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ENGT 122 – CAD I. Title Blocks & Templates PLUS Chapter 7 – Controlling Drawing Display & Creating Text. Title Blocks. Assignment 9 requires you to make A-size and B-size title blocks. A-Size for A-size sheets (8½x11). B-Size for B-size sheets (11x17).

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engt 122 cad i

ENGT 122 – CAD I

Title Blocks & Templates

PLUS

Chapter 7 – Controlling Drawing Display & Creating Text

title blocks
Title Blocks
  • Assignment 9 requires you to make A-size and B-size title blocks.
    • A-Size for A-size sheets (8½x11).
    • B-Size for B-size sheets (11x17).
  • The dimensions for lines & text are specified in the Outbox.
  • Text style should use an Arial font (you will soon learn what this means) and all text should be upper case.
standard title blocks elements
Standard Title Blocks Elements

Edge of Sheet

*NOTE: All text should be capitalized

Border(.7 mm)

Assignment # goes here.

Problem # or Exercise # goes here.

Sheet size (A, B, etc)

title blocks1
Title Blocks
  • The title block elements should be arranged on separate layers which can be identified as title block elements.

Example:

title blocks templates
Title Blocks & Templates
  • You should save a copy of each title block in a safe place in your network folder.
  • You can also create templates from copies of each title block file.
  • When you need to create several drawings that use the same conventions and default settings, you can save time by creating a template file instead of specifying the conventions and default settings each time you start a new drawing.
  • Read your text Chapter 17 – Templates for examples and information on template file creation and use.
title blocks templates1
Title Blocks & Templates

Conventions & settings commonly stored in template files :

  • Unit type and precision
  • Title blocks, borders, and logos
  • Layer definitions
  • Running OSNAP settings
  • Text styles (when we get to it)
  • Dimension styles (when we get to it)
  • Etc.
title blocks templates2
Title Blocks & Templates

Template Matrix :

  • It is common to have several template files for various purposes.
  • The following 2 templates make a good starting point. When using your template simply delete the title block not used:
    • English units containing A-size & B-size title blocks.
    • Metric units containing A-size & B-size title blocks.
  • English vs. Metric Default Settings
    • Different linetype file loaded (segment lengths vary)
    • Different default text height loaded.
    • Different hatch pattern file loaded (hatch size varies)
    • Different dimension style default values

T-blocks for English & Metric are similar but Metric is in millimeters

title blocks templates3
Title Blocks & Templates
  • By default, drawing template files are stored in the AutoCAD template folder, where they are easily accessible.
  • Template files have a .dwt extension.
  • To create a template file:
    • You can start with the file containing your title block(s). Add standard layers, text styles, Osnap settings, etc.
    • Save your file using SAVEAS then AutoCAD Drawing Template.
    • The file will be saved as a template file (.dwt) in the AutoCAD Template folder or you can browse to a different save location.

Select file type .dwt

title blocks templates4
Title Blocks & Templates
  • You can use the template file when you start a new drawing, and all the information stored in the file (title, block, layers, etc.) will be available.

To use your Template File:

  • Start a new drawing New
  • Select your template file (browse if necessary) and click OK. The stored data will be in your drawing.
  • Once you’ve completed your drawing, save it as a regular .dwg file in your working folder.
title block scaling
Title Block Scaling
  • In previous assignments a rectangular border was scaled up or down to determine the plot scale. Your title block should be used in the same manner.
  • Use the SCALE command to scale your border, title block, and text by the inverse of the anticipated plot scale factor.

Examples: If an A-size sheet will be used and the plot scale factor is 1:4, the title block should be scaled by a factor of 4 prior to plotting. When plotted at 1:4, the title block dimensions on paper will shrink back to their original size and match those in your title block handouts and assignment sheet.

title block scaling1
Title Block Scaling
  • Another example:

Examples: If a B-size sheet will be used and the plot scale factor is 2:1, the title block should be scaled by a factor of ½ prior to plotting. When plotted at 2:1, the title block dimensions on paper will enlarge to their original size and match those in your title block handouts and assignment sheet.

  • If the scale factor is 1:1, the title block should not be scaled.
slide12
DEMO
  • Demonstrate creating a template from file

Eng Draw Template.dwg.

