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Establishment of Association of World Election Bodies. Contents. Background Progress Outcomes for the 3 rd Working Group Meeting for A-WEB IV. Future Plans. Ⅰ. Background. Ⅰ. Background of Suggesting the International Organization by NEC of Korea.

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Contents

  • Background
  • Progress
  • Outcomes for the 3rd Working Group Meeting for A-WEB
  • IV. Future Plans
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Ⅰ.Background of Suggesting the International Organization by NEC of Korea

(1) History of Political Development In Korea

Economic Development

· Newborn independent country after the World War Ⅱ

· in 1950: Civil War between North and South Korea for 3 years

·Fluctuations in GNP per capita

- in 1954($67), in1955($65)

- in 2002: $33,000 [measured by purchasing power parity per capita)

Democratic Development

·Military Dictatorship : Authoritarian leadership for 20 years

·3 Pro-Democracy Movements : in1960, 1980 & 1987

- Movements resulting in→ a number of sacrifices made

- Constitutional Amendment to include direct election system

(in1987) : Institutional democracy achieved

·Roles the NEC has played

- improve electoral laws, execute political laws fairly

- gain public trust, actual democracy achieved`

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Ⅰ.Background of Suggesting the International Organization by NEC of Korea

(2) International Exchanges

Vigorously Promoted by NEC

International Exchange

· Vigorous exchange and cooperation with each country

※ Signed a Memorandum of Understandingwith 15 organizations /

Participated in 34 international election observation programs

· Various activities as a current chair country of AAEA

Support for Emerging Democracies

· Support for electoral system and legislative process in

each country

· Training programs for electoral officials in each country

※ 25 programs run for 317 persons in 41 countries as of 2012

The NEC has felt the need for more systematic international exchange and cooperation

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Ⅱ.Challenges Faced by Existing International Organizations

& Issues of International Exchange

  • Limitations against
  • Existing International Organization

· Lack of global exchange of information and feedback

Activities by Regional Election-related Associations

· Non-professional EMBs and insufficient capacity building

Activities of International Organizations (Governmental Organizations)

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Ⅱ.

Challenges Faced by Existing International Organizations

& Issues of International Exchange

(2) Limitation on Exchange of

Election-related Information in Each Country

·Restrictions on comparison / study of electoral systems in

each country

No Existing Integrated Database

Language Barrier

·Common Language (eg. English) as well as Native Tongues

Required for Management

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Ⅱ.Challenges Faced by Existing International Organizations

& Issues of International Exchange

(3) Limitation on Support

at National Level for Emerging Democracies

No Long-term Plans

·One-time and sporadic support

·Concern over dependency relationship growing between

donor and recipient countries

Inter-dependence among Countries

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Ⅲ.

Alternatives

Strengthen sharing of election-related information among countries

Limitation on Exchange of Election-related Information in Each Country

(A-WEB)

Increase exchange & collaboration in the field of election

Limitation on Support

for

Emerging Democracies

Provide systematic support for elections in emerging democracies

Advance elections through joint research

Limitation on Existing Organizational Structure

Promote democracy around the world

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Ⅱ.

Progress

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Ⅰ.Holding for the Forum on the Establishment of A-WEB

Overview

❍ Date and Place: Seoul in October, 2011

❍ Attendance: 53 representatives

(from 23 nations & international organizations)

❍ Outcomes : Adopt the Resolution to establish

A-WEB

Outcomes

❍ Decide its name tentatively as the Association of World Election Bodies

❍ Discuss practical roles and ways to finance for A-WEB

❍ Consensus on the necessity for A-WEB ; agree on exchange and cooperation

among all EMBs around the world by organizing the Working Group and

studying the feasibility of its implementation

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Ⅱ.Working Group Organized for Launch of A-WEB

Qualification as Participants

❍ Participants: Election-related international organizations and both the chair

and the vice-chair from each regional association

※ The chair of the regional association can recommend one of its member nations as

a representative for the Working Group meeting when there is no vice-chair.

Guidelines for the Working Group

❍ Study and proposals on roles, structures, future plans and activities agreed

upon through the forum on the establishment of A-WEB

❍ The chair of each regional association should ask its members in advance

about their opinions on the agenda to be handled in the Working Group

meeting. Opinions of each regional association will be put up for a follow-

up discussion during the Working Group meeting.

❍ Working-level representatives (with positions at Director-General level or

above) from each organization and association composes the Working

Group.

