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IPv6 @ Swisscom. Martin Gysi, 9.5.2011 Senior Network Development Engineer, Swisscom Public. The question „will IPv6 ever by widely deployed?“ is no longer open. The answer is a clear „yes“. Google, Facebook are accessible using IPv6

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IPv6 @ Swisscom

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    1. IPv6 @ Swisscom Martin Gysi, 9.5.2011 Senior Network Development Engineer, SwisscomPublic

    2. The question „will IPv6 ever by widely deployed?“ is no longer open.The answer is a clear „yes“. • Google, Facebook are accessible using IPv6 • Free.fr has 500‘000 IPv6-enabled customers (which makes it the largest IPv6 ISP in the world) • Most major Telcos have stated that they are now starting to deploy real IPv6 services. Most will do so in 2011/2012 • And yes, IPv4 addresses will become scarce real soon… But that’s another story…

    3. IPv4 address depletion Medium term strategy: IPv6 migration Action plan: End-to-end IPv6 deployment Short term fix: NAT44 deployment The driver for IPv6 is the lack of IPv4 addresses.But IPv6 does not solve the IPv4 address shortage problem • IPv6 is not compatible to IPv4. So IPv4 must continue to be operated • IPv4 addresses can be saved by using them more efficiently, or by deploying NAT inside the carrier‘s network (NAT44, CGN). Drives complexity and costs  short term fix. • IPv6 is not the short term solution. But in the long run it‘s the only way to continue the Internet as we know it today. • IPv6 does not replace IPv4, it‘s added in parallel to it  „Dual Stack“

    4. Our IPv6 policy:We enable our customers to access the IPv6 Internet, and we offer our services to the IPv6 Internet • External communication (aka Internet) will need IPv6 first. Gartner recommends that enterprises establish an IPv6 Internet presence no longer than 2014. • Internal networks and services can remain IPv4 on the longer term • Swisscom is currently analyzing all its services, to identify the steps required for introducing IPv6, and is working out a detailed roll-out plan • Entire IT tool chain: order entry, service fulfillment and assurance, billing • Network elements (routers, firewalls, load-balancers…) and platforms • Regulatory aspects, such as lawful intercept • Security, both from Swisscom’s and our customer’s point of view • Product integration (part of the standard offering or option, …) • Customer experience • Impact on operations, training of staff

    5. So, what are we doing right now?IPv6 @ Swisscom • IP-plus backbone is fully dual-stack, IP-plus business Internet access is available with native IPv6. • IPv6 in our mobile network. Works in the lab, are now expanding from there into the IT systems (RADIUS, User Databases (HLR), Mobile Proxy, Billing, etc.) and into the radio access network. • The few handsets that support IPv6 cannot operate Dual Stack. IPv6 only is not interesting for most people • LTE Rel. 8 / 3G Rel. 9 defines a Dual Stack PDP context. • Newest chipsets support PDPv4v6, so the handset situation will improve. • More labs for broadband access and datacenter environments. Gives those engineers and sysadmins something to learn from! • We’ll launch IPv6 for residential Internet access this year

    6. What is required for an IPv6 Internet Access Service?Complex infrastructure is barrier to cost-efficient IPv6 deployment. Legacy infrastructure cannot be upgraded easily. End-to-end overview of Swisscom‘s Internet Access Service network

    7. No complex upgrade of infrastructure, leverage IPv4 network to provide IPv6 access. Simply... Add IPv6 and 6RD support to customer modems Add 6RD Border Relays to dual-stack portion of network Using 6RD, IPv6 Internet access is an incremental upgrade.Production-quality IPv6 Internet access at a fraction of the costs 6RD Border Relay Lausanne 6RD CErouter native IPv6 home network IPv6 Internet IPv4 access network Home network (dual stack) Swisscom Internet Access Service network (IPv4 only) 6RD Border Relay Zürich Internet peering (dual stack)

    8. 6RD is a Stateless Tunnel Technology, Embedding the CE’s IPv4 Address into the IPv6 Prefix. IPv6 Rapid Deployment on IPv4 Infrastructures (RFC 5969) Network topology IPv4 network native IPv6 network native IPv6 network 6RD Border Relay 6RD CE router send to preconfigured BR address send to embedded CE address IPv6 address format for 6RD IPv6 prefix is calculated from the IPv4 address 2A02:1200 Subnet ID Interface ID 60 64 0 28 6RD prefix subscriber subnetting up to 32 bits of subscriber’s IPv4 address IPv4 header & encapsulated IPv6 packet (downstream) IPv4 Header IPv6 Header IPv4 dest IPv6 Payload copy

    9. 6RD Border RelayImplementation Details • Cisco ASR1002-ESP10  scales up to 10 Gb/s per box (tested) • Using anycast IPv4 address, geographically distributed  scale by adding more boxes • Topology: “Router on a stick“ No danger of black hole routing, as IPv4 and IPv6 interface status is inherently coupled. Router on a stick Separate IPv4 and IPv6 interface 6RD Border Relay 6RD Border Relay OSPFv3 IPv4 + IPv6 OSPFv2 OSPFv3 OSPFv2 IPv4 IPv6 IPv4 Link failure not noticed in IPv4 IGP (or vice versa) IPv6 Link failure propagated on both IGPs Dual stack core router

    10. 6RD CPE RoutersImplementation Details • Vendors: Motorola, ADB Broadband (formerly Pirelli Broadband) • 6RD parameters configured using TR-069 • Swisscom 6RD prefix and length (2a02:1200::/28) • IPv4 bits suffix length (all 32 bits) • 6rd Border Relay anycast IPv4 address • Swisscom DNS servers • IPv6 flag (enable/disable) • IPv6 must be enabled by customer on “customer centre” website (no other changes to IT/OSS tools) • Third-party modems (AVM Fritz Box and others) work, but need manual configuration

    11. Implementation detailsIT aspects IT Systems • Display IPv6 check box on “customer centre” website if router supports IPv6, store IPv6 status in customer database • Display IPv6 status to customer support, enable them to change status • Implement new TR069 parameters for 6RD • No other changes! No address management, no provisioning, etc! • Separate DNS (Google white-listed) that can stop handing out AAAA records if problems with IPv6 should occur • 6rd.swisscom.com DNS

    12. First deployment experiences:expect to find problems with turning on IPv6 • 2011 – the year of the MTU? Make sure Path MTU Discovery works! • 7600 with 6748 LAN card and IOS 12.2(22)SXF10: sets IPv6 MTU to 1486 Bytes (no matter what is configured) • Motorola CPE (Beta version) does not do PTMUD at all… • ASR-1k: ICMP Packet Too Big messages use final destination’s address as source address (not local address) • 7600 with 12.2(33)SRE3: Buffer leak when IPv6 is enabled. Requires periodic reboot of the box.

    13. Swisscom will launch IPv6 for residential customers in 2011, using 6rd technology. • 6RD changes the IPv6 “business case” from complex & expensive to simple & cheap. There’s no excuse for not deploying IPv6 now! • 6RD is simple, reliable, scalable technology • Fast prototyping thanks to Linux implementation • Vendors engineering/beta implementations quickly available, yet (inter-) worked flawlessly • Tested and proven scalability • Large-scale pilot to be started in July 2011. • If you are a Swisscom customer and • have a “Centro” series router, then • apply at swisscom.ipv6@swisscom.com • Check out the “sneak preview” at http://labs.swisscom.com