    • Save to default folder
    • Save to network folder
  • Create a metric template from Metric Draw Template.dwg.
    • Copy T-blocks from English template and scale.
  • Show scaling a drawing using entire T-block as a border.
alternative title blocks
Alternative - Title Blocks
  • The title blocks specified on the assignment sheet are required. However, you may create and use an alternative title block similar to that shown which provides more drawing area.
  • If you choose to create an alternative style as well, it should be laid out according to the following files located in;

Outbox\1st Year Students\CAD I\Handouts\

    • Alt-A1-Construct.wmf
    • Alt-B1-Construct.wmf
slide15
Chapter 7:

Creating Text

creating text
Creating Text

Two primary commands for creating text:

  • Single Line Text

Command:TEXT

  • Multi-Line Text

Command:MTEXT or just T

  • Both text methods can also be accessed through the Annotation Panel.
single line text
Single Line Text
  • Single Line Text  use TEXT command.
  • Single Line Text is a misnomer – allows multiple text lines with single command, but each line is a separate object.
  • Requires the following inputs (but other options available);
    • Start Point – this is the text insertion point. Pick a location or enter coordinates from keyboard.
    • Text Height –give height by entering a value or using mouse pick (height defined by distance from start point to height pick point).
    • Rotation angle – text can be angled. Enter an angle value by entering a value (pos. =  from x-axis) or using mouse pick (angle defined by line from start point to pick point).
    • Text – Type the text to be displayed.
demo 1
DEMO 1:
  • Show TEXT command.
    • Methods for specifying height.
    • Methods for specifying rotation.
    • Multiple lines of text.
    • Identify Justify and Style Options.
exercise 1
Exercise 1:
  • Use the TEXT command to create the following.
  • All text having the same color should be made with a single TEXT command.

pick points for height

Height = 0.25

single line text1
Single Line Text

Justify Option:

  • Text you just created was Left Justified (lower left corner of text string was aligned with specified start point).
  • Justify option allows you to alter this alignment. The alignment determines what part of the text aligns with the start point.

Command: Text

Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 1.2082

Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]: J

Enter an option

[Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR]:

Justify Options

single line text2
Single Line Text

Justify Option:

  • Alignment determines what part of the text aligns with the start point.
  • Indicated points will correspond with Start Point when that option is selected.

Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR

(Left)

single line text3
Single Line Text

Justify Option:

Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR

Examples:

single line text4

 Align

 Fit

Single Line Text

Justify Option:

  • The Align & Fit options act different than other Justify options.
  • Align – text height and width are expanded to fill between 2 selected points. Height and width remain proportional. No height specification required.
  • Fit – similar to Align except Text Height is input. Height and width are not necessarily proportional.

Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR

Examples:

single line text5
Single Line Text

Justify Option:

  • A Justify option can be invoked without issuing (J)ustify. Just enter specified letter(s) identifying alignment type when Start Pointprompt appears.

Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR

Example:

Command: TEXT

Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 0.2500

Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]: BC

Specify bottom-center point of text:

….

demo 2
DEMO 2:
  • Load file Demo2.dwg
  • Show TEXT command Justify Options.
    • Justify – Center, Middle, etc.
    • Justify - Fit
    • Justify - Align
exercise 2
Exercise 2:
  • Create an 8” line and make 3 copies 2” apart.
  • Use Only the TEXT command to create text with the indicated height and position (No moving the text and no extra construction lines).
single line text6
Single Line Text

Style Option:

  • In case you don’t like the looks of the text we’ve been creating…not to worry, we can change this.
  • The Style option allows you to select another Existing style (a style must first be created using the STYLE command).
  • A new text style can be entered or a ? will display the available Existing text styles.

Command: TEXT

Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 0.2000

Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]: S

Enter style name or [?] <Standard>: Enter Name of new Style

single line text7
Single Line Text

Text Style Preset:

  • The default text style can be preset using the TextStylesdrop down in the Annotation panel.

Text Styles – lists all available styles you’ve created.

single line text8
Single Line Text

Style Command:

  • Before the Style option or Text Style Presetcan be used, a new text style must be created.

Command:STYLE

Ribbon:

  • Both methods bring up the Text Style dialog box.
demo 3a
DEMO 3A:
  • Show how to create a new text style.
  • Command:STYLE
  • Ribbon:Home > Annotation > Text Style…
  • Create a new style
  • Show Style option in TEXT command.
exercise 3
Exercise 3:
  • Use the STYLES command to create 3 new Text Styles as follows:
  • Use the Annotation Panel drop-down to make the appropriate style current and create the text below.
single line text9
Single Line Text

STYLE Command:

Important points about the STYLE command:

  • The default height is set to 0.00. If you change this value, you will not be prompted for height when TEXT is issued.
  • More flexible to leave height set to default 0.00.

Text Height:

  • Standards for text height are based on plotted size = 0.125”.
  • Plotted text height is affected by the plot scale factor.
  • To achieve the correct plotted text size, use a text height equal to 0.125” multiplied by the inverse of the plot scale factor.

