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Mechanics and Style. Consistency Capitalization Italics Abbreviations Acronyms and initializations Numbers Enumeration Equations. Consistency. Capitalization Italics Abbreviations Acronyms and initializations Numbering sequences Symbols Equations Spelling . Capitalization.

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Mechanics and Style

- Consistency
- Capitalization
- Italics
- Abbreviations
- Acronyms and initializations
- Numbers
- Enumeration
- Equations

Consistency

- Capitalization
- Italics
- Abbreviations
- Acronyms and initializations
- Numbering sequences
- Symbols
- Equations
- Spelling

Capitalization

- Capitalize the first word in a sentence
- Capitalize proper nouns
- Capitalize titles of books, periodicals, published and unpublished reports, articles, and document sections according to IEEE guidelines
- Capitalize references to specific figures, tables, chapters, sections and equations

Italics

- Italicize titles of journals, books, newsletters, and manuals
- Italicize letters, words, terms, and equation symbols
- Italicize foreign words
- Italicize words or phrases being emphasized
- Italicize names of specific vessels

Abbreviations

- Abbreviate terms and words in graphics and bibliographies
- Abbreviate certain words and phrases in your text
- Abbreviate standard units of measure
- Avoid inventing abbreviations

Acronyms and Initializations

- Capitalize acronyms and do not use periods. (When acronyms become integrated into the language as common nouns, e.g., laser or radar, they are no longer capitalized.)
- Spell out the phrase and follow it with the acronym or initialization in parentheses when using the acronym for the first time. Then use the acronym by itself:
- Hypertext markup language (HTML) is a common programming language. Most graduate students are familiar with HTML.

Acronyms and Initializations (2)

- Provide a list of terms in the front matter of the document (if numerous acronyms and initializations appear in the document)
- Form the plural of an acronym by adding –s without an apostrophe:
- GTAs
- PALs

Numbers

- Spell out a number if it begins a sentence
- Four students made 100 on the test.
- Fifteen students will give their presentations today.

- Spell out the pronoun one
- One is expected to give five oral presentations.
- When one speaks, it is important to make lingering eye contact with the audience.

- Use numerals for dates, time of day, pages, figures, and notes

Numbers (2)

- Use Arabic numerals followed by a percent sign (%) to express percentages (except at the beginning of a sentence):
- His number of filler words decreased by 17%.
- Ninety-five percent of all students will improve their oral presentation scores on their final presentation.

- Spell out the first number when one number immediately follows another in a sentence:
- The circuit used two 2-bit adders.
- The circuit used three 2-bit adders.

Numbers (3)

- Use the following guidelines for forming American and British numbers:
- Form integers of two to four digits without any punctuation or spacing:
- 74 741 7415

- Use a period (.) to indicate the decimal point and use an initial zero (0) for numbers less than 1.0:
- 74.5 7.452 0.254

- Form numbers of five digits or more by using a comma (,) to mark off groups of three digits, starting at the decimal point:
- 27,451 70,000 700,254.51

- Form integers of two to four digits without any punctuation or spacing:

Numbers (4)

- Use the following guidelines for forming international numbers:
- Form integers of two to four digits without any punctuation or spacing:
- 74 741 7415

- Use the comma (,) to indicate the decimal point and use an initial zero (0) for numbers less than 1.0:
- 74,5 7,452 0,254

- Separate numbers of five digits or more by using a period (.) to mark off groups of three digits, starting at the decimal point:
- 27.451 70.000 700.254,51

- Form integers of two to four digits without any punctuation or spacing:

Numbers (5)

- Adopt one of the following formats for writing numbers:
- Use Arabic numerals instead of words for both cardinal and ordinal numbers:
- 4 chips 4th chip

- Write out numbers between one and ten and two-word fractions that do not follow an integer:
- Four chips 1 ½ hours one-half hour

- Use Arabic numerals instead of words for both cardinal and ordinal numbers:

Enumeration

- Use enumeration in documents to identify sequences of chapters, sections, page numbers, figures and tables, equations, footnotes, and appendixes.

Chapter/Section/and Outline Enumeration

- 1
- 1.1
- 1.2
- 1.2.1
- 1.2.2

- 2
- 2.1
- 2.2

- 3
- 3.1
- 3.2

Pagination

- Front matter: use lower case Roman numerals
- ( i, ii, iii, iv, v, etc.)

- Body: use Arabic numerals sequentially throughout starting with page 1 (do not show the page number on page 1)
- End matter: continue the sequential Arabic numerals begun in the body of the document

Figures

- Number sequentially using Arabic numerals (no decimals)
- Capitalize the word figure when a number follows it
- Do not abbreviate the word figure
- Follow the figure numberwith a period (.), skip a space, and begin the title with a capital letter
- Begin the figure title at the left edge of the figure
- Put the figure title under the figure
- Put the figure title inside the lines surrounding the figure
- Write the title as though it were a sentence – capitalize only proper nouns and the first letter of the first word

Tables

- Number sequentially using Arabic numerals (no decimals)
- Capitalize the word table when a number follows it
- Do not abbreviate the word table
- Follow the word table with a period (.), skip a space, and begin the title with a capital letter
- Center the table title at the top of the table
- Put the table title inside the lines surrounding the table
- Capitalize only proper nouns and the first letter of the first word in the title

Equations

- Number sequentially all equations discussed in the text
- Do not number equations that are part of a series of intermediate steps and that are ot specifically discussed
- Use the abbreviation Eq. followed by an Arabic numeral to number equations

Equations (2)

- Integrate equations into the body of the document by including in the text one or more explicit references to each equation
- Include only the primary equations in the body of the document (detailed derivations and calculations correctly belong in appendices)
- Set off equations from the text by displaying them centered on the longest line, and with equation numbers
- The number of the equation is set flush right and is enclosed in parentheses

References

- Number references chronologically (according to the order in which they appear in the text)

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