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DISPENSATIONS . Given the day and age in which we live, many of the old definitions and familiar labels have changed in meaning. The label of “DISPENSATIONALIST” has been hijacked…

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dispensations
DISPENSATIONS
  • Given the day and age in which we live, many of the old definitions and familiar labels have changed in meaning.
  • The label of “DISPENSATIONALIST” has been hijacked…
  • Today, if someone claims to be a “DISPENSATIONALIST”, you had better stop and ask them to explain what they mean – and what they believe.
  • YOU WILL FIND A NUMBER OF DIFFERENT BELIEFS THAT GO BY THE LABEL OF ‘DISPENSATIONALISM’
  • Some are variations of others and some are just down right wrong…
  • To us, a ‘Dispensation’ refers to a period of time during which mankind is approached by God in a specific, unique way.
  • Nothing more and nothing less….
  • We do believe all of history can be divided into several dispensations all of which point to the Lord Jesus’ 2nd Coming when God and His creation will dwell together in righteousness, face to face….
giving it a bad name
Giving ‘it’ a Bad Name…
  • There is a wide range of ‘Dispensationalist interpretations’ from:
    • ‘Fundamental’ Extremists to the ‘Liberal’ Terrorists
        • Each willing to destroy any brother in Christ not sharing their particular view…
  • Christian firing squads always form in a circle...
  • God’s truth is:
    • typically found somewhere between the extremes of religion
    • but is always found in His Word
  • Traditional Dispensationalists believe there is a distinction between the Israel and the Church;
    • that God’s promises and dealings with Israel are not yet completed not fulfilled
    • that the Church has not and will not replace Israel as God’s chosen people
  • At the other end of the ‘Dispensationalist’ spectrum are the ‘Progressive Dispensationalists’ – Reconstructionists and the Kingdom Now beliefs
    • Since we are convinced they are in error, we will not discuss them here…
  • Between these are a whole selection of beliefs and spins for you to pick from.
for our purposes a dispensation is
For our purposes, a “DISPENSATION” is:
  • A period of time during which God approaches Mankind with His Grace in a specific way through specific people;
  • It is how God chooses to ‘dispense’
  • His revelation of Himself and His will
  • to Mankind.
  • The term dispensation is found twice in the NKJV:
    • "The dispensation of the fullness of the times" <Eph. 1:10> and
    • “The dispensation of the grace of God" <Eph. 3:2>.
  • KJV uses the term four times <1 Cor. 9:17; Eph. 1:10; 3:2; Col. 1:25>
how many are there
How Many Are There?

THE DISPENSATIONS ARE DIVIDED BASED UPON

HOW GOD AND HIS CREATION,

HOW GOD AND MAN,

RELATE TO AND INTERACT WITH EACH OTHER.

There are many Dispensational divisions depending on your particular definition of Dispensationalism…

FOR OUR PURPOSES HERE, THERE ARE 8 DISPENSATIONS.

THE DISPENSATION WE HAVE NUMBERED “0”’ IS ONLY COUNTED IF YOU INCLUDE HOW GOD RELATED TO ‘THE WHOLE OF CREATION’.

THIS WOULD BE THE UNIVERSE BEFORE THE CREATION OF MAN.

THERE ARE ONLY 7 DISPENSATIONS IF YOU LIMIT YOUR CONSIDERATION TO GOD'S DEALINGS WITH MAN.

the dispensations
THE DISPENSATIONS
  • 0] DIVINE FIAT (Latin: Let it be so) - from Eternity past to the creation of man Gen 1:1
  • 1] INNOCENCE- from Creation to the fall of man Gen 1:26 to Gen 3:5
  • 2] CONSCIENCE - from the fall of man to the flood Gen 3:6 to Gen 9:1
  • 3] HUMAN GOVERNMENT - government of mankind by man Gen 9:1 to Gen 11:10
  • 4] PROMISE- from the call of Abraham to Moses Gen 11:11 to Exod 19
  • A Mediator - A man chosen by God
  • A man  a Family  A Nation …
  • The nation of Israel (Hebrews - “God’s Chosen People) established
  • 5] LAW - from the giving of Mosaic Law to Jesus Resurrection Ex 19 to Acts 1
        • Judges  Kings and Prophets
  • 6] CHURCH AGE- from the resurrection of Christ to His 2nd Coming; Acts 1 to Rev 4
      • the Church Age; Jesus the sacrifice, mediator, and priest for man with God
        • God becomes a man  Jesus  Our Eternal Prophet, Priest and King
  • 7] KINGDOM - Jesus rules as King of Kings and Lord of Lords Rev 19:1 to Rev 20:6
        • 1,000 years of peace, righteous rule and security
dispensations how many wills
Dispensations  How many Wills
  • Divine Fiat: There is 1 Will - God’s God said it and it was so…
  • But Lucifer said: I can do as well as God can – Divine Fiat is challenged
  • Innocence: God creates Adam who walks with God in the light of God’s Will
      • God said: Walk and talk with me and see how good it is!
  • Follow me. Submit your Will to mine
  • But there are 2 Wills in the Universe – God’s and Satan’s
  • Satan said: Eve, Adam, You can do as well as God can
  • Man said: ‘I Will’ – There are now many wills in the Universe
  • Conscience: Many Wills – each doing what was right in their own eyes
  • – I’ll do it my way - Cain kills Abel.
  • Human Government: Man says: Just let us define and punish wrong for ourselves.
  • We can handle it. There are many Wills - each trying to force others to submit
  • Promise:God said: Abraham obey me and I will work through you and your descendants
  • to show man how good following my Will really is…
  • Law: Israel says: Wait a minute, if you tell us what to do, we will do it
      • But, Israel fails to do it. You can’t legislate ‘righteousness’.
      • Israel says: If you would just give us a good leader, we’d be able to stay in line. Then we’d be able to keep your law.
      • Israel gets its king and still goes its own way – As a nation it exercises its own Will rather than God’s Will. You can’t legislate and enforce ‘righteousness’.
dispensations how many wills1
Dispensations: How many Wills ???
  • Church Age:God says: Since you can’t do or be ‘right’ on your own using your own
        • resources – as Israel has proven – I’ll provide a means for you to become righteous before me.
          • Jesus is born a man, lives, dies and rises again in order to give anyone who accepts it, ‘right standing before God through Christ.
          • Call it exercising your Free Will…My Will surrendered to His Will
      • Mankind says - Hold on. If we will all just pulled together, we’d do just fine. We just need tolerance and if you won’t be tolerant, we’ll crush you…
  • Kingdom: God says:- Without Me you can do nothing –you’ve proven that. In spite of all
        • your attempts and failures, you won’t believe it. So I’m going to rule and enforce righteousness. Accept it and see how good it is. -
    • After a 1,000 years of Righteous rule – without Satan’s influence, much of Mankind says: We won’t accept or submit to your Will.
      • Mankind will have tried every way they can think of to deal with God’s will and has failed each time.
  • God says - You still reject My truth and righteousness, the world you’ve run is falling apart.
    • You can’t do it your way and won’t submit to mine even when I show you how good it is….
    • You are without excuse !! Welcome to Judgment…and a New Heaven and a New Earth
  • No more mitigating factors and No more excuses for rejecting God’s will.
  • Once again there is one will running the universe
    • Only those who have accepted God’s love and goodness and who have submitted their own wills to His will live to see it…
divine fiat
DIVINE FIAT
  • FROM CREATION TO ADAM = DIVINE FIAT;
  • GOD SAID SO, SO IT IS; AMEN…
  • Creation and Eschatology are vitally linked.
    • Both require a God – a Creator, Designer – who intrevenes
    • Both require a God who cares and is Involved with mankind’s affairs
    • Both require Man to be responsible and accountable to his Creator, God
  • GENESIS 1 (KJV)
  • In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
  • 2 And the earth was without form, and void;
  • and darkness was upon the face of the deep.
  • And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
  • 3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.
slide9

