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State Nuclear Regulatory Committee of Ukraine. RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting “Strengthening National Infrastructures for the Control of Radiation Sources” (TSA-1), (Phase II) Country: UKRAINE. Olga Makarovska Deputy Head of SNRC. Nuclear Applications in Ukraine. WWER – 440

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State Nuclear Regulatory Committee of Ukraine

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting“Strengthening National Infrastructures for the Control of Radiation Sources” (TSA-1), (Phase II)

Country: UKRAINE

Olga Makarovska

Deputy Head of SNRC

slide2

Nuclear Applications in Ukraine

WWER – 440

WWER – 1000

RBMK – 1000

RR

RW

Uranium

3804 users of RS

2837 - medical use

967 - non medical

549 use sealed RS.

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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Legislation. Regulations and Guidanceoccupational protection, public protection, medical exposure, radioactive waste, and the transport of radioactive materials

  • The nuclear legislative framework is governed by a set of laws;
  • The main one is the Law on Use of Nuclear Energy and Radiation Safety (Nuclear Law);
  • The Nuclear Law sets out the main principles for nuclear safety and radiation protection as in IAEA Safety Fundamentals.
  • Nuclear law specify the main responsibilities of a regulatory authority to ensure nuclear and radiation safety.
  • Strength – comprehensive nuclear legislation
  • Opportunities in the framework of RER9096 project – Ukraine is ready to be host country to exchange experience in the field of nuclear law preparation and improvement

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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Legislation. Regulations and Guidance occupational protection, public protection, medical exposure, radioactive waste, and the transport of radioactive materials

– Law on Physical Protection of Nuclear Facilities, Nuclear Material, Radioactive Waste, and Other Sources of Ionizing Radiation

– Law on Authorization Activity in Nuclear Energy Use

– Law on Human Protection against Impact of Ionizing Radiation

– Law on Radioactive Waste Management

– Law on Decision Making Procedure on Siting, Design, Construction of Nuclear and RAW Facilities of National Importance

– Law on Uranium Mining and Milling

– Law on State Supervision

– Law on Environmental Protection, etc.

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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Legislation. Regulations and Guidance occupational protection, public protection, medical exposure,radioactive waste, and the transport of radioactive materials

  • Ukrainian regulations and guidance are prepared in compliance with IAEA standards and the Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources
  • During 2007-2009 For each field of regulation (including RS usage) logical systematic analysis of regulations was provided:
    • Legislation pyramid was built identifying gaps
    • Strategic plan for regulations development was produced (for RS usage plan includes development of activity specific regulations review/development)
    • Priorities for regulations elaboration were established

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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Legislation. Regulations and Guidance occupational protection, public protection, medical exposure,radioactive waste, and the transport of radioactive materials

  • Updates of 2008 – laws amendments, new regulations (e.g. regulations for safety and security for radiotherapy and for quality assurance for medical application of RS were established).

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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Legislation. Regulations and Guidance occupational protection, public protection, medical exposure,radioactive waste, and the transport of radioactive materials

  • Strength – comprehensive strategic planning, stable R&D financing from state budget, plans are under implementation
  • Challenges:
    • to prepare complete set of activity specific guides
    • to review national regulations according with forthcoming new BSS
  • Opportunities in the framework of RER9096 project:
    • expert advice in preparation of RS activity specific guides is needed
    • involvement of national experts in BSS preparation
    • training after new BSS approval is needed

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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Legislation. Regulations and Guidance occupational protection, public protection, medical exposure,radioactive waste, and the transport of radioactive materials

A complete list of the current regulations that cover:

- General issues– mainly procedural in development and establishment of regulatory requirements – 15;

- General nuclear safety - 18;

- Safety of nuclear installations – 71;

- Safety of sources of ionizing radiation – 30;

- Safety in transport – 16;

- Safety of RAW management – 22;

- Safety in mining and milling – 15;

- Non-proliferation and safeguards – 17;

- Physical protection – 12;

- Emergency preparedness and response – 23.

