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IBM 云解决方案及 System X6 服务器. 吴一鸣 Systems & Technology Group, IBM 系统科技事业部 Nov , 2013. 目录. 易云解决方案综述 优势功能介绍. 易云是什么. 定位 是 IBM 帮助客户构建基础架构云( IAAS )起步云的主打产品 特点 广泛支持 Power 服务器、 X86 架构服务器 ,支持 VMware 、 PowerVM 、 KVM , Hyper-V 虚拟软件 提供从底层硬件到上层服务的端到端的管理 安装简单、使用方便、快速见效 客户价值

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ibm system x6

IBM 云解决方案及System X6服务器

  • 吴一鸣
  • Systems & Technology Group, IBM 系统科技事业部
  • Nov, 2013
slide2
目录
  • 易云解决方案综述
  • 优势功能介绍
slide7
易云是什么
  • 定位
    • 是IBM帮助客户构建基础架构云(IAAS)起步云的主打产品
  • 特点
    • 广泛支持Power服务器、X86架构服务器,支持VMware、PowerVM、KVM,Hyper-V虚拟软件
    • 提供从底层硬件到上层服务的端到端的管理
    • 安装简单、使用方便、快速见效
  • 客户价值
    • 帮助客户快速设计和部署私有云环境,提高对云服务交付与管理的控制力,借助该方案,您可以在低项目风险的前提下,开始一段身心愉悦的云体验之旅。因此,我们也称之为“易云”。
slide8

易云分层架构

  • 具备云平台核心功能: 服务整个生命周期的管理
  • 低成本: 管理平台建设成本低
  • 快速上线:不需二次开发,一两个星期部署完成
  • 简单易用:界面友好,易于操作
  • 易于维护:从底层硬件到上层服务的端到端的管理,提高管理人员的效率
  • 完全开放:提供二次开发接口,易于定制
  • “向上生长的架构”:架构支持扩展到IBM的高级云解决方案
slide9

IBM OpenStack with Smart Cloud Entry 3.2

External Application/ Client

SCO

OpenStack consumers

SmartCloud Entry 3.2

Smart Cloud Entry UI

ICCT/ICON

SCEntry

API

User Mgt

Project

Network mapping

Cloud Admin

VM mgt

Approvals

Billing/Accounts

Metering Reports

Expiration policies

Image config

IaaS Gateway/Federation

Strategic Direction

PowerVM native support

through OpenStack

VMC/VMware adapters

IaaS Adapter

IBM OpenStack EE

Users, Projects, Tenants/Domains, Storage Configurations

Network config, Image Repo/mgt, Image Flavors, ……

Nova drivers for Hyper-V, KVM

zVM driver

PowerVC driver

PowerVC(HMC Driver)

vCenter

ISD/VMC

Hyper-V

KVM

zVM*

HMC

PowerVM through

Rack hardware

PowerVM through

NGP hardware

* zVM support will not be available from SCE layer in 2013

Agenda – Architecture – Schedules – Content – Staffing – Process – QA

9

ibm is working to accelerate openstack foundation success
IBM is working to accelerate OpenStack Foundation success

Platinum Sponsors

Because an open interoperable Cloud is critical for flexible cloud deployment and customer success…

Exponential growth in 1+ YR

APR

2012

Oct

2013

1021

Contributors

12,000+ Individuals

150

Contributors

2600 Individuals

12

IBM has 12 core contributors (1/5th across the core projects)

Gold Sponsors

2

IBM is #2 in contributions

90

IBMers active in the projects

OpenStack Participant Growth

370+

IBMers working on OpenStack – from formation of the Foundation to Code Quality & New Function

slide12

创建新项目

  • 管理当前项目
  • SCE云计算核心模块

项目经理

  • 项目管理
  • REST 服务
  • 服务流程管理

1

  • 资源调度引擎
  • 日志与报表
  • 虚拟机状态监控
  • 映像管理
  • 部署引擎
  • 计费引擎

2

登陆并

提交测试申请

  • 安全管理
  • 用户与角色管理
  • 系统管理

创建虚拟机请求

3

  • REST

提交请求

云计算管理员

  • VMControl/Vcenter
  • 映像库

4

  • 批准

云计算管理员登陆

  • 所属项目,描述,期限
  • 虚拟服务器需求:

5

  • 映像
  • RedHat 5.4

开始自动部署

  • 系统资源池
  • SCE服务流程
  • CPU
  • 2
  • Memory
  • 4G
易云功能架构

1

X86

小机

slide13
目录
  • 易云解决方案综述
  • 优势功能介绍
slide16
IBM易云之 —— 虚拟镜像

Appliances are used as templates for building Virtual Servers or Workloads

  • View Virtual Appliance Properties
  • Edit Virtual Appliance Properties
  • Deploy Virtual Appliance
    • Basic, minimal configuration options, including name, description, project, processor information, and memory are displayed
    • Advanced, all of the configuration options available for the virtual appliance are displayed.
slide17
IBM 易云之—— 工作负载

A workload is a Virtual Server or a deployed Appliance

  • Delete
  • Hide
  • View workload definition
  • Copy workload definition
  • Start/Stop
  • Capture/snapshot
  • Resize workload
slide18
IBM 易云之 —— 项目

A Project allows for the grouping of Workloads and Appliances for controlling access.

  • Owner - A project owner has administrator authority to the project and its contents.
  • User - A project user has the authority to use the project and the objects within the project. For example, a project user can deploy a virtual appliance to the project as well as do some limited management of the project and its contents.
  • Viewer - A project viewer has authority only to view the project and the virtual appliances and workloads contained in the project.
slide19
IBM 易云之 —— 审批
  • Approvals - can be turned on for new deploys, include Workload initiation, Workload resize, Virtual server attach storage, Virtual server save image and Virtual server restore
  • Results – Comments, Approval, Reject, Withdraw
slide20
IBM 易云之 —— 帐户与计费
  • Accounts - can be created/deleted by admins and users can be associated with an account.
  • Billing - Billing amount determined by admin per resource allocated, Delinquent accounts can be handled via policy (destroy resources, shutdown or do nothing by notify)
  • Metering - records of allocated resources, state and sizes and who allocated them
    • Can be used by external/3rd party reporting tools
    • Working to make this consumable w/ ITUAM
slide21

河海大学(常州校区)高性能OpenStack云计算平台项目河海大学(常州校区)高性能OpenStack云计算平台项目

客户背景:

河海大学是一所拥有97 年办学历史,以水利为特色,工科为主,多学科协调发展的教育部直属全国重点大学,“211工程”重点建设的高校之一。常州校区是河海大学具有较完整办学功能的重要组成部分。现有本科生5492人,研究生796人。教职工近600人,高级职称137人。校区设有机电工程学院、物联网工程学院、企业管理学院和基础学部。

项目背景:

河海大学物联网工程学院计划搭建高性能OpenStack云计算平台用于科研教学。STG Lab Service基于OpenStack solution所提供的service,可以提供给用户针对虚拟化、云计算,甚至大数据方面的实验教学内容,包括实验教学课程的设计等,深深吸引了用户。

IBM OpenStack解决方案:

基于IBM LBS Openstack Asset, 快速部署OpenStack社区版,Ganglia及Nagios监控到10台IBM iDataPlex dx360 M4 服务器。

OpenStack实施方案设计

iDataPlex dx360 M4硬件初始化,网络存储的设置

快速安装一个控制节点

批量安装其余9个计算节点

验证OpenStack服务及Ganglia/Nagios监控

创建镜像,部署实例

设计云计算教学教材

集成测试和培训

客户价值:

河海大学物联网工程学院以高性能OpenStack云计算平台为基础,一方面开发了基于云计算的教学课程,另一方面为探索基于云的应用(比如大数据)打下了坚实的基础,积极参与“卓越工程师教育培养计划”。

slide22

河海大学(常州校区)高性能OpenStack云计算平台项目拓扑结构河海大学(常州校区)高性能OpenStack云计算平台项目拓扑结构

1 G Ethernet (Data)

Compute Node

Compute Node

Compute Node

Control Node

Cloud

Controller

Network

Controller

VM

VM

VM

VM

VM

VM

Redhat/KVM

Redhat/KVM

Redhat/KVM

Redhat/KVM

IBM iDataPlex dx360 M4

IBM iDataPlex dx360 M4

IBM iDataPlex dx360 M4

IBM iDataPlex dx360 M4

1 G Ethernet

(IMM Network)