OT:1254 bara' (baw-raw'); a primitive root; (absolutely) to create; To Make from nothing

Bara’
  • GENESIS 1
  • In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
  • GENESIS 1
  • 2 And the earth was without form, and void;
  • and darkness was upon the face of the deep.
  • And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
  • 3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. (KJV)
genesis 1 2

OT:1961 hayah (haw-yaw); a primitive root [compare OT:1933]; to exist, i.e. be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary):

KJV- …, be (-come), accomplished, … , break, cause, come (to pass), ….

  • OT:8414 tohuw (to'-hoo); from an unused root meaning to lie waste; a desolation (of surface), i.e. desert; figuratively, a worthless thing; adverbially, in vain:
    • KJV-confusion, empty place, without form, nothing, (thing of) nought, vain, vanity, waste, wilderness.
  • OT:922 bohuw (bo'-hoo); from an unused root (meaning to be empty); a vacuity, i.e. (superficially) an undistinguishable ruin:
    • KJV-emptiness, void.
  • OT:2822 choshek (kho-shek'); from OT:2821; the dark; hence (literally) darkness; figuratively, misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness:
    • KJV-dark (-ness), night, obscurity.
?? GENESIS 1:2 ??
  • GENESIS 1
  • 2 And the earth was without form, and void;
  • and darkness was upon the face of the deep.
  • And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
  • 3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. (KJV)
what is the was
?? What Is the Was ??

came to be

  • GENESIS 1
  • 2 And the earth was without form, and void;
  • and darkness was upon the face of the deep.
  • And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. KJV

OT:1961 hayah (haw-yaw); a primitive root [compare OT:1933]; to exist, i.e. be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary):

KJV- …, be (-come), accomplished, … , break, cause, come (to pass), ….

  • Used 3,560 times in the Hebrew in the Old Testament:
    • Always of an intervening event or a subsequent condition.
      • Most often translated:
        • ‘And it came to pass’… or ‘It shall be’… or ‘became’
        • Or some form of the above

OT:1933 hava' (haw-vaw'); or havah (haw-vaw'); a primitive root [compare OT:183, OT:1961] supposed to mean properly, to breathe; to be (in the sense of existence): KJV-be, X have.

isaiah 45 18
Isaiah 45:18

OT:1254 bara' (baw-raw'); a primitive root; (absolutely) to create; (qualified) to cut down (a wood), select, feed (as formative processes): create (as a creator), …

  • 3588 For
  • 3541 thus
  • 559 saith
  • 3068 the LORD
  • 1254that created
  • 8064 the heavens;
  • 430 God
  • 1931 himself
  • 3335that formed
  • 776 the earth
  • 6213and made
  • 1931 it;
  • 3559 he hath established it,
  • 1254he created it
  • 3808 not
  • 8414 in vain,
  • 3335he formed it
  • 3427 to be inhabited:
  • 589 I
  • 9999 am
  • 3068 the LORD;
  • 369 and there is none
  • 5750 else. KJV

OT:3335 yatsar (yaw-tsar'); probably identical with OT:3334 (through the squeezing into shape); ([compare OT:3331]); to mould into a form; especially as a potter; figuratively, to determine (i.e. form a resolution)

OT:6213 `asah (aw-saw'); a primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application (as follows); to press, to squeeze, to do, to produce…

  • Check Genesis 1 – 3 again
    • What was ‘Created’?
    • What was ‘formed’?
    • What was ‘produced / built’?
isaiah 45 181
Isaiah 45:18
  • OT:3559 kuwn (koon); a primitive root; properly, to be erect (i.e. stand perpendicular); hence (causatively) to set up, in a great variety of applications, whether literal (establish, fix, prepare, apply), or figurative (appoint, render sure, proper or prosperous):
    • KJV-certain (-ty), confirm, direct, faithfulness, fashion, fasten, firm, be fitted, be fixed, frame, be meet, ordain, order, perfect, (make) preparation, prepare (self), provide, make provision, (be, make) ready, right, set (aright, fast, forth), be stable, (e-) stablish, stand, tarry, X very deed.
  • 3588 For
  • 3541 thus
  • 559 saith
  • 3068 the LORD
  • 1254 that created
  • 8064 the heavens;
  • 430 God
  • 1931 himself
  • 3335 that formed
  • 776 the earth
  • 6213 and made
  • 1931 it;
  • 3559 he hath established it,
  • 1254 he created it
  • 3808 not
  • 8414 in vain,
  • 3335 he formed it
  • 3427 to be inhabited:
  • 589 I
  • 9999 am
  • 3068 the LORD;
  • 369 and there is none
  • 5750 else. KJV
  • OT:8414 tohuw (to'-hoo); from an unused root meaning to lie waste; a desolation (of surface), i.e. desert; figuratively, a worthless thing; adverbially, in vain:
    • KJV-confusion, empty place, without form, nothing, (thing of) nought, vain, vanity, waste, wilderness.

he created it

not

in vain,

he formed it

to be inhabited:

  • Versus Gen 1:2 OT:922 bohuw (bo'-hoo); from an unused root (meaning to be empty); a vacuity, i.e. (superficially) an undistinguishable ruin:
    • KJV-emptiness, void.
eternity past 4000 years bc
ETERNITY PAST >= 4000 YEARS BC
  • So Scripture indicates that BETWEEN GEN 1:1 AND 1:3 THERE WAS A LONG PASSING OF TIME during which GOD’s Creation went from order and fit for inhabitation to chaos, disorder and uphevil due to some event or circumstance.
  • VERSE 1 - GOD CREATES THE UNIVERSE ISA 45:18
  • (GIVES LUCIFER DELEGATED AUTHORITY OVER IT) ISA 14:12-17 / EZEK 28:11-19
  • VERSE 2 - LUCIFER FALLS AND IS PUT DOWN (LOSING GOD'S AUTHORITY).
  • VERSE 3 - GOD RESTORES ORDER
  • CREATES MAN "A LITTLE LOWER THAN THE ANGELS“ PS 8:4-9 / HEB 2:6-9
    • DELEGATES HIS AUTHORITY OVER CREATION TO MAN. GEN 1:26-28
  • -- OR IT MAY BE THAT –
    • THERE WAS NO DISRUPTION OR CHAOS IMPOSED ON EARTH BETWEEN GEN 1:1-3
    • THAT GOD COULDN’T SAY WHAT HE REALLY MEANT THROUGH ISAIAH.
  • -- OR IT MAY BE THAT –
    • THAT GOD SAID EXACTLY WHAT HE MEANT AND THAT IT HAPPENED JUST THAT WAY
eternity past 4000 years bc1
ETERNITY PAST >= 4000 YEARS BC
  • DOMINION = STRONG'S # 7287 RADAH (RAW‑DAW');
    • A PRIMITIVE ROOT; TO TREAD DOWN,
    • I.E. SUBJUGATE; SPECIFICALLY, TO CRUMBLE OFF:
      • KJV‑‑ (COME TO, MAKE TO) HAVE DOMINION, PREVAIL AGAINST, REIGN, (BEAR, MAKE TO) RULE OVER, TAKE. (DIC)
  • SUBDUE = STRONG'S # 3533 KABASH (KAW‑BASH');
    • A PRIMITIVE ROOT; TO TREAD DOWN; HENCE, NEGATIVELY, TO DISREGARD; POSITIVELY, TO CONQUER, SUBJUGATE, VIOLATE:
      • KJV‑‑ BRING INTO BONDAGE, FORCE, KEEP UNDER, SUBDUE, BRING INTO SUBJECTION. (DIC)
eternity past 4000 years bc2
ETERNITY PAST >= 4000 YEARS BC
  • Until Lucifer fell, there was ONE and ONLY ONE WILL in the universe – GOD’s WILL.
  • But then Iniquity was found in Lucifer
    • – He decided he could become LIKE the Most High
    • – He determined to ascend above God’s Throne
    • – He exercised a WILL of his own.
    • – He set his own WILL above God’s WILL.
  • There were now (2) WILLS in the Universe.
eternity past 4000 years bc3
ETERNITY PAST >= 4000 YEARS BC
  • ACCORDING TO EZEK 28:13, LUCIFER WAS IN EDEN ADORNED AND ARRAYED AS GOD’S ANNOINTED CHERUB. (vs12 & 14)
    • THE FALL OF LUCIFER MUST HAVE HAPPENED AFTER EDEN HAD BEEN CREATED
  • GEN 1:2 EARTH WITHOUT FORM AND VOID ...
  • DARKNESS COVERED THE FACE OF THE DEEP.
  • Did God permit Lucifer to continue his authority over creation as proof and a witness to the angels that Lucifer was incapable of being LIKE God with the result that creation – intended by God for order and inhabitation - disintegrated into chaos and darkness ??
  • Or was the change in creation a result of sin’s entry – a catastrophic event brought about by the Iniquity found in Lucifer ??
  • Or was it a result of Lucifer’s rage and anger at being thrown down from his lofty position ??
  • WE CANNOT ABSOLUTELY TELL FROM SCRIPTURE
eternity past 4000 years bc4
ETERNITY PAST >= 4000 YEARS BC
  • FALL OF LUCIFER (KING OF TYRE - LIT: KING OF STONE, ROCK)
  • EZEK 28:11-19
    • 11 Moreover the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
    • 12 Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus, and say unto him, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty.
    • 13 Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created.
    • 14 Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee so: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire.
    • 15 Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee.
    • 16 By the multitude of thy merchandise they have filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned: therefore I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy thee, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire.
    • 17 Thine heart was lifted up because of thy beauty, thou hast corrupted thy wisdom by reason of thy brightness: I will cast thee to the ground, I will lay thee before kings, that they may behold thee.
    • 18 Thou hast defiled thy sanctuaries by the multitude of thine iniquities, by the iniquity of thy traffick; therefore will I bring forth a fire from the midst of thee, it shall devour thee, and I will bring thee to ashes upon the earth in the sight of all them that behold thee.
    • 19 All they that know thee among the people shall be astonished at thee: thou shalt be a terror, and never shalt thou be any more. (KJV)
eternity past 4000 years bc5
ETERNITY PAST >= 4000 YEARS BC
  • FALL OF LUCIFER (THE KING OF BABYLON)
  • ISA 14:12-17
    • 12 How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!
    • 13 For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:
    • 14 I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.
    • 15 Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit.
    • 16 They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms;
    • 17 That made the world as a wilderness, and destroyed the cities thereof; that opened not the house of his prisoners? (KJV)
creation destruction cyles in scripture
CREATION / DESTRUCTION CYLES IN SCRIPTURE
  • GEN 1:1-19 CREATION, HEAVEN, EARTH, UNIVERSE, 6 DAY CREATION
  • PS 102:25-26 GOD LAID THE FOUNDATION OF THE EARTH
  • GEN 2:4 EARTH BEFORE THE 6 DAY CREATION
  • ISA 45:18 GOD FORMED THE EARTH TO BE INHABITED
  • JOB 38:1-7 'WHERE WERE YOU WHEN I LAID THE FOUNDATIONS OF
  • THE EARTH...?'
  • GEN 3:22 'MAN HAS BECOME ONE OF US' - REMOVE HIM FROM
  • GARDEN BEFORE HE EATS OF THE TREE OF LIFE
  • JER 4:23-28 GOD VIEWS EARTH 'WITHOUT FORM AND VOID' DUE TO
  • FOOLISHNESS OF MAN
  • 2 PETER 2:5 EARTH'S DESTRUCTION (BY FLOOD AT NOAH'S TIME)
  • 2 PETER 3:5-7 EARTH'S DESTRUCTION (BY FLOOD AT NOAH'S TIME)
  • REV 21:1 NEW (YOUNG OF AGE) HEAVEN AND EARTH -
      • OLD IS PASSED AWAY
man created in god s own image becomes the mediator between creation and god
MAN, CREATED IN GOD'S OWN IMAGE, BECOMES THE MEDIATOR BETWEEN CREATION AND GOD.
  • GOD DIRECTS AND MAN ADMINISTERS.
  • MAN IS GIVEN RESPONSIBILITY TO SUBDUE AND HAVE DOMINION.
  • GEN 1:28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. (KJV)
    • HEB 2:6 But one in a certain place testified, saying, What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man, that thou visitest him? 7 Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands: (KJV)
    • PS 8:1 O LORD our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth! who hast set thy glory above the heavens. 2 Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength because of thine enemies, that thou mightest still the enemy and the avenger. 3 When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained; 4 What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him? 5 For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honour. 6 Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet: (KJV)
transgression
TRANSGRESSION
  • TRANSGRESSION:
  • TO EXCEED SET LIMITS;
  • TO GO BEYOND A BOUNDARY.
  • ADAM'S SIN (TRANSGRESSION) WAS TO GO BEYOND GOD'S LIMITS (DIRECTION) AS GOD'S ADMINISTRATOR (MEDIATOR) ON EARTH.
  • Like Satan before him, Adam, as an act of his own will acted in defiance of God’s will
lucifer light bearer
LUCIFER: Light Bearer
  • INITIALLY HAD BEEN GIVEN GOD’S DELEGATED AUTHORITY OVER CREATION.
  • LUCIFER LOST HIS GOD GIVEN POSITION AND AUTHORITY BY PRESUMPTUOUS REBELLION AGAINST GOD'S OWN SOVEREIGNTY AND AUTHORITY
  • EVENTUALLY – FOR HIS OWN REASONS - GOD RESTORED HIS CREATION ORDER,
  • LUCIFER, NOW CALLED SATAN (THE DEVIL), BEGINS TO INTERFERE WITH MAN AND BECOMES A MAJOR PLAYER IN MAN'S RELATIONSHIP WITH GOD.
  • LUCIFER (SATAN) HOPED TO GET MAN – GOD’S NEW IMTERMEDIARY HAVING AUTHORITY AND DOMINION OVER CREATION – TO REJECT GOD’S WILL IN FAVOR OF SATAN’S WILL
    • MAN CROSSED HIM UP
    • INSTEAD OF IGNORING GOD’S WILL AND FOLLOWING AND SUBMITING TO SATAN’S WILL, MAN CHOOSE TO FOLLOW HIS OWN WILL
  • Instead of just (2) WILLS in the Universe, there were now 4 WILLS and with each new human birth another WILL came into play.
the fall of man
THE FALL OF MAN
  • GEN 3:1‑5
    • 1 Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?
    • 2 And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden:
    • 3 But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.
    • 4 And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die:
    • 5 For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil. (KJV)
        • TEMPTED TO KNOW GOOD AND EVIL AS IF GODS.
        • MAN ‘WILLS’ TO LIVE WITHOUT GOD’S GUIDANCE
dilemma
DILEMMA

