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The climate baseline review

The Climate Baseline Review

Capacity Development PackageStandard presentation




  • Objectives

  • Steps

  • Climate Issues

  • Mapping exercise

  • Summary


To support understanding of function, structure and set up of a Baseline Review process and guide the adequate support to local and regional governments in carrying out a Climate Baseline Review

Steps of the integrated management process where are we now
Steps of the integrated management process: where are we now?

  • * LEGEND

  • = complete

  • = in progress

     = not started

Planning the baseline review steps to perform a baseline review
Planning the Baseline Review:Steps to perform a Baseline Review

  • Planning the Baseline Review

    • Structure according to Aalborg Commitments ?

    • Structure according to Municipal Services ?

    • SWOT – Analysis

    • Involve the right people - appropriately

  • Map the local situation

    • Mapping the policy framework (egal requirements, Political priorities & commitments, Emerging issues and trends)

    • Mapping the organisational set-up (Responsibilities and organisational set-up, Existing instruments and systems, Stakeholder landscape )

    • Maping the local climate change impacts (Energy generation & consumption patterns, Greenhouse gas emissions, Significant climate aspects of municipal operations, Climate change impacts, Vulnerabilities, risks and opportunities)

  • Evaluate the local situation

  • Present the findings

Planning the baseline review the first important step
Planning the Baseline Review: The first important step

  • To analyse in which condition the environment /sustainability in the municipality is at present

  • Regularly repeating part of every EMS/ SUM = continuous and dynamic process Getting started although some information will still be missing

  • It is no obstacle if the data can not be completed within the first run. Based on the information and data available the first sustainability programme (management plan) can be drawn up

  • Necessary to define measures that refer to the creation of reference data and indicators that are not available at this point

  • Important to renew the “assessment of the local situation” on a current basis and to add new information regularly

Planning the baseline review definition of the scope
Planning the Baseline Review: Definition of the scope

The ‘Whole functional urban area’:

  • all relevant impacts on sustainable development of the municipality are to be considered

  • impacts within the municipality’s responsibility (involving the private economy and citizens)

  • as well as the impact of activities of all actors (municipality and stakeholders) on neighbouring municipalities and cities

Planning the baseline review definition of contents
Planning the Baseline Review: Definition of contents

  • According to Aalborg Commitments:10 fields of action and 50 key activities for municipal sustainable development

  • According to typical” organisational structure of a municipality = municipality services and responsabilities

  • Direct and indirect aspects of sustainability (Environment, Society, Economy)

Planning the baseline review climate change and aalborg commitments

Local to Global

Social Equity & Justice

Governance& Management

Vibrant & Sustainable Local Economy

Natural Common Goods




Issue:Climate ChangeMitigation & Adaptation


Local Actionfor Health


Responsible Consumption, Lifestyle Choices

Better Mobility, Less Traffic


Planning the Baseline Review: Climate Change and Aalborg Commitments

Planning the baseline review climate change and municipal services







Issue:Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation







Soil & Land-use

Economy &Tourism

Planning the Baseline Review: Climate Change and Municipal Services

Mapping the local situation policy framework
Mapping the Local Situation:Policy Framework

  • The Baseline Review serves to determine how the requirements set in current legislation are implemented. Every municipality department /service should elaborate an index of relevant legislation that the community is obliged to fulfil or to take into account.

  • The Baseline Review should describe the current structure implemented to make sure that relevant legislation is accessible for all staff and that is updated at regular intervals.

Mapping the local situation existing instruments
Mapping the Local Situation:Existing Instruments)

Mapping the local situation who is at stake

Cultural Development

Communications/Public Relations

Urban Planning/Development

Regional Planning /Development

Corporate Planning

Engineering Services

Building and construction/Certification

Properties/Property Development

Human Resources

Asset Management

Finance and insurance


Project Management

Regional/local economy

Tourism and leisure activities


Mapping the Local Situation:Who is at stake?