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Ⅲ.The 1st Working Group Meeting for A-WEB

Overview

❍ Date and Place : The National Election Commission, Republic of Korea (Seoul)

in May, 2012

❍ Attendance: 15 representatives (from 8 electoral organizations)

※ AAEA(4), ACEO(2), ACEEEO(2), UNIORE(2), IFES(1), IIDEA(2), EISA(1), UNDP(1)

Outcomes

❍ Consensus for A-WEB’s Vision and Mission

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Ⅳ.The 2nd Working Group Meeting for A-WEB

Overview

❍ Date and Place: Bosnia-Herzegovina in September, 2012

❍ Attendance: 14 representatives (from 8 organizations)

※ AAEA(3), ACEEEO(3), SADC(1), UNIORE(1), CDD(1), EISA(2), IIDEA(1), UNDP(2)

Outcomes

❍ Consensus on roles, membership, structures and financing of A-WEB

❍ The NEC of Korea will provide secretariat functions till the General Assembly

meets and decides about Secretariat

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Ⅰ.Outcomes for the 3rd Working Group Meeting for A-WEB

Overview

❍ Date and Place: Jeju Island in March, 2013

❍ Attendance: 11 representatives (from 9 organizations)

※ AAEA(3), ACEEEO(1), SADC(1), UNIORE(2), IFES(1), EISA(1), IIDEA(1), UNDP(1)

Outcomes

❍ Consensus for the A-WEB Charter

❍ Discussions on roles of the Working Group for a successful launch of A-WEB

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Ⅱ.Main Points of the A-WEB Charter (1)

Main Points

❍ [VISION] To foster efficiency and effectiveness in conducting free, fair,

transparent and participative elections worldwide

❍ 【Mission】 To identify latest trends, challenges and developments in democratic

electoral management and electoral processes and to facilitate

appropriate exchange of experience and expertise among members

with the objective of strengthening electoral democracy worldwide

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Ⅱ.Main Points of the A-WEB Charter (2)

Main Points

❍ 【Objectives】

- Encourage the development of a democratic culture to hold free and fairelections;

- Encourage the development of electoral laws that adhere to internationally accepted

principles for election management;

- Promote supportive relationships between election management bodies and election

stakeholders;

- Facilitate access to and sharing of election information;

- Encourage capacity building programs of election management bodies;

- Establish relations with other organizations with similar objectives;

- Support and facilitate election observation programs on the request of members; and

- Perform other functions that are supportive of the above-mentioned objectives.

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Ⅱ.Main Points of the A-WEB Charter (3)

Main Points

❍ 【Type of Entity】 A non-political, autonomous and independent association

comprising election bodies around the world while not

interfering with the sovereignty of any country

❍ 【Composition】 National election management bodies of all countries

❍ 【Organs】 The General Assembly, the Executive Board and the Secretariat

❍ 【The General Assembly】 Held once every two years

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Ⅱ.Main Points of the A-WEB Charter (4)

Main Points

❍ 【The Executive Board】 Not more than 10 election management bodies elected at the General

Assembly; the Chairperson ; the Vice-Chairperson ; and the Secretary General

-(Term of Office)Except for the Secretary General, the Executive Board members shall serve a

two-year term of office and shall serve a maximum of two consecutive terms

❍ 【The Chairperson】Head of the election management body that hosts the General Assembly

❍ 【The Vice-Chairperson】Head of the election management body to host the next General

Assembly

❍ 【The Secretary-General】 The General Assembly shall approve the appointment of the Secretary

General taking into account the recommendation of the Executive

Board following the suggestion by the Head of the Election

Management Body of the Country where the Secretariat is located.

- (Term of Office) four years and may serve a maximum of two consecutive terms

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Ⅱ.The Main Points of the A-WEB Charter (5)

Main Points

❍ 【The Secretariat】 The seat of the Secretariat shall be situated in the Republic of Korea.

-(Composition)The Secretariat’s staff shall be multinational and consist of

appropriately qualified individuals and shall represent a

balance of nationalities, gender and people with disability.

-(Operation costs of the Secretariat) The election management body in the

country where the Secretariat is located will bear the costs for

leasing and maintaining the office building and for facilitating

the operation of the Secretariat.

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Ⅰ.Launch for the A-WEB Inaugural Assembly & the 6th GEO Conference

Overview

❍ Date and Place : October 14 ~ 17, 2013(Song-do International City, Incheon, Korea)

❍ Attendance: 400 representatives and distinguished guests(from around 150 EMBs

and relevant international organizations)

Main Substance

❍ The A-WEB Inaugural Assembly

- Adopt the Charter and proclaim the establishment of A-WEB

- Select the Chairperson, the Vice-Chairperson and make up the Executive Board

- Confirm the seat of the Secretariat lastly

❍ Holding of the 6th GEO Conference

- Theme: 「Sustainable Electoral Processes, Strengthening Democracy」

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Ⅱ. Need for Cooperation

Join ·Participate

Cooperate · Support

Department of International Electoral Affairs

The National Election Commission of ROK

Tel : +82-2-503-0883

E-mail : necvote@gmail.com