation in Latin America

    Low-energy nuclear physics:T,E

    Low energy reaction and structure studies with stable and radioactive beams, break-up, fusion, nuclear astrophysical reactions, Gamma-spectrosopy, nuclear structure with light-ion transfer reactions.

    T: 3-body description of halo nuclei, fusion models for superheavies, weak-interaction for r-process

    High-energy nuclear physics:


    Hadronic models in QCD, Phases of nuclear matter, nuclear astrophysics within relativistic models(hadronic and quark stars),

    Experimental: Auger project

    STAR collaboration at RHIC, Alice collaboration at LHC

    PHENIX collaboration at RHIC, Atlas collab. at LHC

    1111118th 118th Intn Few-Body Problems in PhysIcs 8th International IUPAP Conference on Few-Body Problems in PhysIcs

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    • Research programs: Cooperation in Latin America

    • Applied Nuclear Physics:

    • Radiation Physics

    • Material analysis using ionic beams

    • PIXE, RBS, external beam, ERDA, PIGE

    • (8MV Pelletron tandem, 1.7MV Pelletron tandem USP)

    • Atomic Mass Spectrometry (USP, UFF)

    • Instrumentation for detectors and electronics (IPEN)

    • Gamma and X-ray spectrometry for material analysis.

    • Dating, art and archeology

    • Medical Physics

    • Radioisotope production (67Ga,201Tl,111In,18F,123I, IPEN))

    • 3D Imaging detectors, dosimetry

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    Accelerators in Brazil Cooperation in Latin America

    (not dedicated to NP)

    LNLS- Synchrotron Radiation Light Source, Campinas

    1.37 GeV,250mA

    The only light source in Latin-America

    Research in material science, biology, medical

    science, chemistry. 1100 users

    Cyclotrons for isotope production at CNEN, hospitals.

    Research Reactor at CNEN-IPEN of 5MW

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    State funding agencies: largest is FAPESP Cooperation in Latin America(Fundação de Apoio à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo)

    State funding agencies: largest is FAPESP (Fundação de Apoio à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo)


    Major Facility for Nuclear Physics research

    8 MV Pelletron Tandem

    University of São Paulo: Institute of Physics

    8 MV tandem

    3-5 MeV.A

    Local facility: Very important for graduate student training, 56 MS and PhD thesis in last 10 years

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    • Facility´s major experimental Cooperation in Latin America

    • instrumentation and capabilities:

    • Radioactive Ion Beam Brasil

    • (RIBRAS) 2 superconducting solenoids

    • can select and focus radioactive beams

    • produced by transfer reactions B=6.5T.

    • 2. Two large position sensitive

    • neutron detectors (Neutron wall)

    • 3. Gamma-ray+charged particle

    • spectrometer (SACI-PERERE)

    • 4. Enge split-pole spectrometer

    • 5. Multi-purpose scattering chamber.

    • 6. Large scattering chamber

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    Ion primary beam energy(MeV) reaction production rate

    (/ 1A of primary beam)

    6He 30. 9Be(7Li,6He) 10+6 p/s

    6He 20. 9Be(7Li,6He) 10+5 p/s

    8Li 30 9Be(7Li,8Li) 10+6 p/s

    7Be 30 3He(6Li,7Be) 4x10+5 p/s

    7Be 30 3He(7Li,7Be) 2x10+5 p/s

    8B 30 3He(6Li,8B) (?)

    Present beams at RIBRAS

    present primary beam 6,7Li intensities ~ 300 nAe

    Elastic, inelastic scattering, transfer reactions, reaction cross section, break-up cross section, astrophysical S-factors, induced by radioactive beams

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    Highlights of the SP. Pelletron Lab production rate.

    Elastic scattering of light halo projectile:6He

    Total reaction cross-section: 6He+27Al, 6He+51V, 6He+120Sn


    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    Production of light elements in primordial nucleosynthesis: production rate

    Primordial Nucleosynthesis  without the participation of the unstable nuclei

    Primordial Nucleosynthesis  with the participation of the unstable nuclei:

    p-rich: 8B, 9C,11C

    n-rich:8Li,9Li, 11Be etc

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    Non-homogeneous primordial nucleosynthesis: production rate

    8Li(4He,n)11B, bridges de A=8 gap

    8Li(p,4He)5He main reaction which destroys the 8Li.

    Was measured at RIBRAS with 8Li beam, thick CH2 target,

    inverse kinematics, excitation function, from Ecm=0.4 to 2.7 MeV

    R-matrix calculations

    for the 9Be resonances,


    0.605, 1.58 and 1.77 MeV

    P. Descouvemont private communication

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    • Main Institutions: production rate

    • São Paulo state (80% experimental, 35% theoretical

    • activity)

    • São Paulo USP E, T research in low, high energy nuclear physics

    • IFT/UNESP Hadronic models in QCD, 3-body models of halo nuclei T

    • ITA 3-body models of halo nuclei, relativistic nuclear structure T

    • Unicamp; Auger project, RHIC, LHC E

    • IPEN: gamma spectrosopy, instrumentation and applications E

    • 2. Rio de Janeiro

    • UFRJ Theoretical studies of Nuclear Reactions, Hadron Physics T

    • UFF Low energy Nuclear Reactions T,E AMS E

    • CBPF Hadron Physics, fusion models for SHE, r-process T

    • 3. Southern states, Paraná, UEL, applications, Gamma and X-ray spectrometry for material analysis E