WITH ADAM'S FALL, HE, HIS SEED AND ALL CREATION WAS LEFT WITHOUT A MEDIATOR WHO HAD RIGHTFUL ACCESS TO AND FELLOWSHIP WITH GOD.

SOMEONE WAS NEEDED WHO COULD AND WOULD ACT IN GOD'S BEHALF WITH CREATION AND ON CREATION'S BEHALF WITH GOD.

god of this world
GOD OF THIS WORLD
  • SATAN BECAME "THE GOD OF THIS WORLD" - (COSMOS: WORLD SYSTEM) - MANIPULATING, USURPING AND INFLUENCING THE AFFAIRS OF CREATION, MEN AND NATIONS ALL OF WHOM WERE NOW WITHOUT A MEDIATOR.
  • SATAN SEIZED UPON THE VOID LEFT BETWEEN GOD AND CREATION TO IMPOSE HIS WILL AND RULE BY TAKING ANY MAN (WHO WAS CREATED AS AN INDEPENDENT SPIRITUAL BEING WITH A FREE WILL OF HIS OWN) CAPTIVE WHO WOULD NOT PERSONALLY RESIST SATAN AND YIELD TO GOD.
  • SATAN OPPOSED THOSE WHO DID RESIST HIM, OPPRESSING THEM IN ANY AND EVERY WAY POSSIBLE.
  • 1 JOHN 5:19 And we know that we are of God,
  • and the whole world lieth in wickedness. (KJV)
  • ROM 8:22 For we know that the whole creation
  • groaneth and travaileth in pain together
  • until now. (KJV)
justice demands payment
JUSTICE DEMANDS PAYMENT
  • THE NOW DISOBEDIENT MAN AND WOMAN AND ALL THEIR PROGENY ‘AFTER THEIR KIND’, WERE TAINTED BY SIN.
  • THAT SIN CAUSED SEPARATION FROM GOD.
  • THE ‘WAGES OF SIN IS DEATH’ (ETERNAL SEPARATION FROM GOD)
    • THE ONLY WAY A MAN CAN BE JUSTIFIED IS TO DIE IN PAYMENT FOR AND AS A RESULT OF HIS OWN PERSONAL SIN.
    • IF A MAN DIES FOR HIS SIN, HE DIES IN HIS SIN.
  • GOD’S JUSTICE DEMANDED THAT THE PENALTY OF SIN BE PAID.
  • GOD’S HOLINESS COULD NOT IGNORE SIN OR ITS CONSEQUENCES
  • MANS SIN REQUIRED THAT MAN PAY THE PRICE OF GOD’S JUSTICE
  • A WAY OF EXACTING GOD’S JUSTICE FOR SIN NEEDED TO BE FOUND THAT DIDN’T RESULT IN THE DEATH OF THE SINNER.
  • A MAN - A MEDIATOR - WITHOUT SIN - NEEDED TO BE FOUND
  • WHO WAS WILLING TO DIE IN SINFUL MAN’S PLACE.
god has a plan
GOD HAS A PLAN
  • GOD IMMEDIATELY INITIATED A PLAN TO USE MAN TO DEAL WITH AND DEFEAT SATAN AND SIN ONCE AND FOR ALL.
  • ALL THE WHILE GOD WOULD BE ESTABLISHING A WAY, FOR THOSE WILLING TO TAKE IT, TO ENJOY NEW RE-ESTABLISHED RELATIONSHIP AND FELLOWSHIP WITH GOD FOR ETERNITY.
  • Gen 3:14-15 And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life: 15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. (KJV)
  • GOD'S PLAN FOR DEALING WITH SIN, SATAN AND MAN'S REDEMPTION BEGINS.
      • GOD BEGINS TO ESTABLISH A MEDIATORIAL KINGDOM; THE SOVEREIGN RULE OF GOD THROUGH HIS DIVINELY CHOSEN EARTHLY REPRESENTATIVE.
mediator
MEDIATOR
  • THE WORD 'MEDIATOR' IS NOT FOUND
  • IN THE OLD TESTAMENT SCRIPTURES.
  • THE OLD TESTAMENT USES "DAYSMAN" MEANING ARBITRATOR OR UMPIRE SINCE THERE WAS NO MAN WORTHY OF BEING A MEDIATOR BEFORE GOD FOR MAN.
  • DAYSMAN Strong's # 3198 yakach (yaw‑kahh');
    • A primitive root; to be right (i.e. correct); reciprocal, to argue; causatively, to decide, justify or convict:
      • ‑appoint, argue, chasten, convince, correct (‑ion), daysman, dispute, judge, maintain, plead, reason (together), rebuke, reprove (‑r), surely, in any wise. Yekiyleyah. See 3203. (DIC)
      • JOB 9:33 Neither is there any daysman betwixt us, that might lay his hand upon us both. (KJV)
3 aspects of mediators
3 ASPECTS OF MEDIATORS
  • MEDIATION WITH GOD HAS 3 ASPECTS:
  • PROPHET – God’s mediator to the people
  • PRIEST – People’s mediator with God AND
  • THEOCRATIC KING – God’s ruler.
  • GOD'S MEDIATORS HELD ALL THREE OFFICES (OR AT LEAST ALL THREE OFFICES WERE PRESENT, EVEN IF SPREAD AMONG DIFFERENT INDIVIDUALS).
theocracy
THEOCRACY
  • THEOCRACY:
    • NO MATTER WHAT OR WHO THE MEDIATOR IS,
    • GOD RULES SOLELY.
    • THE MEDIATOR IS MERELY GOD'S AGENT.
    • IT IS THE GOVERNMENT AND DIRECTION OF GOD EXERCISED THROUGH A DIVINELY CHOSEN REPRESENTATIVE TO RULE, ACT AND SPEAK FOR GOD ON EARTH.
  • WHILE NOT A BIBLICAL WORD
  • IT IS AN ABSOLUTE CONCEPT IN SCRIPTURE
help wanted mediator
HELP WANTED: MEDIATOR
  • FOR THE TIME IMMEDIATELY AFTER ADAM'S FALL, THERE WAS NO MEDIATOR.
  • WITHOUT A MEDIATOR OR PROCESS FOR MEDIATION, ADAM'S OFFSPRING WERE LEFT TO THEIR OWN UNRESTRAINED NATURAL IMPULSES AND REASONING
  • WITH SATAN INVITING THEM TO CHOSE WRONG PATHS.
age of conscience 4000 2000 bc
AGE OF CONSCIENCE = 4000-2000 BC
  • FROM FALLEN ADAM TO THE FLOOD
    • (3975 BC TO 2318 BC) = AGE OF CONSCIENCE
  • FROM NOAH TO CALL OF ABRAHAM
    • (2318 BC TO 1927 BC) = AGE OF HUMAN GOVERNMENT
  • FROM THE CALL OF ABRAHAM TO MOSES
    • (1927 BC TO 1462 BC) = AGE OF PROMISE
    • DATES ARE BASED ON ARCHBISHOP USSHER’S
    • CHRONOLOGY AND MAY NOT BE ACCURATE
age of conscience 4000 2000 bc1
AGE OF CONSCIENCE = 4000-2000 BC
