future meaning n.
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Future Meaning
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  1. Future Meaning

  2. analyse ways English refers to the future • look at how future forms are tackled in teaching activities & resources • prepare teaching presentations

  3. How do we refer to the future in English? • Structures • will + base form • am/is/are going to + base form • present continuous • present simple • will + be + verb-ing (future continuous) • will + have + past participle (future perfect)

  4. Meaning Predictions without any obvious use of current or prior knowledge “Will” future will + base form Decisions at the moment of speaking “Going to” future am/is/are going to + base form Intentions (not necessarily planned) Predictions based on current evidence.

  5. Meaning Present Continuous plans & arrangements (“diary”) Present Simple fixed future events (“timetable”) Future continuous something happening at or around a particular future time something completed by a certain time in the future. Future Perfect

  6. How else do we refer to the future in English? • verbs like want, hope, expect carry a future meaning (when followed by to + verb) • modals of possibility (e.g. might, may, can)

  7. Language Selection • In what order should we teach the grammar points? Consider: • usefulness • frequency • difficulty

  8. The conventional order is… • Beginners/elementary • Present continuous (arrangements): ease of form and concept. • Going to (predictions and intentions): usefulness, frequency and relative ease, • Will (offers, etc): usefulness

  9. The conventional order… • Intermediate: • Will (predictions): usefulness and frequency • if/when ...: usefulness, clauses • Might/may: usefulness, frequency and ease • Upper-intermediate/Advanced: • Future continuous and future perfect: relatively infrequent structures

  10. Materials • Look at the materials. Identify: • the structures that are being presented • the two concepts that are being presented • the context(s) & methods used • ways that the learners’ understanding is checked Bolton, D & Goodey, N. 1999 Trouble with Verbs. Addlestone: DELTA Publishing McGowen, B. & Richardson, V. 2000. Clockwise Pre-Intermediate, Oxford: OUP Soars, J. & Soars, L. 2000. New Headway English Course – Pre-Intermediate. Oxford: OUP

  11. Presentations • Your presentations should include: • Context:a situation that illustrates the item(s) (and contrasts them if appropriate) • Task:an activity to focus the learners on the meaning &/or contrast • Examples:at least three or four examples of the item in the context • Checking:e.g. concept questions and/or timelines

  12. Now open the envelopes…

  13. Learner Problems • The moment I get home today I going to play a computer game. Then to eat a sandwich. • Once this lesson has finished I meet my friend because we go to the cinema. After maybe we take a coffee in any café. • Once this lesson has finished I’ll go to my house. I’ll read the newspaper and prepare a nice dinner.

  14. Learner Problems • When I have enough money… I never will have enough money. But if I will, I will visit many countries. • When I’m next on holiday I am spending a good time with my family. • This time next year I will study for my final examination. I think my life won’t be much different.

  15. Learner Problems • In five years time maybe I am going to have a better job. I’ll like to start my own business. • By the time I retire I hope I will save enough money for buy a nice house by sea.

  16. Learner Problems - Pronunciation • The children won’t go to bed. • What’ll you do if it rains? • Where shall we go?