    • Santa Catarina, UFSC nuclear astrophysics within relativistic models(hadronic and quark stars) T

    • Rio Grande do Sul, UFRGS, FURGhadron physics using QCD T

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    International Collaborations: production rate


    1.Strong collaboration between Pelletron (USP) -Tandar

    Argentina and UFF (Niteroi, Brasil) Pro-Sul CNPq-CONICET

    2. STAR, PHENIX collaboration at RHIC

    3. Alice collaboration at LHC

    5. Collaborations: FAIR, Legnaro, Catania, Sevilla, Madrid, Lisboa, U. Notre Dame, CNS-U.Tokyo, GANIL, ANU


    U.La Plata (Arg.), Cuba, U. Coimbra, Tandar, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Oxford Univ., Univ. Tennessee, Univ. Sydney, Univ. Aarhus.

    Difficulties: Small groups, Heavy travel

    expenses, little money for graduate students

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    Nuclear Physics in Chile production rate

    Roberto Morales

    Universidad de Chile

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    1.- ¿ Dónde se hace Física Nuclear, ciudades, laboratorios, universidades?

    Sólo en Santiago hay actividad en Física Nuclear

    2. Instalaciones experimentales.

    En la Universidad de Chile, UCH.

    Acelerador Van de Graaff. 3.75 MeV

    Sistemas de espectroscopía gamma, rayos X, alfa

    En la Comisión Chilena de Energía Nuclear, CCHEN

    Un reactor de investigación de 5 MW. En La Reina. Operativo

    Activación neutrónica

    Producción de radioisótopos, Tc-99m, I-131

    Espectroscopia gamma

    Laboratorio de plasma

    Laboratorio y Servicio de Dosimetría

    Ciclotrón de 18 MeV para F-18

    Un reactor de investigación de 10 MW. En Lo Aguirre. No opera

    Irradiador gamma

    Prompt gamma

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    3.- Recursos humanos.-´ laboratorios, universidades?

    Investigadores Universidad de Chile

    Arellano, Hugo Dr. UCH

    Cancino, Simón M.Cs. UCH

    Dinator, Maria I. M.Cs. UCH *

    Morales, J. Roberto Dr. UCH

    Miranda, Pedro Dr. UCH

    University of chile van de graaff laboratory
    UNIVERSITY OF CHILE VAN DE GRAAFF LABORATORY laboratorios, universidades?

    P.A. Miranda, M. A. Chesta, S. A. Cancino, J. R. Morales, M. I. Dinator, J. A. Wachter and C. Tenreiro

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 248 (2006) 150-154

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    Colaboradores laboratorios, universidades?

    Robert Flocchini. UC Davis, California, U.S.A.

    Javier Miranda. UNAM, México.

    Andrea Seelenfreund. Universidad Academia de Humanismo Cristiano

    Rafael Correa. Universidad Tecnológica Metropolitana

    Sergio Montes. Universidad de Santiago

    Claudio Tenreiro. Universidad de Talca

    Mario Ávila. Comisión Chilena de Energía Nuclear

    Raúl Morales. Fac. Ciencias, Universidad de Chile

    Margarita Préndez. Fac. Ciencias Química y Farmacéutica. U. de Chile

    Diego Salazar. Fac. Ciencias Sociales. U. de Chile

    Raúl Muñoz. Fac. de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas. U. de Chile

    Roelof bijker and mar a ester brandan unam

    Roelof Bijker and laboratorios, universidades?

    María Ester Brandan


    Nuclear Physics in Mexico

    Where? laboratorios, universidades?

    • UNAM, DF, Instituto de Física, Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Fac de Ciencias

    • ININ and Univ. Autónoma del Estado de México, Toluca

    • Cinvestav, DF y Mérida

    • Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa

    • Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Puebla

    • Universidad Michoacana San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Morelia

    • Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas, Zacatecas

    • Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    Mexican Physics Society (SMF) laboratorios, universidades?








    and Fields

    Cosmic rays

    How many
    How many? laboratorios, universidades?

    • About 20 (10) in basic research and its instrumentation

    • About 30 (10) in applied nuclear physics and its instrumentation

    • Graduate students: About 50

    Subjects basic science
    Subjects: Basic science laboratorios, universidades?

    • Nuclear structure (symmetries, cluster models, nuclear masses, double b decay) T

    • Hadronic physics (LE QCD, quark models) T

    • Cosmic rays (Pyramid of the Sun, HAWC) E

    • Neutron physics, fundamental symmetries E

    • International collaborations: T, E

      • ALICE (IFUNAM, ICNUNAM, Cinvestav, BUAP, UAS)

      • Auger (ICNUNAM)

      • RIB ORNL, Notre Dame (IFUNAM, ICNUNAM)

      • LANL (IFUNAM)

    Subjects applied science
    Subjects: Applied science laboratorios, universidades?