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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Legislation. Regulations and Guidance occupational protection, public protection, medical exposure,radioactive waste, and the transport of radioactive materials

  • State Nuclear Regulatory Committee of Ukraine is Ukrainian regulatory authority that is competent, in particular, for radioactive sources safety and security regulation
  • SNRCU is reporting to the Cabinet of Ministers
  • SNRCU is responsible for coordination of all executive authorities and institutions of local governing that have competence in radiation safety and radiation protection
  • SNRCU has memorandums with executive authorities that have competence in radiation safety and radiation protection (including MOH)

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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CHAIRPERSON

of the State Nuclear Regulatory Committee of Ukraine

SNRCU STRUCTURE

Deputy Chairperson

Deputy Chairperson – Chief State Inspector on Nuclear and Radiation Safety

First Deputy Chairperson

Deputy Chairperson

Organizational – Analytical Support Division

Physical Protection Regulation Department

Radiation Technology Safety Department

Nuclear Installations Safety Assessment Directorate

Diplomatic Adviser

Central

Inspection Department

Internal Audit Sector

RW Management and Decom-missioning Department

Safeguards Division

Administrative Service Sector

Economics, Finance and Accounting

Department

Information Emergency Department

  • State Inspections on Nuclear Safety
  • at NPPs:
  • Khmelnitsky
  • Rivno
  • South Ukraine
  • Zaporizhya
  • Chornobyl

Performance Control Division

Personal and Occupation Safety Division

  • State Inspections on Nuclear and Radiation Safety:
  • Western
  • Crimean
  • Southern
  • South-Eastern
  • North
  • North-Western
  • Eastern
  • Central

Legal

Division

International Cooperation and European Integration Division

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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SNRCU STRUCTURE. StateInspections on Nuclear and Radiation Safety

7

6

5

1

8

4

  • State Inspections on Nuclear and Radiation Safety:
  • Western
  • Crimean
  • Southern
  • South-Eastern
  • Northern
  • North-Western
  • Eastern
  • Central

3

2

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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Regulatory Body Staffing and Training - SNRCU Staff (1)

  • List of staff members:

292 positions, including 189 state inspectors:

161 positions in the headquarter, 35 positions on the NPP sites,

96 positions in regional inspections.

  • 2007 - 2008:

Recruited 131 state inspectors

  • Age / gender composition:

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

snrcu technical support organizations
SNRCU Technical Support Organizations

SNRCU has established three Technical Support Organizations:

  • The State Scientific and Technical Centre for Nuclear and Radiation Safety (SSTC NRS);
  • The State Centre for Quality Regulation of Supplies and Services (CERTATOM);
  • The State Enterprise Information Technologies Center for Use of Nuclear Energy (INFOATOM).

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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Regulatory Body Staffing and Training - SNRCU Staff (2)

  • Strength – comprehensive system for training and professional and special knowledge assessment of employees (initial and periodical qualification attestation)
  • Challenges:
    • many newcomers that need additional training
    • budget reducing of for training needs
  • Opportunities in the framework of RER9096 project:
    • Training courses for newcomers in radiation safety regulation

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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Funding from State Budget steadily increased up to 2008

  • In 2009 Budget is cut significantly, but there is a decision to recover SNRCU Budget

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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Notification - Authorization – Licensing - Inspections

  • SNRCU operates all main regulatory instruments:
    • establishment of regulatory requirements
    • permissive activity,
    • inspections and enforcement;
  • Permissive activity includes registration in State Register of Ionizing Radiation Sources and licensing of radioactive sources;
  • Procedures for regulatory activities are established by legislation;
  • Example - inspections for RS in 2008 – 1003 inspections.

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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Notification - Authorization – Licensing – Inspections.