Example: To achieve 1/8” plotted text for a plot scaled at 1:4. the text height in AutoCAD should be 1/2”.

single line text10
Single Line Text

Text Scaling:

  • Many times you will need to change the text height before plotting to get the correct plotted text height. The SCALETEXT command accomplishes this.

Command: SCALETEXT

Select objects: Select desired text

Enter a base point option for scaling

[Existing/Left/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR] <Existing>: Existing Start point or select other

Specify new height or [Match object/Scale factor] <0.2000>: Enter height or option.

demo 3b
DEMO 3B:
  • Load demo file Demo3B.dwg.
  • Check existing text height using PROPERTIES.
  • Find scale factor using A-size border scaling.
  • Show use of SCALETEXTvsSCALE command for scaling text.
single line text11
Single Line Text

Special Characters:

  • Some common drafting symbols require special characters. Examples:
    • Diameter symbolØ5.5 %%c
    • Degrees symbol35º %%d
    • Plus/Minus±2.21 %%p
    • UnderscoreUnderscore%%u
  • Type the control characters as specified to get the indicated symbol.
  • The underscore symbol %%u acts as a toggle. Place before and after the characters to be underscored.

AutoCAD Control Characters

demo 4
DEMO 4:
  • Show use of special characters in Single Line Text.
    • Diameter symbolØ5.5 %%c
    • Degrees symbol35º %%d
    • Plus/Minus±2.21 %%p
    • UnderscoreUnderscore%%u
    • Percentsign% %%%
exercise 4
Exercise 4:
  • Create the following text which includes special characters. Use the height and angle specified if indicated.
  • For Reference Only:
  • Ø5.5 %%c
  • 35º %%d
  • ±2.21 %%p
  • Underscore%%u
multiline text
Multiline Text

Multi-Line Text -MTEXTcommand:

  • Multi-Line Text should actually be called paragraph text.
  • Many of the same functions as TEXT command, just implemented in a different way.
  • The text object created by MTEXT is a single object regardless of the number of text lines. For single line text (TEXT), each line is a separate object.
  • Allows more formatting options than for TEXT.
multiline text1
Multiline Text
  • Creating Multiline Text
    • Command:MTEXT
    • Ribbon:
  • Both methods activate the Multiline Text Editor and a context change in the ribbon menu:
multiline text2
Multiline Text
  • Format text using context sensitive ribbon
  • Sets the general text style.
  • Sets the font for individual letters or words.
  • Sets general text height.
  • Allows formatting and color changes.
  • Text Box
    • Width of ruler indicates location for text wrap.
demo 5
DEMO 5:
  • Load file Demo 5.dwg.
  • Show MTEXT Command.
    • Text Style
    • Separate Fonts
    • Text Height
    • Color
    • Tabs and Paragraph Format
    • Expanding width (drag ruler)
exercise 5
Exercise 5:
  • Create a new text style called Ex5 using the Sans Serif font and a default text height of zero (0).
  • Use MTEXT and type the entire text using text style Ex5.
  • Then apply text formatting to modify the text as shown. The “wrap” location can be applied when you are nearly finished.
multiline text3
Multiline Text

Multiline Text - Additional Items

  • Stacked Characters – for some special effects StackedCharacters are required.
  • Text is separated by a special character and converted to stacked characters either automatically (Auto-Stack) or by use of STACK option in shortcut menu.
demo 6
DEMO 6:
  • Open file Demo6.dwg.
  • Demonstrate Stacked characters.
  • Show PROPERTIES for stacked characters.
exercise 6
Exercise 6:
  • Recreate the text in the Output Example column below using MTEXT and stacked characters
multiline text4
Multiline Text

Multiline Text

Additional Items

Right clicking in the text box displays a shortcut menu with several additional useful options.

demo 7
DEMO 7:
  • Load Demo 7.dwg.
  • Demonstrate Shortcut Menu.
    • Copy & Paste
    • Change Case
    • Symbol
      • Must have Cap Locks and AutoCaps off
    • Import Text (Demo7.txt)
editing text
Editing Text

Methods to Edit Text:

  • DDEDIT command
    • Select a text object as directed.
    • Text dialog box used to create the text will appear.
    • Make necessary changes and click OK.
    • Select next text to edit, etc.
  • Double Click on text
    • Performs the same way as DDEDIT.
  • PROPERTIES Command
    • Use Properties dialog box to make changes to content, style, height, etc.
demo 8
DEMO 8:
  • Load file Demo 8.dwg
  • Demonstrate text edit using DDEDIT
  • Demonstrate text edit by double click.
  • Demonstrate text edit by PROPERTIES.