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7-3. The Persians. 1. Aryans. Cattle herders from central Asia Small group called Persians separated from Aryans. 2. Persians. -settled between Persian Gulf and Caspian Sea -present day Iran (Land of the Aryans) -early occupation was cattle herding. 3. Army and Empire.

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slide1

7-3

The Persians

1 aryans
1. Aryans
  • Cattle herders from central Asia
  • Small group called Persians separated from Aryans
2 persians
2. Persians

-settled between Persian Gulf and Caspian Sea

-present day Iran (Land of the Aryans)

-early occupation was cattle herding

3 army and empire
3. Army and Empire

-600 BC conquered by Medes

-King Cyrus overthrows Medes & re-establishes

Empire

-organized large army

-10,000 soldiers

-Persians

-conquered people

-Immortals

slide5

-Empire from Egypt to India

-Mild rulers

-allowed conquered people to keep

language, laws, & religion

-people had to pay taxes & produce

items for trade

-King Darius

-strong king

-built a grand palace-fortress-treasury

in capital of Persepolis

4 government officials
4. Government Officials

-helped king govern

-spoke Aramaic

-king chose

-governor

-secretary

-general

slide7

-officials collected taxes, sent taxes to treasury,settled disputes, protected people against bandits

-each official reported separately to king

-honesty

slide8

-inspectors “eyes and ears of king”

-checked on possible rebellions

-decided if people could pay taxes

-judges

-made sure laws were carried out

5 family life
5. Family Life

-Father is head of household

-rich lived in large homes w/rooms for men &

Separate rooms for women & children

-poor lived in one room houses

-poor children stayed w/parents

-rich children stayed w/mother until age 5

-rich women traveled on litters

6 religion
6. Religion

-polytheistic

-570BC Zoroaster (religious leader) introduced 2

gods

-Ahura Mazda

-created all things good

-eternal happiness

-Ahriman

-created all things evil

-eternal punishment

7 trade
7. Trade

-Persians did not like trade

-encouraged trade among conquered people

-improved and expanded Assyrian road system

-Royal Road

-1600 miles

slide12

-opened caravan route to China -silk-spread Lydian's coined money -merchants began to sell things cheaper -people began to live better