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QS 9000 Training Materials. Gregory A. Jenkins Total Quality Management ( OISM 470 W ) Smeal College of Business Administration Pennsylvania State University. Ice Breaker. Form small groups Introduction Field of study Career path What you expect to get from training Select Speaker

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QS 9000Training Materials

Gregory A. Jenkins

Total Quality Management ( OISM 470 W )

Smeal College of Business Administration

Pennsylvania State University

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Ice Breaker

Form small groups

  • Introduction

  • Field of study

  • Career path

  • What you expect to get from training

  • Select

    • Speaker

      • To effectively summarize information presented about every group member

    • Secretary

      • To record individual responses

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Quality Perspective

  • What is your definition / perception of quality?

  • According to the oral ice breaker presentations and note taking how would you define its quality.

  • Were your expectations met? Why? Why not?

  • What are some of your suggestions for improvement (documentation and presentation)?

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  • “I think companies will be more selective on who they are placing their business with. If your company is performing better quality-wise and reject-wise, then I think it is going to be the company that is considered for a contract.”

    • Terry Martin, Quality Manager, Plastic Source Inc. (El Paso, TX)

  • "The supplier shall have systems in place to ensure management of appropriate activities during concept development through production.”

    • QS 9000, paragraph Organizational Interfaces

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    QS 9000 Training Outline

    • Introduction

    • Purpose

    • ISO 9000

    • Background

    • Requirements

    • Real World Examples

    • Interactive Exercise

    • Conclusion

    • Suggested Readings

    • References

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    QS 9000 Purpose

    Improving relationships to improve quality

    • “The goal of developing your suppliers is based on the need to provide high quality to the customer.”

    • Enhance quality systems for suppliers

    • Eliminate redundant requirements

    • Reduce costs

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    QS 9000 Purpose (continued)

    • Fundamentally different from ISO 9000.

    • Designed to help suppliers to automakers provide evidence of standardized processes for dealing with customers.

    • Major automobile manufacturers setup teams with suppliers to help in development.

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    What is ISO 9000?


    • Organization for International Standards

    • European standards for quality

    • Standards are broad and vague to adapt to different cultures

    • Does NOT provide framework for organizational improvement and change

    • Companies document quality systems in manuals to facilitate trade through supplier conformance

    • Success has created various other standards such as QS 9000

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    What is ISO 9000? (continued)


    • Not all countries accept ISO registrars

    • Mainly for exporting firms

    • Barrier to trade

    • Time consuming

    • Costly

    • Difficult for small firms to afford

    • Discourages free thinking and employee empowerment

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    Background Information

    What is the meaning of QS-9000?

    • Quality System Requirements

    • Common supplier quality standard (Big Three):

      • Chrysler Corporation

      • Ford Motor Company

      • General Motors Corporation

        Applies to suppliers of:

      • production materials

      • production and service parts

      • heat treating

      • painting and plating

      • other finishing services

    • Does NOT apply to all suppliers of Big Three

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    Background Information (continued)


    • Tooling and Equipment Supplement

    • Internal shorthand as supplement to QS 9000

      Worldwide Commitment

    • Released throughout North America, several countries of South America, Europe, Australia and Asia

      Compliance audits by qualified ISO 9001 registrars:

    • Internal

    • Customer (second-party)

    • Third-party

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    QS 9000 Requirements

    Management responsibility

    • “defining and documenting its policies for quality along with its objectives and its level of commitment. Clear lines of authority are drawn, assigning responsibility for managing, performing and verifying all work affecting quality.”


    • “should be viewed as a strategic imperative for all of a supplier’s personnel. A supplier firm must have documented procedures for assessing training needs and for training all personnel who might impact a company’s quality. Records of past training must also be kept.”

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    QS 9000 Requirements (continued)

    • Management responsibility

    • Quality system

    • Contract review

    • Design control

    • Document and data control

    • Purchasing

    • Control of customer-supplied product

    • Product identification and traceability

    • Process control

    • Inspection and testing

    • Control of inspection, measuring and test equipment

    • Inspection and test status

    • Control of nonconforming product

    • Corrective and preventive action

    • Handling, storage, packaging, preservation and delivery

    • Control of quality records

    • Internal quality audits

    • Training

    • Servicing

    • Statistical techniques

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    Management Responsibility

    Quality policy



    Management representative

    Organizational interface

    Business plan

    Analysis and use of company-level data

    Customer satisfaction

    Design Control Requirements

    General Information

    Design and development planning

    Required skills

    Organizational, technical interfaces

    Design input

    Design output

    Design review

    Design verification

    Design validation

    Design changes

    Quality System Requirements


    Quality system procedures

    Quality planning

    Special characteristics

    Use of cross-functional teams

    Feasibility reviews

    The control plan

    QS 9000 Requirements (continued)

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    Name some common requirement processes

    • Common processes

      • Documentation

      • Testing

      • Implementation

    • Processes used to enhance supplier quality systems, eliminate redundant requirements and reduce costs.

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    What are some supply chain priorities?

    • Supply Chain Priorities by auto assemblers, direct suppliers and indirect suppliers order of importance.

      • Consistency

      • Reliability

      • Relationship

      • Technological capability

      • Flexibility

      • Price

      • Service

      • Finances

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    Real World Example I

    “Supplier Services Inc. (SSI)’s stated goal is to work with small and medium-sized manufacturers to achieve compliance with ISO 9000, QS 9000 and other industry-specific quality system requirements. Their message to those manufacturers or their suppliers is that while it is extremely difficult to manage quality and manufacturing standards when everyone expects fewer people to do the job, SSI is available to fill that organizational void with their own brand of expertise.”

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    Real World Example II

    “Few businesses survive their first 6 months, much less earn their QS 9000 and ISO 9002 certifications in the first half of the year. Nu Tech Plastics Engineering, a Tier One and Two automotive supplier, not only did both, but it also fulfilled its founder's goal of creating a business niche in taking on so-called problem jobs. Barely three years old, the company has built a $20 million a year business on solving other people's problems. Elektra all-electric molding machines and the company's process tuning shaved 12 seconds from the tool's cycle time.”

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    Interactive Exercise

    Small groups (company)

    • Design product using given materials

    • Design production process

    • Select

      • Presenter

        • Discuss reasons why your company should be the supplier of choice regarding quality, product and certifications

      • Secretary

        • To record quality production processes

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    Why should companies become QS 9000 certified?

    • Enhance quality systems for suppliers

    • Eliminate redundant requirements

    • Reduce costs

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    Suggested Readings

    • QS-9000 In Our Company, Self-Study Course for Personnel: AQA QS-9000 Series (Jack Kanholm)

    • QS-9000 Requirements, 119 Requirements Checklist and Compliance Guide: AQA QS-9000 Series (Jack Kanholm)

    • The QS-9000 Answer Book (Radley M. Smith)

    • QS-9000 Quality Systems Handbook (David Hoyle)

    References l.jpg

    • American Society for Quality

    • QualityBooks.co.uk

    • Amazon.com

    • “Quality Spending Outlook”Quality; Troy; Dec 2001; Larry Adams.

    • “Future of APQP and PPAP in doubt”Quality; Troy; Jan 2002; Roderick A Munro.

    • Foster, S. Thomas. Managing Quality: An Integrative Approach. Prentice-Hall, Inc. 2001 (pp. 85-90, 258-63; 430-31).

    • “Future of APQP and PPAP in Doubt”Quality; Troy; Jan 2002; Roderick A Munro