Cretinism. Chris McCutcheon . Type of genetic . Cretinism is when the brain and skeleton stop developing at a young age. . Symptoms. Large anterior fontanels. Thickened skin. Enlarged tongue. Poor muscle tone. Hoarse cry.
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This is a condition due to inadequate secretion of thyroid hormones during fetal life or early infancy. The brain and skeleton fail to develop properly, resulting in mental retardation and dwarfism. It is due to congenital deficiency in the secretion of hormone thyroxine from the thyroid gland. It is caused due to insufficient amount of iodine in the diet of the child?s mother during pregnancy.