  • CONSCIENCE = MORAL LAW (RIGHT AND WRONG) BY INTUITION
  • CONSCIENCE WAS AND IS NOT A MEDIATOR BETWEEN MAN AND GOD.
  • GIVEN A CHOICE CONSCIENCE ALWAYS
  • DEFENDS ONE WAY AND REJECTS THE OTHER.
  • THE CHOICE DEFENDED IS NOT ALWAYS (AND IS SELDOM EVER) THE CORRECT CHOICE IN THE ABSENCE OF GOD'S MEDIATOR.
    • PROV 14:12 ISA 53:6
age of conscience 4000 2000 bc2
AGE OF CONSCIENCE = 4000-2000 BC
  • THE AGE OF CONSCIENCE LASTED NEARLY 2000 YEARS UNTIL MAN BECAME SO SEPARATED FROM GOD THAT GOD "REPENTED THAT HE HAD MADE MAN ON THE EARTH".
    • GEN 6:6 GEN 6:11‑12
  • GOD PRONOUNCED JUDGEMENT ON EVIL - DEFERRING IT FOR 120 YEARS - GIVING NOAH TIME TO WORK TO 'SAVE' OTHERS OF HIS TIME AND RACE FROM THE DESTRUCTION TO COME.
age of conscience 4000 2000 bc3
AGE OF CONSCIENCE = 4000-2000 BC
  • GOD PROVIDED THOSE WHO SERVED HIM A WAY OF ESCAPE FROM JUDGEMENT.
  • GEN 6:3
  • WHAT NOAH DID OR WHAT IT WAS ABOUT NOAH THAT CAUSED GOD TO SPARE HIM WE DO NOT KNOW FOR CERTAIN. SCRIPTURE DOES SAY THAT ‘NOAH WAS PERFECT IN HIS GENERATIONS’ [Ancestry] IN A VERY CORRUPT, PERVERTED TIME.
  • 'NOAH FOUND GRACE' IN GOD'S EYES AND GOD DECLARED HIM TO BE RIGHTEOUS. HE AND THOSE WITH HIM (8 IN ALL; HIS WIFE, 3 SONS AND THEIR WIVES) WERE SAVED AND SPARED.
  • GEN 6:8 GEN 7:1
human government
HUMAN GOVERNMENT
  • UPON LEAVING THE ARK, NOAH AND THOSE WITH HIM WERE GIVEN THE SAME COMMAND AS WAS GIVEN TO ADAM IN THE GARDEN.
  • THEY ESTABLISHED A GOVERNMENT OVER MANKIND.
    • THIS WAS A GOVERNMENT RUN BY GOD WORKING THROUGH HUMAN RULERS (REPRESENTATIVES) RESPONSIBLE TO HIM AND ACCOUNTABLE TO HIM.
  • THIS WAS NO LONGER AN AGE OF CONSCIENCE (EVERYONE DOING RIGHT IN HIS OWN EYES), BUT MAN RULING MEN AS DIRECTED BY GOD.
    • GEN 9:1‑9
human government1
HUMAN GOVERNMENT
  • AS TIME AND THE GENERATIONS PASSED, INDIFFERENCE TO GOD GREW UNTIL MEN FINALLY BEGAN TO REPUDIATE GOD'S SOVEREIGNTY AND ATTEMPTED TO ESTABLISH A CENTRAL ONE WORLD GOVERNMENT WITHOUT THE 'INTERFERENCE' OF GOD'S MORAL SOVEREIGNTY.
human government2
HUMAN GOVERNMENT
  • NIMROD (SON OF CUSH, A SON OF HAM, A SON OF NOAH) TRIED TO ESTABLISH HIS RULE OVER ALL THE "KINGDOM'S OF THE WORLD".
  • THIS WOULD RESULT IN THE FIRST WORLD EMPIRE CENTERED IN BABYLON.
    • SHINAR = SOUTHERN BABYLONIA = CHALDEA
      • BABYLON IS LOCATED APPROXIMATELY 40 MILES SOUTH OF BAGHDAD ON OR NEAR THE EUPHRATES RIVER IN MODERN IRAQ.
  • GEN 10:1‑32
      • NOTE: GENESIS 10 INDICATES THE AREAS OF THE EARTH POPULATED BY THE CHILDREN OF NOAH AND THEIR OFFSPRING.
the age of promise
THE AGE OF PROMISE
  • WITH THE SPREAD OF IDOLATRY AND SELF WORSHIP, GOD CHOSE A MAN NAMED ABRAM, TO ESTABLISH A UNIQUE NATION TO BE IDENTIFIED AS GOD'S OWN AND THROUGH WHICH HE WOULD WORK AND REVEAL HIMSELF TO OTHERS.
  • THEIR PURPOSE WOULD BE TO:
    • RECEIVE, PROTECT AND PRESERVE REVELATION ROM 3:2
    • BRING THE PROMISED REDEEMER
    • ISA 7:14 MATT 1:1 MATT 1:21
    • GIVE TESTIMONY TO THE NATIONS OF THE BLESSING OF SERVING GOD
    • DEUT 4:5‑8
the age of promise1
THE AGE OF PROMISE
  • EVENTUALLY GOD WOULD USE THE NATIONS TO BE A TESTIMONY TO ISRAEL REGARDING THE BLESSINGS OF SERVING GOD
  • ROMANS 10:19
  • RENAMED, ABRAHAM WAS GIVEN MANY PROMISES AND A COVENANT BY GOD:
  • GEN 12:1‑3
  • GEN 13:14‑17
  • GEN 17:7‑8
  • DEUT 7:6‑8
the age of promise2
THE AGE OF PROMISE
  • ABRAHAMIC COVENANT - GEN 12-13 - CONTAINED SEVERAL PROMISES OF GOD:
    • MAKE OF YOU GREAT NATION (70 INTO EGYPT, 2-4 MILLION OUT)
    • BLESS THEE, THOU WILT BE A BLESSING
    • THY SEED WILL BE AS THE DUST OF THE EARTH
    • YOU WILL BE THE FATHER OF MANY NATIONS (COMPLETED IN CHRIST JESUS)
    • CANAAN WILL BE TO YOU (AND YOUR POSTERITY) AN EVERLASTING POSSESSION
    • I WILL BLESS THEM THAT BLESS THEE AND CURSE THEM THAT CURSE THEE
    • ALL SHALL BE BLESSED IN THEE
the age of promise3
THE AGE OF PROMISE
  • SOME COVENANTS AND PROMISES ARE CONDITIONAL; THEY CONTAIN AN 'IF YOU WILL DO THIS THEN I WILL DO THIS...' OTHERS WERE UNCONDITIONAL, GOD SIMPLY SAYING 'I WILL DO THIS'.
  • THERE HAVE BEEN 4 MAJOR 'UNCONDITIONAL' COVENANTS:
  • 1) ABRAHAMIC 3) DAVIDIC
  • 2) PALESTINIAN 4) NEW COVENANT
  • NOTE: THE MOSAIC COVENANT WAS CONDITIONAL. EXOD 19:3‑6
  • NOTE: IN THE CHURCH AGE THE CHURCH BECAME A KINGDOM OF PRIESTS
      • AND AN HOLY NATION SEPARATED TO GOD. 1 PETER 2:9
the age of promise4
THE AGE OF PROMISE
  • UNCONDITIONAL COVENANTS ARE PROMISES FROM GOD THAT HE WILL DO OR PROVIDE SOMETHING NOT BASED ON HUMAN BEHAVIOR OR THE WORKS AND DEEDS OF THE COVENANT PEOPLE BUT BECAUSE GOD SAID HE WOULD DO THEM. THEY CARRY A DIVINE 'I WILL' WITHOUT AN 'AS LONG AS'.
