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EXTENDİNG BORDERS OF CLASSROOM - USİNG PODCASTS TO OPTİMİZE LANGUAGE LEARNİNG. Aslı Saglam( asli.saglam@ozyegin.edu.tr ) & Dilek Salkı( dilek.salki@ozyegin.edu.tr ) Ozyegin University Istanbul TURKEY. Guide for Workshop. What is podcasting? Educational Use(s) of podcasting

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extend ng borders of classroom us ng podcasts to opt m ze language learn ng

EXTENDİNG BORDERS OF CLASSROOM - USİNG PODCASTS TO OPTİMİZE LANGUAGE LEARNİNG

Aslı Saglam(asli.saglam@ozyegin.edu.tr) &

Dilek Salkı(dilek.salki@ozyegin.edu.tr)

Ozyegin University Istanbul TURKEY

guide for workshop
Guide for Workshop
  • What is podcasting?
  • Educational Use(s) of podcasting
  • Use(s) of podcasting in our classes (using existing resources and creating your own)
  • Extending borders of class
  • Potential benefits
  • Challenges & Ways of overcoming challenges
  • Conclusions
what is podcasting

What is podcasting?

A brief overview of podcasting

a brief overview of podcasting
A brief overview of podcasting
  • Audio content delivery approach based on Web syndication protocols, such as RSS
  • Disributing content to be used anywhere anytime with mobile and digital audio players (iPods, other MP3 players…etc.)
  • Podcasting= Web syndication (RSS) + Audio content (talkshows, music, news, learning resources, …) + Mobile devices (MP3s , cell phones, iPods,…)

(Cebeci& Tekdal 2006)

educational use s of podcasting

EDUCATIONAL USE(S) OF PODCASTING

Using podcasting as a teaching learning strategy

educational usages of podcasting
Educational usages of podcasting

Based on recent podcasting use at UK universities, Harris and Park (2008) categorize educational usages of podcasting as:

  • Teaching driven
  • Service driven: delivering information (research work presentation, library tour, orientation and induction…etc.)
  • Marketing driven: (recruiting prospective students)
  • Technology driven: supporting teaching method (sharing teaching experiences)
tools for podcasting
Tools for podcasting
  • Audio Mp3 files accessed from html files
  • Podcasts distributed using “push” technology with RSS feeds (iTunes, MyYahoo.com, i Google.com)
  • Avatars and virtual characters in making videos(www.voki.com, www.xtranormal.com ...etc.)
  • Screencasts (www.jing.com)
  • Powerpoint slides with audio enhancements (www.microsoft.com)
  • Video Doodling (www.voicethread.com)
  • Telephone podcasts (www.gcast.com)
  • Servers providing learner generated podcasting (www.podomatic.com)
use s of podcasting in our classes1
Use(s) of podcasting in our classes

Considering Our Learners’ Needs

Analyses of our learner profile questionnaires

reveal:

  • awareness that listening is a crucial skill and more practice needed
  • majority state that listening is a difficulty (in particular problems in identifying important ideas, understanding texts in detail, and taking notes while listening)
use s of podcasting in our classes2
Use(s) of podcasting in our classes

Considering our Learners’ Needs

  • Attitudes towards listening

“What do you least enjoy about learning English?”

Some student responses:

  • taking notes
  • listening
  • listening to boring lectures
use s of podcasting in our classes3
Use(s) of podcasting in our classes

Observed student needs

  • Speaking skills difficult to master for students
  • Speaking Practice (meaningful & authentic) is needed
  • Preparation for Speaking exam
use s of podcasting in our classes using existing resources
Use(s) of podcasting in our classes: Using existing resources

Aim:

  • Building learners’ schemata of lesson content
  • Providing learners with extra listening practice
slide15

Integrating skills and fostering vocabulary learning

  • Providing further help

for study skills

slide17

Use(s) of podcasting in our classes: student createdIntroduction of the concept, visiting other student generated podcast pagese.g. http://caeb2006.podomatic.com

slide18
Teacher-generated a podcast page for the class on podomatic (www.podomatic.com) http://ozuadvance0401.podomatic.com/
podcast production process
Podcast production process:

Students were given discussion points & asked to use newly learned speaking objectives of their listening course book in their discussions

  • Script writing and editing
  • Audio recording and editing and
  • Publishing and distribution
extending borders of class

EXTENDING BORDERS OF CLASS

in addition to uses exemplified what could be other way(s) of extending borders of class by using podcasts?

potential benefits

POTENTIAL BENEFITS

What could be potential benefits of using Podcasts?

