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Underage Drinking (Including Binge Drinking) What Can We Do? The St. Helena Case Study. Presentation to: CDE Statewide Coordinator’s Meeting Sacramento, California Presented by: Joel L. Phillips Community Prevention Institute (CPI) 771 Oak Ave. Parkway, Suite 2, Folsom, California 95630

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underage drinking including binge drinking what can we do the st helena case study

Underage Drinking(Including Binge Drinking)What Can We Do?The St. Helena Case Study

Presentation to:

CDE Statewide Coordinator’s Meeting

Sacramento, California

Presented by:

Joel L. Phillips

Community Prevention Institute (CPI)

771 Oak Ave. Parkway, Suite 2, Folsom, California 95630

September 21-22, 2005

overview
Overview
  • Getting Started
    • Leadership
  • Getting the facts
    • Dimensions of the problem
    • Resources
  • Developing the plan
    • Forming a team
    • Planning for meetings
    • Action plan (resources/timelines)
  • Case study – St. Helena
  • Other considerations
why the concern
Why The Concern?
  • Nine teens die every day from alcohol related incidents.(S.D. Youth council, 2004)
  • Alcohol kills far more teens than all other drugs combined (S.D. Youth Council)
  • Three leading causes of death for 15 to 24 year olds are automobile crashes, homicides and suicides—alcohol is the leading factor in all three(NIAAA 2003)
  • It has been estimated that over three million teenagers are alcoholics. Several million more have a serious drinking problem they cannot manage on their own(NIAAA 2003)
getting started
Getting Started

Who needs to (can) be involved?

  • Planning Models
    • Coordinator led
    • Team (school based)
    • Partnership (school/community)
start up issues
Start-Up Issues

Leadership

Roles and Responsibilities

Recruitment

  • Depends on Planning Model

Resources

  • Assistance
  • Funding

Timeline – 1 year effort minimum

getting the facts 1 dimensions of the problem
Getting the Facts 1Dimensions of the Problem

SOURCES

  • Survey Data
    • National Data (Household survey, MTF)
    • CSS (State)
    • CHKS – District/school specific
  • CHP
    • Drinking/driving – accidents
    • Drinking/driving – arrests
  • DOJ
    • Adolescent arrests

Compile information in easy to understand graphics – they are one of your marking tools. Profile your community.

Present community data by demographics (age, gender, ethnicity)

Compile information in easy to understand graphics – they are one of your marking tools.

getting the facts 1 dimensions of the problem1
Getting the Facts 1Dimensions of the Problem

SOURCES continued

Profile your community

Present community data by demographics (age, gender, ethnicity)

Compile information in easy to understand graphics –- they are one of your marking tools.

getting the facts 2 identifying resources
Getting the Facts 2Identifying Resources

WHAT KINDS OF RESOURCES

  • People!
    • What can they contribute?
    • Who can help?
    • Identify all individuals school/community
  • Map the Environment
    • Current programs – list out all programs/resources that could be involved
  • Outside Support
    • Technical assistance
  • Compile resource Inventory
develop and implement the action plan
Develop and Implement the Action Plan
  • Form a team
    • Determine type of team
    • Contact members
  • Collect and review ‘Facts’
    • Dimensions of the problem
    • Potential resources
  • Conduct Planning meetings
    • Introductory meeting
    • Tasking meeting
develop and implement the action plan continued
Develop and Implement the Action Plan continued
  • Conduct additional data collection
    • Example: Youth led focus groups
    • Example: Social norm survey
  • Present Findings and Recommendations
    • Organize Presentation
  • Implementation
    • Identify work group areas (based on recommendations)
    • Solicit additional volunteers
    • Develop process to monitor progress
st helena case study background structure
St. Helena Case Study Background Structure
  • Youth Death (DUI)
  • Concerned Parents
  • Supervisor Involvement
    • Called a planning meeting

Meeting Structures (four types) took place over 10 months.

meetings structure 1 matchstick group
Meetings Structure 1: ‘Matchstick’ Group
  • Membership
    • 5-6 people (met 2x)
  • Purpose
    • Discussed various planning options
meetings structure 2 kindling group
Meetings Structure 2: ‘Kindling’ Group
  • Membership
    • 12-15 people (met 5x)
  • Purpose
    • Review/Discussed next steps/stage
    • Set up Process for focus groups

Data Collection

Youth Led Focus Groups

DATA Collection Process:

Youth Led Focus Groups

meetings structure 3 bonfire group
Meetings Structure 3: ‘Bonfire’ Group
  • Membership
    • Community – 60 plus (met once)
  • Purpose
    • Review findings and recommendations
    • Community members joined one of the 6 work groups
meetings structure 4 work groups
Meetings Structure 4: Work Groups
  • Membership
    • 4-6 per work group
  • Purpose
    • Implement recommendations
youth led focus groups process
Youth Led Focus Groups Process
  • Recruitment (≈ 14 youths)
  • Training (2 Sessions)
    • Questions Developed by planning group
    • Youth Volunteers paid
    • Role played the questions
  • Focus Groups
    • Five Youth-led Sessions
    • Approximately 60 participants(all paid $10/$20)
  • Report Prepared (CPI)
  • Presentation to ‘Bonfire’ Community Meetings
questions ten questions in three sets
Questions . . . Ten questions; in three sets

SET 1: How Youth spent their time when not in school and percieved opportunities to be involved

SET 2: Youth perceptions concerning adult support for them in their communities (ie, do you feel like adults in the community encourages value and value you as part of the community?)

SET 3: Role of alcohol and/or drugs in their life

findings
Findings . . . . .
  • Alcohol use is common
  • Social acceptance of alcohol use by peers
  • Availability and access
  • Reasons to use – differentiated by intent
  • At risk behaviors—lack of concern re: excessive drinking
  • Adult relationships with teen generally positive
framework for recommendations
Framework for Recommendations
  • Must address issues raised by teens
  • Must be based on approaches demonstrating prior success
  • Must be doable (low cost/minimum resources)
  • Must include community members
  • Must involve youths and adults
recommendations
Recommendations
  • School Based
  • Risk Management
  • Availability and Access
  • Media
  • Community Development
  • Parent Education and Intervention
risk management recommendations
Risk ManagementRecommendations
  • SADD
  • Parent/Child Pledges
  • Harm Reduction Information on Alcohol
availability recommendations
Availability Recommendations
  • Responsible Beverage Service Training
  • Enforcement
  • Compliance Checks
  • Social Host Ordinance
media recommendations
Media Recommendations
  • Media Advocacy
  • Awareness Campaigns
community development and youth leadership
Community Development and Youth Leadership
  • Youth Advisory Task Force
  • Friday Night Live
  • Community Development Framework
parent education and intervention
Parent Education and Intervention
  • Parent Skills Training
  • Brief Intervention Training
lessons learned
Lessons Learned . . . . .
  • Payments important ($ minimal)
  • Youth prepared ‘notes’ were problematic
  • Planning/scheduling is critical
  • Recruitment
    • Diversity (age, student types)
  • Conclusion:
      • Youth led Focus Groups can be an important way to gather information and involve youth
status
Status
  • 5 of 6 Work Groups meet every month (5-10 members)
  • Special Projects (recommendations) are being pursued
    • Youth media campaign
    • Brief Intervention
    • RBS
    • Place of last drink survey
    • Parents involvement—Family Resource Center
    • Implementation SADD
    • Interest in a SAP
next steps
Next Steps . . . .
  • CPI will work with up to FIVE School Districts in developing / Supporting an Underage Drinking Planning Process