      • SOMETIMES THE 'UNCONDITIONAL' COVENANT DID CARRY AN INITIAL 'IF YOU'. ONCE THE INITIAL 'IF YOU' WAS ACCOMPLISHED, GOD'S PART OF THE COVENANT (CONTRACT, AGREEMENT) WOULD NOT BE BROKEN - NO MATTER WHAT. GOD WILL DO WHAT HE SAYS AND PROMISES.
the age of promise5
THE AGE OF PROMISE
  • IN OTHER CASES GOD MADE COVENANT PROMISES TO INDIVIDUALS (OR NATIONS) THAT WERE CONDITIONED ON THE PEOPLE INVOLVED ALSO DOING SOMETHING.
  • 'AS LONG AS' THE PEOPLE INVOLVED MET THE CONDITION, THEN GOD'S PORTION OF THE AGREEMENT BECAME UNCONDITIONAL.
      • IF THEY DID NOT KEEP THE PROVISIONS OF THE AGREEMENT, GOD WAS UNDER NO OBLIGATION TO KEEP HIS END OF THE AGREEMENT.
the age of promise6
THE AGE OF PROMISE
  • IN GEN 1-11 = GOD'S MEDIATORIAL DEALINGS WERE WITH THE WHOLE OF EARTH'S HUMANITY
  • GEN 12 ON = GOD'S MEDIATORIAL DEALINGS NARROW TO ONE MAN THEN EXPAND TO ONE FAMILY THEN TO ONE NATION THEN TO EVERY INDIVIDUAL IN THE WORLD AGAIN ONCE A WORTHY MEDIATOR IS RE-ESTABLISHED.
  • GOD'S DEALINGS HAVE ONE THEME - MAN'S SALVATION LEADING TO ONE GOAL - THE REDEMPTION OF MAN THROUGH THE WORK OF JESUS
  • JOHN 20:31 But these are written, that ye might believe that
  • Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing
  • ye might have life through his name. (KJV)
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad moses to jesus resurrection 1462 bc to 29 ad
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 ADMOSES TO JESUS RESURRECTION = (1462 BC TO 29 AD)
  • DATES ARE APPROXIMATE BASED ON USSHER'S CHRONOLOGY:
  • BC 1500 MOSES (A.M. 2433-2553) 600 ZEDEKIAH (A.M. ????-????)
  • 1400 JOSHUA (A.M. 2460-????) 600 JEREMIAH
  • (A.M. 3375 MINISTRY BEGINS)
  • 1175 SAMUEL (A.M. 2833-????) 600 NEBUCHADNEZZAR (A.M. ????-3442)
  • 1100 SAUL (A.M. ????-????) 585 CONIAH (JECONIAH)
  • (A.M. 3406 THRONE)
  • 1050 DAVID (A.M. 2919-????) 585 EZEKIEL (A.M. 3409 MINISTRY BEGINS)
  • 1000 SOLOMON (A.M.2971-3029) 550 DANIEL (A.M. 3398 TO BABYLON)
  • 850 ELIJAH (A.M. ????-????) 540 BELSHAZZER (A.M. ????-????)
  • 825 ELISHA (A.M. ????-????) 530 CYRUS (A.M. ????-????)
  • 700 ISAIAH (A.M. ????-????) 520 ZECHARIAH (A.M.3484 RETURNED
  • FROM BABYLON)
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 AD
  • IN GOD'S TIME (400 YEARS FROM IT'S ENTERING EGYPT AS PROPHESIED), A DELIVERER IS SENT TO "BRING ISRAEL OUT" OF EGYPT
  • GOD APPOINTS THE TIME,
  • THE MEANS AND THE MEDIATOR.
  • EXOD 3:15
  • AT MOUNT SINAI, ISRAEL IS CONSECRATED (SET APART) AND IS ORGANIZED INTO IT'S VARIOUS HOSTS. ISRAEL'S NATIONAL HISTORY BEGINS.
  • NUM 1:1‑3
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad1
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 AD
  • MOSES RULED ISRAEL IN A THEOCRACY.
  • THEOCRACY: THE GOVERNMENT AND DIRECTION OF GOD EXERCISED THROUGH A DIVINELY CHOSEN REPRESENTATIVE TO RULE, ACT AND SPEAK FOR GOD ON EARTH.
  • NO MATTER WHAT OR WHO THE MEDIATOR IS, GOD RULES SOLELY.
  • THE MEDIATOR IS GOD'S AGENT.
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad2
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 AD
  • THE MOSAIC COVENANT WAS CONDITIONED ON OBEDIENCE TO GOD'S LAW.
      • TORAH = THROWING OUT OR POINTING OUT (AS IN POINTING OUT GOD'S WISHES AND LAW.)
  • EXOD 20-24
  • THE PALESTINIAN COVENANT, HOWEVER, WAS A DIVINE GUARANTEE OF CANAAN AS AN EVERLASTING POSSESSION.
  • GEN 17:7‑11
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad3
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 AD
  • IN HISTORY ANY TIME ISRAEL FOLLOWED GOD THEY ENJOYED THE PROMISED LAND UNHINDERED.
  • EVERY TIME THEY TURNED FROM GOD, THEY WERE STRIPPED OF THE ENJOYMENT OF THEIR POSSESSION BUT THEY ALWAYS GOT IT BACK.
    • THIS REMOVING OF ISRAEL OUT OF THE PROMISED LAND DOES NOT MAKE THE PROMISE VOID.
  • CANAAN IS ISRAEL'S BY THE ORDER OF GOD WHETHER THEY HAPPEN TO LIVE THERE OR NOT. ULTIMATELY, THEY WILL POSSESS IT.
  • DEUT 30:1‑10
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad4
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 AD
  • HISTORY RECORDS 3 DISPERSIONS FROM THE LAND BUT ONLY 2 RESTORATIONS.
  • 430 YEARS IN EGYPT
  • GEN 15:13‑14 EXOD 12:41
  • 70 YEARS IN BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY (A PARTIAL RESTORATION - SOME STAYED IN BABYLON BY CHOICE)
  • JER 25:11 JER 27:22
  • EZRA 2:1‑70 EZRA 7:1‑28
  • EZRA 8:1‑36
  • FINAL WORLDWIDE DISPERSION (70 A.D.)
  • DUET 28:63-67
      • MAY 5, 1948 ISRAEL ESTABLISHED,
      • FINAL RESTORATION BEGINS.
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad5
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 AD
