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Japan’s Pacific Campaign

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  1. Japan’s Pacific Campaign What causes the US to enter WWII? December 7th, 1941 Japan attacks Pearl Harbor “A Date Which Will Live In Infamy”

  2. Japan attacks the US • 1940-1941: US sends aid to KMT in China, cuts off supplies to Japan • US is worried Japan may seize US territory in Pacific • December 7th, 1941: In a surprise attack, Japanese warplanes bomb US Naval ships located at Pearl Harbor, Hawai'i • The Japanese attack is planned & led by Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto • President Roosevelt asks for a declaration of war on Japan, calling the event “A date which will live in infamy” • Germany then declares war on the US The Pacific War • Jan 1942: Japan attacks US possessions: Guam, Wake Island, Philippines • Feb 1942: Japan attacks British possessions: Malaya, Hong Kong, Burma US joins the Allied Powers • War Crime: Japan puts the allied prisoners of war on the Bataan Death March • 16,000 POWs murdered • US interns 110K Japanese-Americans

  3. Map Time! Bombing of Pearl Harbor Color 8,13 & 14 Blue (Allied Powers) Red Xs in 10 + Japanese Ally on key Stripe 9 & 11 in Red Stripe Red

  4. Allies Strike Back • April 1942: US Col. James Doolittle leads bombing attack of Tokyo • Little damage is done, but shows Japan is vulnerable to air attacks • Battle of the Coral Sea – May 1942: Japan keeps advancing south. Both sides use aircraft carriers in battle. Allies able to stop Japan’s advances • Battle of Midway – June 1942: Allied code breakers know Japan & Admiral Yamamoto were planning on attacking the island • US forces led by Admiral Nimitz were hiding behind the horizon and then launched a sneak attack on the Japanese forces (turning point in war) • Pacific War is led by Gen. Douglas MacArthur who uses a strategy called “island hopping”. • Take less defended islands first, return later for others • Battle of Guadalcanal - US learns Japanese are building a huge airbase on the island of Guadalcanal • Aug 1942:Aided by Australia, US wins six-month battle killing 24,000 of the 36,000 Japanese troops • Japanese flee calling it “death island” • Next, MacArthur liberates Philippines, keeping his promise to return Gen. Douglas MacArthur

  5. Map Time! Battle of Midway Battle of the Coral Sea Battle of Guadalcanal