1G Ethernet

(Management)

Computing Nodes

Controller Node

slide24
Today’s IBM x86 Systems Portfolio provides scale up SMP computing and scale out Distributed computing

Clusters, HPC,Web 2.0& Cloud

x3850 X5

x3950 X5

Scale up/ SMP computing

Intelligent Cluster

NeXtScale

PureFlex

x3690 X5

x3755 M3

x3750 M4

Flex System

Chassis: Enterprise

X86 compute nodes: x220, x240, x440

x3550 M4

x3650 M4

x3500 M4

x3530 M4

x3400 M4

x3630 M4

BladeCenter

Chassis: S, E, H, HT

Servers: HS12, HS23E, HS23, HX5

x3250 M4

x3100 M4

Single Socket

Dual Socket

Multi Socket

High density

Scale out/ Distributed computing

slide25
X6 platforms have revolutionary new scalability that demands a new a new approach to system design, RAS and performance optimization.

2013

2014

12TB

22

120

4TB

80

14

300% more memory

50% more CPUs

57% more I/O

slide26
IBM EXA: Generations of IBM innovation delivering customers the best business critical performance and availability on x86 servers.

Continuous advancements in X86 Performance and Reliability

X6

eX5

X4

Largest SAP HANA system in the world

X3

EXA2

100+ number one

benchmarks

#1 market share

EXA

Deep co-development partnership with Intel

1st >8 way scalable solution

1st VMware joint development partner

>$1B invested in EXA Technology

win the battle for speed capacity and budget with x6
Win the battle for speed, capacity, and budget with X6

FAST

  • Traditionally….
  • Applications rely on large shared storage off-the-server for data access
  • Results in….
  • Large SAN/NAS storage tier to ensure “hit” rate
  • Contention across the network for IOP as VM density/size grows
  • High operational overhead
  • X6 Innovation….
  • Provide applications with an ultra-low latency Flash DIMM cache close to the processor
  • Delivers….
  • Over12TB flash cache data close to the processor and smaller SAN/NAS
  • Faster response times by relocating the IOPs
  • Lower operational and capital expense by 30%1

1 These percentages estimates and are subject to future IBM testing.

x6 leads flash innovation faster and more reliable
X6 leads flash innovation – faster and more reliable

Highest storage performance

Lowest price for performance

Lowest price for capacity

200GB / 400GB

  • Innovative features exclusive to X6
  • Accelerated write delivers lowest latencies
  • Soft RAID to protect your data
  • Turbo mode for highest performance
  • Driver interrupt pin for higher throughput

Up to 30% lower latency than PCIe Flash

Up to 30% lower cost than PCIe Flash

slide31

Rear-Side

  • Up to 4 Power Supplies, 2 Fans
  • 4 x PSUs
    • 900W or 1400W AC, 750W DC

Primary I/O Book

3 PCle Slots

per book

  • Primary I/O
  • Integrated Management Module (IMM)
  • 1 Dedicated xLOM Slot (selectable)
    • 4x 1GbE Copper
    • 2x 10GbE SFP+
    • 2x 10GbE 10Base T
    • 4x 10GbE (SFP+) TBD
    • 4x 10GBe (10Base T) TBD
  • 3x PCIe Gen 3 Slots (2x16, 1x8)
  • 5x USB 2.0 (4 external, 1 internal)
  • 2x TPM modules (UEFI, IMM)
  • I/O Shuttle design allows all I/O to be easily moved into 8S 8U chassis for field upgrades
  • Half-length (HL) I/O Books
    • 3x PCIe Gen 3 Slots
    • x8 (2)
    • x16 (1)
  • Full-length (FL) I/O Books
    • 3x PCIe Gen 3 Slots
    • x4 (1)
    • x16 (2)
    • Support 300W GPUs in FL
  • Mix HL and FL