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Invest in Kids. Andrea McGuire, MD, MBA Chief Medical Officer American Republic Insurance Company. Iowa Early Care, Health and Education Day on the Hill Feb 2007. Why talk about Brain Research?. Data Driven Evidence Based Findings relate to Actions. Early Childhood Brain Research.

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invest in kids

Invest in Kids

Andrea McGuire, MD, MBA

Chief Medical Officer

American Republic Insurance Company

Iowa Early Care, Health and Education Day on the Hill Feb 2007

why talk about brain research
Why talk about Brain Research?
  • Data Driven
  • Evidence Based
  • Findings relate to Actions
early childhood brain research
Early ChildhoodBrain Research
  • Brain Anatomy,Cellular function and neuropathways
  • Brain Research Studies of Early Childhood
  • Conclusions
slide9
Newborn Brain Pet Scans*

* Harry T. Chugani - Biological Basis of Emotions: Brain Systems and Brain Development - Pediatrics, Nov 1998; 102: 1225.

slide10
2-3 months*

* Harry T. Chugani - Biological Basis of Emotions: Brain Systems and Brain Development - Pediatrics, Nov 1998; 102: 1225.

slide11
8 months*

* Harry T. Chugani - Biological Basis of Emotions: Brain Systems and Brain Development - Pediatrics, Nov 1998; 102: 1225.

slide12
Scott Grafton, M.D. - Dept. of Neurology and Dept. of Radiology - University of Southern California

John Mazziotta, M.D., Ph.D. - Dept. of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology and Dept. of Neurology - UCLA School of Medicine

slide13
Scott Grafton, M.D. - Dept. of Neurology and Dept. of Radiology - University of Southern California

John Mazziotta, M.D., Ph.D. - Dept. of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology and Dept. of Neurology - UCLA School of Medicine

slide14
frontal lobe

visual cortex

Synapse production & pruning

# synapses

0

4

8

12

16

20

40

60

80

age in years

slide16
Resting

Scott Grafton, M.D. - Dept. of Neurology and Dept. of Radiology - University of Southern California

John Mazziotta, M.D., Ph.D. - Dept. of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology and Dept. of Neurology - UCLA School of Medicine

slide17
Hearing

Scott Grafton, M.D. - Dept. of Neurology and Dept. of Radiology - University of Southern California

John Mazziotta, M.D., Ph.D. - Dept. of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology and Dept. of Neurology - UCLA School of Medicine

visual
Visual

Scott Grafton, M.D. - Dept. of Neurology and Dept. of Radiology - University of Southern California

John Mazziotta, M.D., Ph.D. - Dept. of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology and Dept. of Neurology - UCLA School of Medicine

slide19
Thinking task

Scott Grafton, M.D. - Dept. of Neurology and Dept. of Radiology - University of Southern California

John Mazziotta, M.D., Ph.D. - Dept. of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology and Dept. of Neurology - UCLA School of Medicine

later recall
Later Recall

Scott Grafton, M.D. - Dept. of Neurology and Dept. of Radiology - University of Southern California

John Mazziotta, M.D., Ph.D. - Dept. of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology and Dept. of Neurology - UCLA School of Medicine

slide22
Florida State University, Center for Educational Enhancement & Development, Wil Bechman, M.D., 1998.
slide23
The Child Development and Public Expenditures chart source is researchers at the RAND Corporation (see Investing in our Children in section 4).

Brain development curve Figure 2.4 in D. Purves, Body and Brain, Harvard University Press, 1988.

Public spending on children from Table 1 in R. Haverman and B. Wolfe, "Determinants of Children's Attainments: A Review of Methods and Findings,"

Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 33, December 1995

conclusions
Conclusions
  • Window of Opportunity
  • Return on investment
  • Nurture and Protect our Children
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