State Register of Ionizing Radiation Sources

  • Registration of RS is obligatory for all RS that are under regulatory control.
  • State Register of Ionizing Radiation Sources is unified tracing computerized system of registration, accounting and control of RS commissioned at 29.03.2007.
  • The Register files data of all radiation sources in electronic form and trace RS starting from the moment of their appearance at the territory of Ukraine and till their removal from Ukraine or transfer to special enterprise on radioactive waste management (disposal).
  • About 10 000 radioactive sources and 14000 radiation generators are registered and controlled.
  • An enhanced version of the IAEA Regulatory Authority Information System (RAIS) is used.

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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Notification - Authorization – Licensing – Inspections.Quality management

  • Quality management system of SNRCU is certified for the compliance with ISO-9000
  • Quality management documents include:
    • General Quality Management Manual (incorporates Policy Statement);
    • 3 quality management system Manuals for regulatory activities (licensing, supervision and rule-making);
    • 16 procedures for main processes of SNRCU functioning (including planning and monitoring, corrective measures, continues improvement, quantitative and qualitative indicators to assess regulatory effectiveness);
    • Detailed internal procedures and standards for reviewing and assessing applications for authorization;
    • Templates and checklists.

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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State policy. Programs for vulnerable sources

  • Preventive measures exist for spent RS and orphan sources
    • State Program “For Ensuring Safe and Secure Storage of Spent Highly Active Ionizing Radiation Sources”.
    • Special campaign is now under realization for users of spent radioactive sources that are bankrupt or insolvent.

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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State policy. RS Safety Improvement

  • In 2008 SNRCU prepared State Policy for improvement of radioactive sources safety in the form of White and Green Books
  • This Policy is under implementation now

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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Notification - Authorization – Licensing - Inspections

  • Strength: comprehensive system of licensing and supervision in the sphere of radioactive material use, state system for inventory, registration and control of radiation sources - State Register, State programs for gaining and regaining control over vulnerable and orphan radioactive sources
  • Challenges: new technologies especially in medical use of RS, lack of experience in the supervision of medical applications
  • Opportunities in the framework of RER9096 project:
    • Fellowships for inspectors for safety regulation of modern medical applications of RS (TC, accelerators, PET etc);
    • Ukraine is ready to host events to exchange experience (fellowships and scientific visits) in the field of safety regulation of RS use.

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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International cooperation

  • Strength – Action Plan approved by the Government for 2008-2012 based on IRRS2008 mission recommendations
  • Opportunities in the framework of RER9096 project:
    • Promoting self-assessment and independent peer reviews (including IRRS missions)

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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Information management - communication with public and media

  • ANNUAL REPORT (printed publications are available in Ukrainian, Russian and English, electronic version placed on the SNRCU web-site)
  • WEB-SITE (created in 2001, last upgrading in 2007)
  • PUBLIC COUNCIL (created in August 2005)
  • TELEPHONE LINES
  • PERSONAL RECEPTION HOURS
  • WORKSHOPS FOR PUBLIC
  • EXHIBITIONS, PRESS-CONFERENCES, INTERVIEW, TV

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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What does SNRCU wish to achieve through RER9096?

    • Training for newcomers based on IAEA safety standards and best international practice;
    • Regulatory experience exchange through workshops, visits and on-job training;
    • Further development of Codes of practice for specific activities with radioactive sources (especially for new technologies);
    • Additional IAEA guidance and experience exchange for prevention of accidents with spent and orphan sources.
  • SNRCU is ready to host visits and fellowships to share experience in appropriate form

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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Thanks

  • Thanks for Lithuanian RPC and personally for Mr. Albinas Mastauskas and his staff members for their long lasting since 1996 assistance in Ukrainian inspectors training
  • Thanks for Czech Republic Regulatory Body SUJB for the assistance in Ukrainian inspectors training
  • Thanks for the IAEA officers for the assistance in Ukrainian inspectors training

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting

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WAITING FOR YOU IN UKRAINE!

RER/9/096 Regional Planning Meeting