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Cretinism. Chris McCutcheon . Type of genetic . Cretinism is when the brain and skeleton stop developing at a young age. . Symptoms. Large anterior fontanels. Thickened skin. Enlarged tongue. Poor muscle tone. Hoarse cry.

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cretinism

Cretinism

Chris McCutcheon

type of genetic
Type of genetic
  • Cretinism is when the brain and skeleton stop developing at a young age.
slide4

Symptoms.

  • Large anterior fontanels.
  • Thickened skin.
  • Enlarged tongue.
  • Poor muscle tone.
  • Hoarse cry.
  • Protruding abdomen.
  • Short legs or arms.
diagnosis
Diagnosis
  • Every child that is born today is tested for Cretinism.
prognosis
prognosis
  • Very early diagnosis will most likely results in a good outcome. Newborns that are diagnosed and treated within the first month slowly develop normal intelligence.
treatment
Treatment
  • Replacement therapy is the standard treatment of hypothyroidism. Once medication starts, thyroid blood tests are done to make sure levels are within normal range.
current research
Current research
  • This is a condition due to inadequate secretion of thyroid hormones during fetal life or early infancy. The brain and skeleton fail to develop properly, resulting in mental retardation and dwarfism. It is due to congenital deficiency in the secretion of hormone thyroxine from the thyroid gland. It is caused due to insufficient amount of iodine in the diet of the child?s mother during pregnancy.
genetic counseling
Genetic counseling
  • Anne Matthews, RN, PhDDirector, Genetic Counseling and Family StudiesAssociate ProfessorDepartment of Genetics School of Medicine Case Western Reserve University
credits
Credits
  • http://www.e-radiography.net/radpath/c/cretinism.htm
  • http://howshealth.com/cretinism/
  • http://www.sciencedirect.com/science
  • http://www.healthcaremagic.com/healthpage/cretinism