  • AS A THEOCRATIC RULER MOSES WAS FOLLOWED BY JOSHUA.
  • JOSH 1:5
  • JOSHUA WAS FOLLOWED BY ISRAEL'S ELDERS (JUDGES).
  • JUDG 2:16‑18
the judges of israel
THE JUDGES OF ISRAEL
  • Othniel (Judges 3:7-11) 1st Judge after Joshua's death
  • Ehud (Judges 3:12-30) Fought the Moabites
  • Shagmar (Judges 3:31) Led Israelites against the Philistines
  • Deborah (Judges 4-5) Prophetess, guided Barak to victory over the Canaanites, only female judge
  • Gideon (Judges 6-8) Defeated Midianites with 300 men
  • Abimelech (Judges 9) Only judge to win leadership through treachery
  • Tola (Judges 10:1-5) Judged Israel for 23 years
  • Yair (Judges 10:1-5) Judged Israel for 22 years
  • Jepthah (Judges 10:17-12:7) Defeated Ammonites
  • Ibzan (Judges12:8-15) Judged people for 7 years
  • Elon (Judges 12:8-15) Judge for 10 years
  • Abdon (Judges 12:8-15) Ruled for 8 years
  • Samson (Judges 13-16) Fought Phillistines singlehandedly
  • Eli (1 Samuel 1:9) Priest, ruled people from the sanctuary at Gilo
  • Samuel Last judge before the kingdom came under the rule of Saul
  • Note: Between some of the Judges of Israel, there were periods of
  • time when Israel was in servitude to foreign powers…those years
  • are not listed here.
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad6
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 AD
  • SAMUEL WAS THE LAST JUDGE TO PRESIDE OVER ISRAEL. GOVERNMENT CHANGED FROM A THEOCRACY (IMMEDIATE RULE OF GOD) TO A MONARCHY (IMMEDIATE RULE OF MAN)
  • MONARCHY: GOD'S GOVERNMENT MEDIATED THROUGH A DIVINELY APPOINTED MAN RULER.
  • THIS WAS NOT GOD'S PERFECT WILL (HIS BEST PLAN FOR ISRAEL) BUT HIS PERMISSIVE WILL.
  • 1 SAM 12:12‑13
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad7
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 AD
  • THE TEMPTATION TO FOLLOW WORLD'S STANDARD IS EVER PRESENT.
  • ISRAEL WANTED A KING JUST LIKE ALL THE OTHER NATIONS. ACTUALLY THIS WAS A FULFILLMENT OF A PROMISE TO ABRAHAM THAT "KINGS SHALL COME OUT OF THEE"
  • GEN 17:6
  • PERFECT MONARCHY:
      • GOD RULING THROUGH A KING WHO MEETS ALL THE JUST AND RIGHTEOUS DEMANDS OF JEHOVAH AND ALL THE RELIGIOUS, MORAL, CIVIL, SOCIAL AND ETERNAL NEEDS OF HIS PEOPLE.
  • UNFORTUNATELY ISRAEL HAD IMPERFECT KINGS
  • (AS IS THE CASE WITH ALL MEN).
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad8
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 AD
  • GOD APPOINTED ISRAEL'S FIRST 3 KINGS:
  • SAUL ==>
  • DAVID (THE COVENANT KING) ==>
      • (10th generation from PEREZ)
      • SOLOMON
      • (LAST KING APPOINTED BY GOD)
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad9
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 AD
  • THE DAVIDIC COVENANT DEALT WITH DAVID'S THRONE AND HIS LINEAGE. IT INVOLVED:
  • 1) HIS HOUSE (DYNASTY)
  • 2) HIS KINGDOM
  • 3) HIS THRONE FOREVER = MESSIANIC KINGDOM
  • THRONE = DOMINION, REIGN, RULE, KINGLY POWER, AUTHORITY
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad10
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 AD
  • IT STATED THAT:
  • 1) A SON WOULD COME AFTER HIM
  • 2) GOD WOULD ESTABLISH HIS (DAVID'S) KINGDOM
  • 3) HE (DAVID'S HERITAGE) WOULD BUILD A HOUSE TO THE LORD
  • 4) DAVID'S LINEAGE WOULD RULE FOREVER
  • 2 SAM 7:12‑16
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad11
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 AD
  • THESE PROMISES GOD MADE TO ABRAHAM OR DAVID OR ISRAEL WERE MADE TO THEM AS HIS MEDIATOR REPRESENTING HIS PEOPLE.
  • DAVID AS MEDIATOR FOR GOD'S PEOPLE WAS THE PERSONAL RECIPIENT OF GOD'S PROMISES THAT WERE TO EXTEND THROUGH ETERNITY.
  • AFTER SOLOMON DIED, ISRAEL SPLIT INTO 2 DIFFERENT NATIONS:
    • THE 10 NORTHERN TRIBES; THE NATION OF ISRAEL
    • THE 2 SOUTHERN TRIBES; THE NATION OF JUDAH.
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad12
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 AD
  • ISRAEL UNTIL MAY 5, 1948, NEVER AGAIN WAS KNOWN AS OR WAS ACKNOWLEDGED AS A SINGLE UNIFIED NATION.
  • EACH PORTION OR THE SPLIT KINGDOM WAS RULED BY 19 DIFFERENT KINGS.
    • ISRAEL'S KINGS BEING MOSTLY EVIL WAS SUBJUGATED BY ASSYRIA.
    • JUDAH'S KINGS, THE LINEAGE OF DAVID, RULED 135 YEARS. SOME WERE RIGHTEOUS, OTHERS EVIL. FINALLY, DISOBEDIENCE BROUGHT ON THE CAPTIVITY IN BABYLON.
  • 2 KINGS 17:23 2 KINGS 24:10-25:21
the kings of judah israel
THE KINGS OF JUDAH & ISRAEL
  • Kings Before Division of Kingdom
  • Saul: First King of Israel; son of Kish; father of Ish-Bosheth, Jonathan and Michal.
  • Ish-Bosheth (or Eshbaal): King of Israel; son of Saul.
