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Fast Day Sermons . By: B.M. Palmer, M.J. Raphall, and Henry Ward Beecher. Historical context of document. January 4, 1861 President James Buchanan called upon the nation’s ministers to lead their congregations in a day of fasting

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fast day sermons

Fast Day Sermons

By: B.M. Palmer, M.J. Raphall, and Henry Ward Beecher

historical context of document
Historical context of document
  • January 4, 1861
  • President James Buchanan called upon the nation’s ministers to lead their congregations in a day of fasting
  • Were asked to address the religious context of nation’s probable dissolution
  • All identified slavery whether North or South
background b m palmer
Background: B.M. Palmer
  • Southern Preacher in New Orleans, and one of the leading Presbyterians of the South.
  • Born in Charleston, SC on January 25, 1818.
  • Attended Theological Seminary from 1839-41
  • First pastorate was in Savannah, GA from 1841-42.
  • Last church, First Presbyterian of New Orleans in 1856.
  • Died in 1902, when struck by a car.
background m j raphall
Background: M.J. Raphall
  • Presided over Jewish Synagogue of New York.
background henry ward beecher
Background: Henry Ward Beecher
  • Born in 1813
  • Graduated from Amherst College 1834
  • Lane Theological Seminary
  • Early impulses were directed at improving social conditions in west.
  • Scandal event in 19th century Brooklyn, having relationship with Theodore Tilton’s wife, a member of his church
main points from palmer
Main Points from Palmer
  • It is the South’s duty to protect them so freedom would not be good for the slaves.
  • Slavery is a matter of self-preservation for the South.
  • “The Abolition spirit is undeniably atheistic.”
main points from raphall
Main Points from Raphall
  • He condemns the North for denouncing the South for slavery on religious grounds, he says the bible allows for slavery.
  • Used examples from the bible to back his sermon. “Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s house, or his field, or his male slave, or his female slave, or his ox, or his ass, or aught that belongeth to thy neighbor” (Ibid.xx 17;v.21).
main points from beecher
Main Points from Beecher
  • The sins of the South are also the sins of the North. “In one age they break out in one way, and in another age in another way; but they are the same central sins, after all.”
  • Shows the North racism with Indians and Mexicans. “I should neglect to mentions the sins of this nations against the Indians, who as much as the slave is dumb, but who, unlike the slave, has almost none to think of him, and to speak of his wrongs.”
  • Because the South is greedy and loves money this evil happened.
questions
Questions
  • Do you think that a slave is the same thing as a servant?
  • Any other questions?