potential benefits of podcasting review of literature
Potential Benefits of Podcasting: Review of Literature

Hew’s review of research (2009) analyzes 8 studies (Anzai 2007; Bongey et al. 2006;

Clark et al. 2007; Evans 2007; Lane 2006; Lee and Chan 2007a; Maag 2006; Tynan and Colbran 2006)which focus on effects of using podcasts through participants’ self reports, questionnaires and/ or interviews and concludes that use of podcast could enhance student learning.

review of literature
Review of Literature

‘Informal Mobile Podcasting and LearningAdaptation’(IMPALA) research

project at theUniversity of Leicesteris investigatinghowpodcasting can

support student learning (language and study skills).

  • Students experienced a way of learning that is contradictory to general traditionalconceptionsof ‘serious’ learning.
  • Report that they benefited from listening to the podcasts.

S1: Omm, first of all, it’s not like, I mean papers, like books, you’ve just got

to listen to it. It’s another way of learning, and it’s a new way of

studying.

S2: … I usually listen to thepodcasts for example if I’m feeling a bit tired of

typing the assignment,… It’s a kind of entertainment … , so you just go and

listen to podcasts.You’re relaxing yourself listening and learning.

potential benefits of podcasts
Potential Benefits of Podcasts
  • Wide range of possibilities for extra listening both inside and outside of the classroom
  • Supplementing the scripted textbook listenings with the real life authentic recordings
  • Promote autonomy and ownership by offering student choice
  • Flexibility regarding time, interest,pace and place
  • Mix of entertainment and learning (!)
  • Stimulates student interest and motivation
potential benefits of podcasts1
Potential Benefits of Podcasts
  • Fostering individual and collective learning of course objectives, more interaction opportunities
  • Guiding learners for making meaning and knowledge creation
  • Simple to produce, immediate, educationally focused, reusable, engaging (Digital Audio Learning Objects, DALO 2007)
teacher encountered challenges
Teacher Encountered Challenges

1) How do I find podcasts and assess their suitability in terms of

  • Target audience (native speakers vs EFL learners)
  • Level of my learners (esp. suitability for low level learners)
  • Topic (does the content tie into the curriculum)

Directories that give you the chance to find Podcasts categorized according to target audience / level / genre.

teacher encountered challenges1
Teacher Encountered Challenges

2) Teachers’ work load: preparing tasks for the listening material

Using tasks that require minimal preparation such as listening & note-taking or listening and summarizing where necessary

student encountered challenges
Student Encountered Challenges

1) Finding resources

Providing students with resource lists & internet and database search training

2) Evaluating suitability

Providing guidelines which make learners think about the appropriateness of the material to the learning task

3) Student unfamiliarity with recording podcasts (for student generated podcasts)

Training learners and providing guidelines

slide32

4) Forming the habit for life-long learning

Integrating the use of podcasts into curriculum and making it a part of the course

5) not seeing relevance for learning

raising awareness by providing explicit links between learning objectives and materials

6) technical problems in  downloading and accessing

Checking links before hand

Life ! 

conclusions1
Conclusions
  • Training needed for using this new technology of podcast for better learning outcomes
  • a basis for a better integration of podcasts in teaching and learning is essential- impact by design
  • Another modality for catering diverse students’ needs
  • Podcasting can maximize opportunities for learning if used intelligently
a final word from our learners
A Final Word from OUR Learners….

Coursebook Recordings

  • Add adjectives in WORDLE
slide36

Podcasts

  • Add adjectives in WORDLE
references
References

Aguilar, F. R. 2007. Top of the Pods-In Search of a Podcasting “Podogogy” for Language L. Computer Assisted Language Learning 20, no. 5: 471-492

Brown, A. et al. 2009. Instructional uses of podcasting in online learning environments: A cooperative inquiry study. J. Educational technolgy Systems 37, no.4: 351-371

Cebeci, Z. & Tekdal, M. 2006. Using podacsts as audio learning objects: Interdisciplinary Journal of Knowledge and Learning Objcets 2: 47-57

Harris, H. & Park, S. 2008. Educational Uses of Podcasting. British Journal of Technology 39, no. 3: 548-551

Hew, K. F. 2009. Use of audio podcast in K-12 and higher education: A review of research topics and methodologies. Education Tech Research Dev 57:333–357

Lee, M.J. et al. 2008. Talk the talk: Learner-generated podcasts as catalysts for knowledge creation. British Journal of Technology 39, no. 3: 501-521