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Madisonian Model and Ratification. Lineberry, Popp and Collins. The Madisonian Model. To prevent a tyranny of the majority, Madison proposed a government of: Limiting Majority Control Separating Powers Creating Checks and Balances Establishing a Federal System. The Madisonian Model.

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Madisonian model and ratification

Madisonian Model and Ratification

Lineberry, Popp and Collins

The madisonian model
The Madisonian Model

  • To prevent a tyranny of the majority, Madison proposed a government of:

    • Limiting Majority Control

    • Separating Powers

    • Creating Checks and Balances

    • Establishing a Federal System

The madisonian model1
The Madisonian Model

  • The Constitution and the Electoral Process: The Original Plan (Figure 2.2)

The madisonian model3
The Madisonian Model

  • The Constitutional Republic

    • Republic: A form of government in which the people select representatives to govern them and make laws

    • Favors the status quo – change is slow

  • The End of the Beginning

    • The document was approved, but not unanimously. Now it had to be ratified.

Ratifying the constitution1
Ratifying the Constitution

  • Ratification

    • Lacking majority support, the Federalists specified that the Constitution be ratified by state conventions, not state legislatures.

    • Delaware first ratified the Constitution on December 7, 1787.

    • New Hampshire’s approval (the ninth state to ratify) made the Constitution official six months later.

    • Needed Virginia and New York, large eco and powerful states, to ratify also – used Federalist Papers as ratification propaganda

      • Important today as guide to interpretation and FF intent

Constitutional change1
Constitutional Change

  • The Informal Process of Constitutional Change

    • Judicial Interpretation

      • Marbury v. Madison (1803): judicial review

    • Changing Political Practice

    • Technology

    • Increasing Demands on Policymakers

The importance of flexibility
The Importance of Flexibility

  • The Constitution is short, with fewer than 8,000 words.

  • It does not prescribe every detail.

    • There is no mention of congressional committees or independent regulatory commissions.

  • The Constitution is not static, but flexible for future generations to determine their own needs.

Understanding the constitution
Understanding the Constitution

  • The Constitution and Democracy

    • The Constitution is rarely described as democratic!!

    • There has been a gradual democratization of the Constitution.

  • The Constitution and the Scope of Government

    • Much of the Constitution reinforces individualism and provides multiple access points for citizens.

    • It also encourages stalemate and limits government.


  • The Constitution was ratified to strengthen congressional economic powers, even with disagreements over issues of equality.

  • Protection of individual rights guaranteed through the Bill of Rights.

  • Formal and informal changes continue to shape our Madisonian system of government.