  • Health & Safety

  • Emergency & Risk Management

  • Environment/ Sustainability Management

  • Waste management

  • Water resources management

  • Soil protection and biodiversity conservation, green spaces

  • Flood and coastal zone management

  • Energy supply and consumption

  • Children & Family Services

  • Aged Services

  • Governance

  • Civic Services/Governance Executives

  • Quality Management Systems

  • Community Engagement

  • Community, social life and neighbourhood management

Mapping local climate change impacts climate baseline review
Mapping Local Climate Change ImpactsClimate Baseline Review


  • Baseline Energy Inventory

  • Baseline Emission Inventory

  • Significant Climate Aspects

  • Climate Change Impacts

  • Vulnerability Assessment

The climate baseline review1
The 'Climate Baseline Review'

  • Review issues from the perspective of climate mitigation and adaptation

  • For relevant issues or priorities perform sectorial inventories as part of the Aalborg Commitment Baseline Review

    • eg. Baseline Energy Inventory

    • eg. Climate Vulnerability Inventory

    • eg. Carbon Inventory

The climate baseline review ghg inventory
The 'Climate Baseline Review:GHG Inventory

  • itemised report on GHG emissions from all sources

  • based on national & international standards with a local government focus

  • used to help prioritise activities<- review the big emitters first

  • used for measuring results of actions

  • has two components:

    • (a) government operations emissions inventory

    • (b) community emissions analysis

The climate baseline review ghg inventory emissions profile example
The 'Climate Baseline Review: GHG Inventory: Emissions Profile / Example

The climate baseline review ghg inventory prioritise actions
The 'Climate Baseline Review: GHG Inventory- prioritise Actions

Electricity Use by Location

12 Months Feb 2005 - Jan 2006

Port ChalmersPool

TOU metering (Blue)

Tahuana (HV)

Mosgiel Pool

Otago Settlers

Salt Water pool

Dunedin Centre

Upper Gardens


Pump supply Waipori

Deka Building

Southern Reservior

Outram Water Bores

Carlyle Road

Puddle Alley

Brinsdon Rd

Rona St

Art Gallery

Civic Centre

WPCP Tahuna


Moana Pool

Green Island









The climate baseline review ghg inventory tools


The 'Climate Baseline Review: GHG Inventory: Tools

  • ICLEI – Local Governments: International Local Government Greenhouse Gas Protocol (

  • Climate Alliance: The Eco2Region (

  • Covenant of Mayors: Baseline Emission Inventory as part of the so-called Sustainable Energy Action Plan (

  • Further tools on

The climate baseline review energy inventory seap
The 'Climate Baseline Review: Energy Inventory: SEAP

Key resultsofBaselineEmissionsInventory(source: Draft SEAP guidanceforCovenantSignatories)

A. Final energyconsumptionandcorresponding CO2-emissions


- Municipalbuildingsandfacilities

- Private andpublicbuildingsandfacilitiesforservices

- Residential buildings

- Municipalpubliclighting

- Industries

- Road transportation (municipalfleet, public, private & commercialtransport)

(recommendedtoadd: wasteandwatersectors)

The climate baseline review energy inventory seap1
The 'Climate Baseline Review: Energy Inventory: SEAP

Key results of the Baseline Emissions Inventory(source: Draft SEAP guidance for Covenant Signatories)

B. Local electricity production and corresponding CO2 emissions

  • Local electricity generation

  • Wind

  • Photovoltaic (PV)

  • Combined heat and power (CHP) (also called co-generation)

    C. Local heating/cooling generation and corresponding CO2 emissions

  • Local heating /cooling generation

  • Waste incineration plant

  • District heating plant, CHP

  • Solar thermal energy, geothermal energy,..

The climate baseline review significant climate aspects
The 'Climate Baseline Review: Significant climate aspects

Vulnerability assessment climate change impacts
Vulnerability Assessment:Climate Change Impacts

A prerequisite to for any vulnerability assessment is a local and regional prediction of climate change impacts and weather extremes:

  • How will the temperature change?

  • What will be main seasonal changes?

  • What kind of weather extremes are to be expected?

    Note: Possible impacts of climate change, like sea level rise, intense precipitation, drainage and flash flooding, river floods, drought, heat waves or urban heat islands as well as wind and storm damage, can affect all sectors.

Vulnerability assessment local climate change impacts
Vulnerability Assessment:Local Climate Change Impacts

Source: UNEP, Climate in Peril

Vulnerability assessment local climate change impacts1
Vulnerability Assessment:Local Climate Change Impacts

Source: UNEP, Climate in Peril

Vulnerability assessment steps
Vulnerability AssessmentSteps

  • Local governments are responsible for the wellbeing of citizens living in the city or region. To this end, climate adaptation is an obligation to local governments.

