1607-1763. Part 2. Early Colonial Settlement and Society. Portugal and Spain rigid societies Slavery ended in Brazil 1881 Spain: Vice Royalties, Viceroys, Audiencias The only European country to find true wealth Society v ery rigid Women little freedom Creoles, Mestizos, Mulattos
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Had trading posts along the Hudson Bay, etc
Experimented with colonization in New Netherlands
New Amsterdam: First permanent Dutch colony in New World…much toleration, freedom The Patroon System
Dutch were ousted by the English in later 1680’s by the Duke of York = New York
Dutch smugglers had make it impossible for the English to enforce their colonial trade regulations
Germans brought the Conestoga Wagon (Prairie Schooner)
The Swedes ax, log cabin, Pennsylvania rifle
First permanent French Colony in New World was Quebec 1608
Very small and slow-growing
Huguenots settled in the Carolinas
Society not as free as the Dutch and English but much freer than Spain and Portugal
Settled in the Va. Backcountry
Had been ruined by the English version of mercantilism (the wool trade)
Were as ruthless toward Native Americans as they had been to the Irish
Motives: Wealth, religion, beggars, convicts, idle women, land, primogeniture, entail
Economic problems made people move out
War created taxes
Population explosion but fewer farms and higher food prices (enclosure)
Highwaymen: large force of unemployed farm workers were wandering the countryside
1601 Queen Elizabeth’s Poor Laws were draining the treasury
Cabot brothers explored for the English (1497)
Henry VIII not much interest
Elizabeth I encouraged private enterprise
English colonies were founded with little help or interference from the crown
Different for Spain and France
More capital for investment by private co’s like merchant companies (Dutch too) due to larger middle class
Greater social mobility
Relative freedom for women
Lust for land
Government let religious dissenters go
Government encouraged permanent settlement
Self government allowed: Mayflower Compact, Virginia House of Burgesses, growing religious tolerance especially after William and Mary signed the English Bill of Rights during the Glorious Revolution
Queen Elizabeth 1 and Sir Walter Raleigh (and Sir Francis Drake and others)
1583 Sir Humphrey Gilbert ( partnered with ½ brother-Raleigh) took an expedition to Newfoundland and traveled down the coast but was lost at sea.
Raleigh failed to get $ from Elizabeth but claimed the land as Virginia anyway.
1585 Raleigh’s cousin and new partner…Sir Grenville settled a small group at Roanoke in N. Carolina.
They terrorized the Indians before they left for more supplies.
Drake arrived some months later with supplies but the settlers decided not to stay and went back to England
Less that a dozen died the next winter but Smith went back to England to be treated for powder burns