Paleo-ethno-botany 'ancient' - 'people' - 'plants'. Processing Archaeological Plant Material Subsistence Reconstructing Past Environments Plant Domestication. Paleoethnobotany. Paleoethnobotany is a branch of archaeology which studies how people in the past used plants.
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Processing Archaeological Plant Material
Reconstructing Past Environments
The entire soil sample is slowly poured into the barrel on top of the mesh and gently agitated with hands to break up any clumps and wash the material
through the mesh.
The water is allowed to flow steadily through the weir and into the sieves, taking any floating or suspended material with it. The water remains running until no further carbonized material floats to the surface.
Materials like the plant Dogbane
YUCCA FIBER SANDALS
Culture: AnasaziDates: Basketmaker III, ca. AD 450-750Location: Northeastern AZMaterial: yucca fiber
Charred Broomcorn Millet Seed, Japan(photo by Y. Tsubakisaka,Hokkaido University)
Pistachio Wood Charcoal, Algeria40x magnification(from Couvert, M. 1977.
Agave pollen from a Texas coprolite.
Fossil Plant Cuticles
Studied by Dr. Gail Fritz, Washington University
Corn (Zea mays)
For example, gourds filled with seeds are used to create rattles and musical instruments. These gourd rattles are from Mali and Ghana in West Africa.
Pendants found in the tomb of Puabi represent (from top to bottom) the flowering male date palm inflorescence, the fruiting branch of the date palm and a cluster of small apples. All these items are literal and figurative symbols of fruitfulness.
at Adi Ainawalid, Tigrai, Ethiopia.
In many parts of the world, plants have made up the greatest part of the diet. Desired plants were collected, stored and processed and cooked in a wide variety of methods. This is an oven in a traditional household in Adi Ainawalid, Tigrai, Ethiopia.