Endocrine System Jeopardy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

laurel-salas
by shan c daniel b and adam w n.
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Endocrine System Jeopardy

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  1. By Shan C, Daniel B, and Adam W Endocrine System Jeopardy

  2. Click here for final jeopardy question!

  3. Endocrine Regulation100 • Q: Chemical signals that communicate regulatory messages within the body are called… • A: What are hormones?

  4. Endocrine Regulation200 • Q: A mechanism of response in which a rising hormone level negates the initiating change that triggers the release of the hormone. • A: What is negative feedback?

  5. Endocrine Regulation300 • Q: A series of changes in cellular proteins that converts an extracellular chemical signal to a specific intracellular response is called a… • A: What is signal transduction pathway?

  6. Endocrine Regulation400 • Q: Regulators that stimulate cell proliferation and differentiation are called…. • A: What are growth factors?

  7. Endocrine Regulation 500 • Q: Protein and peptide local regulators that play a role in immune responses are called… • A: What are cytokines?

  8. Thyroid Gland100 • A: The thyroid is located near the ventral surface of which structure? • A: What is the trachea?

  9. Thyroid Gland200 • An inherited condition of thyroid deficiency that results in retarded skeletal growth and poor mental development is called… • What is cretinism?

  10. Thyroid Gland300 • What is goiter (enlargement of the thyroid) cause by? • What is a deficiency in iodine?

  11. Thyroid Gland400 • Which structures of the brain control secretions of the thyroid? • What are the pituitary gland (anterior) and the hypothalamus?

  12. Thyroid Gland500 • What hormone, produced by the thyroid, is made of 3 iodine atoms? • What is Triiodothyronine?

  13. Pituitary Gland100 • The section of the pituitary gland that grows downward towards the mouth during embryo development is called…… • What is the posterior pituitary?

  14. Pituitary Gland200 • The section of the pituitary gland that develops from tissue in embryonic mouth and grows up toward brain is called… • What is the anterior pituitary?

  15. Pituitary Gland300 • Hormones that regulate and coordinate endocrine signaling in the body and the anterior pituitary are called… • What are tropic hormones?

  16. Pituitary Gland400 • The tropic hormones FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) and LH (luteinizing hormone), secreted by the anterior pituitary, are also known as… • What are gonadotropins?

  17. Pituitary Gland500 • A neurohormone called ________ induces the cells in the uterine muscles to contract during birth and causes the mammary glands to eject milk. Its production is an example of positive feedback. • What is oxytocin?

  18. Pancreas100 • The beta cells of the pancreas produce the hormone _____________. • What is insulin?

  19. Pancreas200 • The best known endocrine disorder, _________, is caused by a deficiency of insulin or a decreased response to insulin target tissues. • What is diabetes mellitus?

  20. Pancreas300 • The alpha cells of the pancreas produce the hormone _________. • What is glucagon?

  21. Pancreas400 • The clusters of endocrine cells in the pancreas are called…. • What are the islets of Langerhans?

  22. Pancreas500 • What organ in the body takes up glucose and stores it as glycogen? • What is the liver?

  23. Miscellaneous100 • The adrenal medulla produces catecholamines such as ___________ and __________. • What are epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (noradrenaline)?

  24. Miscellaneous200 • The testes synthesize androgens, primarily _________. • What is testosterone?

  25. Miscellaneous300 • What is the most common form of hyperthyroidism (excessive secretion of hormones) in humans? • What is Graves’ disease?

  26. Miscellaneous400 • The parathyroid glands produce calcitonin and parathyroid hormone, which regulate ions of what element in the blood? • What is calcium?

  27. Miscellaneous500 • The pineal gland secretes what hormone that regulates biorhythms? • What is melatonin?

  28. Final Jeopardy! • _________ signaling is a form of cell signaling in which the target cell is near the signal-releasing cell. • What is paracrine (signaling)?