  • Characterisation of hazards and modifications associated with climate change at city or regional level

  • Identification of the most vulnerable segments(people, locations, sectors) of the city or region

  • Identification of opportunities arising for different segments (people, locations, sectors) of the city or region

  • Assessment of the ability of the city or region to adapt to the anticipated potential impacts.

Vulnerability assessment impacts
Vulnerability Assessment:Impacts

Figure : Chain of Potential Impacts from Climate Change. Source: DG Environment, based on EEA, 2008 and IPCC, 2007

Vulnerability assessment risk assessment
Vulnerability Assessment:Risk Assessment

The assessment should address priority risks first:

  • high risks that you face already;

  • risks that will increase most rapidly due to climate change, especially if they cross some critical threshold; 

  • risks where it will take some time to plan and implement your adaptation response;

  • contingency planning;

  • where there is a complementary non-climate driver for taking action, such as health and safety or mitigation or achieving a better work/life balance.

Vulnerability assessment tools
Vulnerability Assessment: Tools

No standards, but some tools available, eg.:

  • Local Climate Impact Profile:

  • ICLEI Oceania Toolkit and Australian Department for Climate change: Local Government Climate Change Adaptation Toolkit:

  • UKCIP Adaptation Wizard:

Baseline review swot analysis
Baseline Review: SWOT-Analysis

  • The SWOT-Analysis as a method for the implementation of the Baseline Review

  • Collection of information and (key)data:

    • As a basis for a solid and comprehensible evaluation in context of the SWOT-Analysis, the municipality should draw up a chart of the current reference data and indicators on the environment/sustainability

    • Participants of the Baseline Review: For comprehending the “assessment of the local situation” the municipality needs all information and estimation of all relevant stakeholders

    • Evaluation of the current situation and priority setting regarding continual improvement

    • Examples and Internet-Adresses and sources

Baseline review internal audit
Baseline Review: Internal Audit

  • Questionnaire/check-list

Baseline review presentation of results
Baseline Review: Presentation of results

The Climate Baseline Review of [Insert council name]

  • Table of Contents

  • Introduction

  • I. Review of Framework conditions of [Insert council name]

    • Legal requirements

    • Emerging issues, trends and forthcoming policies

    • Existing climat echange initiatives by [Insert council name]

    • Climate relevant responsibilities and organisational set-up

    • Existing relevant management instruments and procedures

    • The stakeholder landscape incl. all relevant actors

  • II. Energy Status Report of [Insert council name]

    • Energy production and consumption patterns

    • Expenses of energy consumption

  • III. Baseline Emission inventory of [Insert council name]

    • Greenhouse gas emissions

    • [Insert council name]’s Assumptions

  • IV. Adaptation Assessment of [Insert council name]: vulnerabilities, risks and opportunities

    • The Regional Context

    • Impacts of Climate Change

    • List of Impacts

    • The Costs of Climate Change

    • [Insert council name]’s Assumptions

Baseline review do s don ts


Don't exaggerate

Be not to loose or rigid

Appropriately involve

Don't work on project histories

Baseline ReviewDo‘s & Don‘ts


  • Work thoroughly and accurate

  • Work consistent and reproducible

  • Set clear time-frame and scope

  • Involve relevant persons/groups

  • Work on priorities to be cost-efficient

Baseline review examples
Baseline Review Examples

  • City of Lahti, Finland

  • Navarra Sustainability Network of Local Entities, Spain

  • City of Ludwigsburg, Germany

  • City of Ancona, Italy

  • Province of Siena, City of Riga, Lewes District, City of Leeds

Baseline review status of sustainability in lahti 2009
Baseline Review: Status of Sustainability in Lahti 2009

Aalborg commitments Baseline Review compilation process

Baseline review the phases of aalborg commitments in lahti
Baseline Review: The phases of Aalborg Commitments in Lahti

  • The City Council of Lahti signed the Aalborg Commitments in October 2007

  • The Executive Environmental Board of Lahti Region authorised Lahti Region Environmental Service to coordinate the Aalborg commitments work in May 2008

  • An Aalborg Commitments working group was formed

    -> Has officials as representatives from every city sector

  • The AC working group started the Baseline Review (BR) compilation on June 2008

  • The BR report: Status of sustainability in Lahti 2009 – Aalborg Commitments Baseline Review (Finnish version) was published on UN World Environment Day 5.6.2009

Baseline review aalborg commitments baseline review
Baseline Review: Aalborg Commitments Baseline Review

