By Shan C, Daniel B, and Adam W Endocrine System Jeopardy
Endocrine Regulation100 • Q: Chemical signals that communicate regulatory messages within the body are called… • A: What are hormones?
Endocrine Regulation200 • Q: A mechanism of response in which a rising hormone level negates the initiating change that triggers the release of the hormone. • A: What is negative feedback?
Endocrine Regulation300 • Q: A series of changes in cellular proteins that converts an extracellular chemical signal to a specific intracellular response is called a… • A: What is signal transduction pathway?
Endocrine Regulation400 • Q: Regulators that stimulate cell proliferation and differentiation are called…. • A: What are growth factors?
Endocrine Regulation 500 • Q: Protein and peptide local regulators that play a role in immune responses are called… • A: What are cytokines?
Thyroid Gland100 • A: The thyroid is located near the ventral surface of which structure? • A: What is the trachea?
Thyroid Gland200 • An inherited condition of thyroid deficiency that results in retarded skeletal growth and poor mental development is called… • What is cretinism?
Thyroid Gland300 • What is goiter (enlargement of the thyroid) cause by? • What is a deficiency in iodine?
Thyroid Gland400 • Which structures of the brain control secretions of the thyroid? • What are the pituitary gland (anterior) and the hypothalamus?
Thyroid Gland500 • What hormone, produced by the thyroid, is made of 3 iodine atoms? • What is Triiodothyronine?
Pituitary Gland100 • The section of the pituitary gland that grows downward towards the mouth during embryo development is called…… • What is the posterior pituitary?
Pituitary Gland200 • The section of the pituitary gland that develops from tissue in embryonic mouth and grows up toward brain is called… • What is the anterior pituitary?
Pituitary Gland300 • Hormones that regulate and coordinate endocrine signaling in the body and the anterior pituitary are called… • What are tropic hormones?
Pituitary Gland400 • The tropic hormones FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) and LH (luteinizing hormone), secreted by the anterior pituitary, are also known as… • What are gonadotropins?
Pituitary Gland500 • A neurohormone called ________ induces the cells in the uterine muscles to contract during birth and causes the mammary glands to eject milk. Its production is an example of positive feedback. • What is oxytocin?
Pancreas100 • The beta cells of the pancreas produce the hormone _____________. • What is insulin?
Pancreas200 • The best known endocrine disorder, _________, is caused by a deficiency of insulin or a decreased response to insulin target tissues. • What is diabetes mellitus?
Pancreas300 • The alpha cells of the pancreas produce the hormone _________. • What is glucagon?
Pancreas400 • The clusters of endocrine cells in the pancreas are called…. • What are the islets of Langerhans?
Pancreas500 • What organ in the body takes up glucose and stores it as glycogen? • What is the liver?
Miscellaneous100 • The adrenal medulla produces catecholamines such as ___________ and __________. • What are epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (noradrenaline)?
Miscellaneous200 • The testes synthesize androgens, primarily _________. • What is testosterone?
Miscellaneous300 • What is the most common form of hyperthyroidism (excessive secretion of hormones) in humans? • What is Graves’ disease?
Miscellaneous400 • The parathyroid glands produce calcitonin and parathyroid hormone, which regulate ions of what element in the blood? • What is calcium?
Miscellaneous500 • The pineal gland secretes what hormone that regulates biorhythms? • What is melatonin?
Final Jeopardy! • _________ signaling is a form of cell signaling in which the target cell is near the signal-releasing cell. • What is paracrine (signaling)?