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U.S. Durum Wheat Availability and Quality Situation . October 24, 2005. Neal Fisher, Administrator N.D. Wheat Commission 4023 State Street Bismarck, N.D, 58503-0690 Phone: 701.328.5111 Fax: 701.328.5115 email: ndwheat@ndwheat.com website: www.ndwheat.com. WORLD DURUM PRODUCTION

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slide1

U.S. Durum Wheat Availability and Quality Situation

October 24, 2005

Neal Fisher, Administrator

N.D. Wheat Commission

4023 State Street

Bismarck, N.D, 58503-0690

Phone: 701.328.5111

Fax: 701.328.5115

email: ndwheat@ndwheat.com

website: www.ndwheat.com

slide3

WORLD DURUM PRODUCTION-MAP

(Million Metric Tons)

Source: USDA & International Grains Council

10/12/05

NF51.xls

slide4

Durum Stocks In Major Exporting

Countries - U.S., Canada, European Union

slide5

World Durum Exports

*Others includes Turkey, Syria, Mexico & Australia

slide6

U.S. DURUM

PLANTINGS & PRODUCTION

Hectares/Tons

slide14

U.S. NORTHERN DURUM

2005 Quality

Based on approximately 290 durum samples collected during harvest. Samples are random and represent individual fields.

  • Montana
  • North Dakota

Source: North Dakota State University

Hard Red Spring wheat Quality Lab

Durum wheat Quality Lab

Plant Sciences Department

slide15

Durum: 2005 Overview

  • Planting
    • Rapid planting pace
    • 60% seeded by May 15
  • Growing season
    • Excellent growing conditions
    • Above average moisture, limited disease issues
    • Some areas in the south and west suffered from heat during kernel development
  • Harvest
    • Rapid harvest - double 2004 pace
    • Some rain delays in areas, but generally near ideal harvest
  • Overall
    • Crop average #1 HAD with high falling number
    • Well above average yields but lower protein content
    • Improved semolina yield and pasta color
slide17

DURUM: Thousand Kernel Weight

2005 regional thousand kernel weight is 35.5 grams.

slide18

U.S. & CANADIAN

DURUM PROTEIN LEVELS

slide20

DURUM:Dockage Content

2005 regional average dockage content is 1.5 percent.

slide21

DURUM: Falling Number

2005 regional average falling number is 378 seconds.

slide22

DURUM: Total Defects

2005 regional average total defects is 2.2 percent.

slide24

DURUM: 2005 Vitreous Kernels

by Crop Area

94%

84%

94%

Montana A-B

95%

76%

73%

slide25

DURUM: Quantity Estimate

by Grade

71% grades 2HAD or better.

slide26

DURUM WHEAT

Milling and Pasta Processing Characteristics

Source: Department of Cereal Science,

North Dakota State University, Fargo

slide28

DURUM: Semolina

Mixing Strength

Reference Mixograms

slide31

U.S. DESERT DURUM

  • Desert Durum® - A trademark of Arizona Grain Research and Promotion Council and the California Wheat Commission.
    • Applies only to durum produced in AZ and CA.
    • Planted in December-February and harvested in May and June.
    • Typically sold on variety or identity preserved basis.
    • Large share of production is contracted prior to planting.
    • Low moisture, uniform large kernels and very strong gluten are features of the crop.
  • California
  • Arizona

Additional information is available on the California Wheat Commission website www.californiawheat.org

slide32

DESERT DURUM

4-YR Production Trend

  • 2005 acres were sharply lower due to untimely rains at planting
  • Growing season was generally cool
  • 2006 plantings still uncertain - due to lower prices and higher input costs

Source: California Wheat Commission and USW

slide33

DESERT DURUM

Wheat Protein Content

(12% Moisture Basis)

slide34

DESERT DURUM

Test Weight

slide35

DESERT DURUM

Semolina Extraction

slide36

DESERT DURUM

Pasta Color Score