Baseline review aims
Baseline Review: Aims

  • To have an open and honest dialogue about the status of sustainability in Lahti

  • -> “in the spirit of AC”

  • To get city officials more involved in enhancing sustainability within the city organization

  • To lead us toward the next stage: Target setting and actions to improve the situation

Baseline review s elf assessment process
Baseline Review: Self-assessment Process

  • Consisted of:

  • A self-assessment review of the sustainability status of Lahti by the AC working group

  • The results of a survey that was send out to city sector representatives (altogether 97) in autumn 2008

  • Relevant indicators of the SD situation in the city that were selected to form a comparison basis / “reality check”

  • Development challenges were also drafted on the basis of the survey and AC working group assessments

Baseline review p rogress in implementing ac
Baseline Review: Progress in implementing AC?

Baseline review r esponsibility assumed by the city
Baseline Review: Responsibility assumed by the city?

Baseline review challenges
Baseline Review: Challenges

  • The vastness of AC was sometimes overwhelming

  • There are dozens of different strategies, work-programmes and guidelines that guide the city organization’s work

  • There was not that many indicators to choose from

    • Does the indicator really depict the phenomenon?

    • Is it used on a regular basis?

Baseline review red navarra
Baseline Review: Red Navarra

Network of Local Entities through Sustainability of Navarre SPAINLA21-NLETSN 2008

Annual evaluations of Aalborgplus10 Commitments

LA21 Projects Implementation from 2000 to 2008


Baseline review red navarra la21 projects implementation
Baseline Review: Red NavarraLA21 projects implementation

How Aalborgplus10 Commitmentsare related to LA21 projects carried out in 2008?

Baseline review ludwigsburg germany
Baseline Review: Ludwigsburg, Germany

  • Monitoring report of implementation of targets of City Development Plan and compliance with respective guidelines

  • 11 target areas and cross-sectoral concerns

Baseline review ludwigsburg germany1
Baseline Review: Ludwigsburg, Germany



Economy & jobs

Lively town

districts and


Cultural life

Housing/new ways

of living together

Gardens and Parks

Living together of

different generations

and ethnic groups


Education andsocial care

A living city centre

Energy supply

Source: Albert Geiger, City of Ludwigsburg

The climate baseline review

Ancona 2012 is... the management cycle

- Targets and Priorities -

Source: Marco Cardinaletti, City of Ancona

The climate baseline review

2001 the management cycle














5.1 Daily numer of trips per citizen by mode of transport:

Mobility System in the City of Ancona is gradually changing:

  • Use of car have decrase by 14%

  • Use of Public Transports have decrease by 1%

  • Use of “two wheels” have increase by 3%

  • Very high increase (14%) of going by walk

The climate baseline review

From LA21: the management cycle

1/3 year private trips

+ 100% year public trips.

4 sm/pc ZTL and 2 sm/pc of pedestrian areas

shifting 2/3 of the freights transport to railway system

From Urban Mobility Plan – Rel. PP 2005/2007:

Lowering the number of vehicles accessing to the city

Widening the pedestrian area

Increasing the TPU users

Urban Mobility Plan and General Plan of Urban Transport

Increasing number of bus lane

Incentivation measures for public and private employees

Promotion initiatives (stopping cars)

Regulations of limited parking

Rationalization of transport service network throughout the use of pubblic vehicles in the exchange parking zones

New schoolbus with methane gas (metano)

Target 2012

Main Actions

Sources of information and examples
Sources of information and examples the management cycle

  • Website of Aalborg Process - Baseline Reviews of Aalborg Commitment Signatories:

  • Website on Integrated Management Systems (by project MUE-25) - free guidance and checklists for download:

  • Website for Local Sustainability - Aalborg Commitments Implementation Guide, free for download in 7 languages:

Definition of targets in bologna

  • Long term Bologna targets have been defined according to measures that have been adopted through Sectoral Plans, political resolutions or plans

  • Short termtargets have been defined according to expected results of undertaken measures

Definition of Targets in Bologna

The climate baseline review

Thank you for your attention! Bologna

And all the best for your

Baseline Review compilation!

Further information queries
Further Information / Queries ? Bologna

  • Union of the Baltic Cities - Commission of Environment,Pekka Salminen, 44 9075999

  • Esther Kreutz, 44 9075980

  • ICLEI - Local Governments for SustainabilityHolger 761 368920

  • Resources at