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The Easter Rising

The Easter Rising

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The Easter Rising

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  1. The Easter Rising By Rebecca Gallagher

  2. About The Easter Rising • This project is about the Easter Rising, one of the most major events in Irish history • Ireland was under British rule since the Act of Union in 1801 • This meant that the Irish/English parliament was now in Westminister, England

  3. The Irish Republican Brotherhood • James Stephens along with John O’Mahony set up an association known as the IRB (Irish Republican Brotherhood) in 1858. • This was to try and get Irish independence so that Ireland could be it’s own republic!

  4. The Unsuccessful IRB Rebellion • In 1867 the IRB started a rebellion. Sadly this was unsuccessful • Because of this they were forced to be a secret society

  5. The Volunteers • In July & August 1914 guns and other arms landed in Howth, Co. Dublin and Kilcoole , Co. Wicklow • When World War 1 began, the English went off to fight with the French so Eoin MacNeill decided to attack Britain at their weakest,but John Redmond wanted to fight with France. These were called the Irish and National Volunteers.

  6. The Irish Citizen Army • In November 1913 the ‘Irish Citizen Army’ was formed. It was founded by James Connolly to protect workers from being badly treated by their employers. • After a while they began to arm themselves with guns and bombs. • The Irish Citizen Army & The Volunteers saw that they were after the same things. They fought together in 1916.

  7. Planning The Rising • The IRB began planning a Rising • The men who planned it were Patrick Pearse, Eamonn Ceannt, Joseph Plunkett, Thomas Clarke, Sean Mac Dermott, James Connolly and Thomas Mac Donagh • They did this in secret • The date of the Rising was to be: Easter Sunday 1916 • These men were also to be the signatories of the proclamation

  8. The Disagreement • The Volunteers disagreed on the rising. MacNeill did not want it to go on unless they would win. • However Roger Casement still went to Germany to ask for arms. They agreed as the Germans were against the English too. • When the ship arrived the British intercepted & the captain had to sink the ship in case they got the guns.

  9. The Confusion • When MacNeill heard that the others were still planning the rising behind his back he became very angry • He wrote orders cancelling the rising in the paper.Yet Mac Donagh and Pearse sent out a letter stating that it was on! • This caused great confusion among the people

  10. The Irish Republic • On this Easter Monday the Volunteers, the Irish Citizen Army and Cumann na mBan gathered together at Liberty Hall • By afternoon they had taken over 6 main buildings The GPO, The Four Courts, Boland's Mill, St. Stephens Green, Jacob’s Factory and South Dublin Union. • Pearse read the Proclamation on the steps of the GPO • They also replaced the British flag with the Irish one

  11. Tuesday 25th of April • Not only Dublin, but the whole of Ireland was put under martial law • No newspapers or post entered Dublin • The English took over Trinity College and the Shelbourne Hotel

  12. Wednesday 26th of April • By Wednesday the rebels were greatly out-numbered • A gun boat named the ‘Helga’ came up the Liffey. It bombed Liberty Hall • There was very terrible and violent fighting reported at Mount Street Bridge

  13. Thursday 27th of April • A British General Maxwell came to Ireland and took over • Most of O’Connell Street was ruined or in flames • James Connolly was shot in the ankle but the others helped him back to the GPO • Constance Markievicz & Casement were captured. While in an English jail Casement was shot

  14. Friday 28th of April • Two important buildings, The Imperial Hotel and Clery’s Department Store collapsed. • People heard the rebels singing ‘The Soldiers Song’ which later became our national anthem • The GPO was set on fire and the rebels had to leave their headquarters

  15. Saturday 29th of April • Pearse did not want any more death so he agreed to surrender • Elizabeth O’Farrell, another Volunteer walked through O’Connell Street waving a white flag • By seven o’clock all was calm. • 400 had died, 2000 injured and Dublin was ruined

  16. How It All Ended • 3000 people were arrested. • 90 were sentenced to death. The 7 leaders and 8 others were shot by a firing squad • The people’s opinion of the leaders quickly changed: When alive, just 7 men ruining Dublin. When dead, 7 heroes.

  17. A Romantic Ending • Plunkett was engaged to a woman named Grace Gifford • Their wedding was postponed as Plunkett was very ill & because of the Rising • They wanted to get married so they had to get married at 1:30am. • They only had 10 minutes together before Plunkett was executed

  18. Goodbye! • Thank you for reading my presentation. I hope you enjoyed it and learned a lot about the 1916 Rising. • BYE!!!!!