Age of Federalism. Presidents George Washington John Adams. Age of Federalism. Washington develops government’s systems – how to govern. Domestic Policies decided by presidents’ advisors 4 Cabinet “Secretary” Positions
Washington develops government’s systems –
how to govern.
Domestic Policies decided by presidents’ advisors
4 Cabinet “Secretary” Positions
Treasury Alexander Hamilton
State Thomas Jefferson
Att’y General Edmund Randolph
War Henry Knox
Create a “Courts” system
Among first acts of new administration
Supreme Court consists of
Chief Justice & 5 Associate Justices
13 Federal District Courts & 3 “Circuit Courts”
- “Report on Manufactures…”
- National banking system
- Assumption & Financing of debt
Conflict with Jefferson Over Policy
“Strict” or “Loose” Interpretation of Constitution
Hamilton’s Financial Plans
- Pay interest to those gov’t. owed money
2. Promote investment in government by business
- Assures investors want government to succeed
3. Tariffs on foreign goods and on domestic
whiskey to collect revenue
Federalists – NO Opponents – YES
violent protests against its authority?
The War - Proclamation of Neutrality
- “Jay” Treaty w/ England
Spain - Pinckney’s Treaty
Whiskey Rebellion - Leads Federal Troops – Ends it
First use of national troops to end protest.
Jay’s Treaty with Britain
- Stop “impressment” of American ships
- Abandon British forts on Northwest frontier
- Expand trade between the two nations in the
- No agreement to stop impressment
- Didn’t stop English from trading fur in US.
- Anti-Feds saw expanded trade as a “sellout”
and betrayal of the Revolution
Pinckney’s Treaty with Spain
- Secure land claims west of the Appalachians
- Guarantee shipping rights on the Mississippi
- Gave up all land but Florida, but set boundary
- Opened Mississippi to American shipping and allowed use of the port of New Orleans
Guided (drove) the way the US developed for 12 years
- signing Pinckney & Jay Treaties
“It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world..."
Competing Ideologies - Political Parties Emerge
- Economic policy
- Peace and expanded trade with Britain
- Establish Federal authority suppressing
vision of Federalists and organize opposition
- newspaper attacks
- sponsor candidates for office
Jefferson becomes Vice President – opposite parties!
(North for Adams & South for Jefferson)
within a president’s administration
- Believe it violates the French- American Alliance
- Begin to attack American ships bound for England
“Millions for Defense, but not one cent for tribute!”
Virtual War occurred
Balancing Security with Freedom
Alien & Sedition Acts
Use the document to answer the following:
1) What were the main provisions of the Act? (2)
2) What was the difference between the Alien part and
the Sedition part?
3) How did it violate American principle of liberty?
4) What Constitutional principle did it possibly violate?
Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions
- Principle of “Nullification” born