    • Medical physics (IFUNAM, ICNUNAM, School of Medicine UNAM, UAZ) E

    • Radiation physics E

      • RBS, PIXE, other techniques

    Experimental facilities
    Experimental facilities laboratorios, universidades?

    • 6 MV Tandem (ININ)

    • 0.7 and 5.5 MV Van de Graaf and 3 MV Pelletron (IFUNAM)

    • Instrumentation laboratories

      • Pyramid of the Sun and HAWC (IFUNAM)

      • Detector lab (ICNUNAM)

      • Instrumentation labs (Puebla and UMSNH)

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    Nuclear Physics and Applications in Ecuador laboratorios, universidades?




    Escuela Politécnica Nacional (EPN), Quito

    Dept. de Física y Astronomía

    Dept. de Ciencias Nucleares

    • Bulk irradiations (electron, gamma)

    • Atomic absorption (X-rays, UV)

    • Fluorescence and mass analysis


    Co irradiator

    • Particle physics (D0 Fermilab)

    Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito

    „National Bureau of Control, License and Studies of Nuclear Sciences“(former Atomic Energy Commission)

    • Regulations, safeguards

    • Nuclear techniques (element analysis)

    Dependency of the Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy

    Laboratories (e.g. Dosimeter and radiation monitor calibration).

    Oncology Society SOLCA, Quito

    • Medical Physics

    • Radiotherapy (electron, photon)

    commercial radiotherapy linacs (e–,g)

    Hospitals (oncology), Quito, Guayaquil

    • Radiotherapy treatments (electron, photon)

    commercial radiotherapy linacs (e–,g)

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    Nuclear Physics in laboratorios, universidades?VENEZUELA

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    OIEA laboratorios, universidades?


    Spectrometer δ18

    Universidad de los Andes

    High Energy Group (3 Ph.D) Dr. Luis Nuñez

    Hydrogeology Group (2 Ph.D) Dr. Hervé Jegat


    60-Co Irradiation Facility. Ing. Paolo Traversa

    Secondary Calibration Lab. Dr. Lila Carrizalez

    Medical Physics Masters Courses

    Official National Training Courses in Radioprotection

    Environmental Radioactivity

    Universidad Central de Venezuela

    Medical Physics Masters Courses. Dr. Rafael Martín (20-25 students / year)

    Lab. Applications Nuclear Tech. In Industry. Dr. Héctor Constan. (L.Cintillation)

    Ministery of Energy

    Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, National Nuclear Authority. Dr. Héctor Constan

    Regularions & Permissions.

    Training (Through IAEA)

    Monitoring for evaluations and permissions (Gamma Spectroscopy).

    Univ. Centro Occ. Lizandro Alvarado

    TXRF – Chemistry Department. Dra. Lué Meru Marco

    Hospitals & Private Centres

    Ciclotron (18F), PET, LINAC, Gamma Ch., MRI, CT, etc. Dra. Aisa Manzo

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    OIEA laboratorios, universidades?

    Universidad Simon Bolivar


    Last Five years

    New Professionals 29

    Ph.D. Physics 2

    M.Sc. Physics 2

    M.Sc. Chemistry 2

    M.Sc. Eng. Electronic 1

    B.Sc. Physics: 12

    B.Sc. Chemistry 5

    B.Sc. Biology 1

    Electric & Electronic Eng. 6

    Postgraduate abroad 12

    Students 8

    Ph.D. 5

    M.Sc. 6

    B.Sc. 5

    Researchers 8

    Prof. L. Sajo-Bohus

    Prof. E. Greaves

    Dr. P. Nemeth

    Prof. J. Liendo

    Prof. D. Palacios

    Prof. H. Barros

    Prof. M. Bernal

    Prof. F. Rodríguez

    Techniques and devices

    Ion Implanter (0,4 MeV)

    Neutron Source (Cf)

    Alpha (Si) & Gamma Spectrometry (HPGe)

    TXRF & DRX

    TLD and SSNTD

    Co & Cs intense sources

    BGO, NaI(Tl) and Cherenkov



    Ion Beam Analysis


    Support Staff 3

    2 Tech. + 1 Adm.

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    Física nuclear y aplicaciones en el Perú laboratorios, universidades?

    El Instituto Peruano de Energía Nuclear (IPEN)

    cuenta con un reactor de investigación de 10 MW,

    en el cual se produce radioisótopos para medicina y

    se realiza análisis químicos por activación neutrónica.

    Se tiene también una facilidad de neutrografía.

    El IPEN en colaboración con la Universidad Nacional

    de Ingeniería se realiza simulación de experimentos

    de fisión y experimentos de física de reactores.

    Un grupo de la Pontifica Universidad Católica del Perú

    trabaja en el experimento ALICE con el grupo de

    México en el CERN.

    Latin american collaboration in nuclear physics

    Conclusions: laboratorios, universidades?

    Most countries in the region have small activity in basic Nuclear Physics research. Mostly radiation and medical applications. Very small number of scientists.

    Exceptions: Argentina, Brazil, Mexico

    Region has no large scale facilities in NP and no plans.

    Small support from funding agencies even for maintenance of existing facilities.