  • David: King of Judah; later of Israel; son of Jesse; husband of Abigail, Ahinoam, Bathsheba, Michal, etc.; father of Absalom, Adonijah, Amnon, Solomon, Tamar, etc.
  • Solomon: King of Israel and Judah; son of David; father of Rehoboam.
  • Rehoboam: Son of Solomon; during his reign the kingdom was divided into Judah and Israel.
  • Kings of Israel (Northern Kingdom)
  • Jeroboam I: Led secession of Israel.
  • Nadab: Son of Jeroboam I.
  • Baasha: Overthrew Nadab.
  • Elah: Son of Baasha.
  • Zimri: Overthrew Elah.
  • Omri: Overthrew Zimri.
  • Ahab: Son of Omri; husband of Jezebel.
  • Ahaziah: Son of Ahab.
  • Jehoram (or Joram): Son of Ahab.
  • Jehu: Overthrew Jehoram.
  • Jehoahaz (or Joahaz): Son of Jehu.
  • Jehoash (or Joash): Son of Jehoahaz.
  • Jeroboam Il: Son of Jehoash.
  • Zechariah: Son of Jeroboam II.
  • Shallum: Overthrew Zechariah.
  • Menahem: Overthrew Shallum.
  • Pekahiah: Son of Menahem.
  • Pekah: Overthrew Pekahiah.
  • Hoshea: Overthrew Pekah; kingdom overthrown by Assyrians under Sargon II.
  • Kings of Judah (Southern Kingdom)
  • Rehoboam: First King.
  • Abijah (or Abijam or Abia): Son of Rehoboam.
  • Asa: Probably son of Abijah.
  • Jehoshaphat: Son of Asa.
  • Jehoram (or Joram): Son of Jehoshaphat; husband of Athaliah.
  • Ahaziah: Son of Jehoram and Athaliah.
  • Athaliah: Daughter of King Ahab of Israel and Jezebel; wife of Jehoram; only queen to occupy the throne of Judah.
  • Joash (or Jehoash): Son of Ahaziah.
  • Amaziah: Son of Joash.
  • Uzziah (or Azariah): Son of Amaziah.
  • Jotham: Regent, later King; son of Uzziah.
  • Ahaz: Son of Jotham.
  • Hezekiah: Son of Ahaz; husband of Hephzi-Bah.
  • Manasseh: Son of Hezekiah and Hephzi-Bah.
  • Amon: Son of Manasseh.
  • Josiah (or Josias): Son of Amon.
  • Jehoahaz (or Joahaz): Son of Josiah.
  • Jehoiakim: Son of Josiah.
  • Jehoiachin: Son of Jehoiakim.
  • Zedekiah: Son of Josiah; kingdom overthrown by Babylonians under Nebuchadnezzar.
  • Prophets
  • Major. Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel.
  • Minor. Hosea, Obadiah, Nahum, Haggai, Joel, Jonah, Habakkuk, Zechariah, Amos, Micah, Zephaniah, Malachi.
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad13
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 AD
  • THE LAST KING TO SIT ON DAVID'S THRONE WAS ZEDEKIAH. THE PROPHETS DID NOT REGARD HIM AS KING HOWEVER SINCE NEBUCHADNEZZAR APPOINTED HIM; GOD DIDN'T ANOINT HIM .
  • JER 37:1
  • THE LAST REAL KING OF JUDAH WAS JEHOIACHIN OF WHOM IT WAS SAID 'NEITHER THIS MAN'S CHILD NOR HIS DESCENDANTS WILL EVER SIT ON THE THRONE OF DAVID'.
  • JER 22:24‑30
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad14
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 AD
  • THE PHYSICAL THRONE OF DAVID ENDED WITH ZEDEKIAH.
  • DAVID'S HISTORIC KINGDOM WAS 'SUSPENDED'.
  • THE DAVIDIC LINE WAS CARRIED TO BABYLON WHERE DAVID'S LINEAGE CONTINUED.
    • HIS LINEAGE WAS PERSERVED AND CAN BE TRACED AS FAR AS NECESSARY TO PROVE THE FULFILLMENT OF GOD'S PROMISE.
  • 2 KINGS 24:12 EZEK 21:26‑27
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad15
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 AD
  • THE ONLY REMAINING GENEALOGY THAT EXISTS IN ALL OF ISRAEL IS THAT OF JESUS OF NAZARETH WHICH GOES BACK TO DAVID THROUGH BOTH MARY AND JOSEPH.
      • RECORDED IN MATTHEW 1 AND LUKE 3.
      • ALL OTHERS WERE DESTROYED IN THE LEVELING OF JERUSALEM IN 70 AD BY THE ROMAN GENERAL TITUS.
      • TO THIS DAY NO JEW IS ABLE TO TRACE HIS TRIBAL LINEAGE.
  • THE GENEALOGIES STOP WITH JESUS BECAUSE HE IS THE MESSIAH - THE PROMISED ONE - OF DAVID'S LINE WHO WILL RULE FOREVER.
  • MATT 1:1‑16
  • NO OTHER GENEALOGY IS REQUIRED !!
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad16
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 AD
  • THE WORD BEGAT IS USED FOR NATURAL GENERATION OR PROCREATION AS A SIRE, MALE PROGENITOR, FATHER. (E.G. ABRAHAM BEGAT ISAAC BEGAT JACOB BEGAT....)
  • IN JESUS LINEAGE, BEGAT STOPS AT JOSEPH AFTER 42 GENERATIONS OF BEGATS.
      • REGARDING JOSEPH AND JESUS, IT CHANGES TO 'JOSEPH THE HUSBAND OF MARY OF WHOM WAS BORN JESUS WHO IS CALLED THE CHRIST'.
  • JOSEPH, MARY'S HUSBAND WAS ACTUALLY IN LINE FOR THE THRONE OF JUDAH BUT SINCE THERE WAS NO THRONE, HE WAS A COMMON CARPENTER.
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad17
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 AD
  • IF JESUS HAD INHERITED JOSEPH'S BLOOD LINE, HE WOULD NEVER BE ABLE TO SIT ON DAVID'S THRONE BECAUSE HE WOULD HAVE BEEN A DESCENDANT OF CONIAH WHOM GOD HAD CURSED.
  • JER 22:24-30
  • IN LUKE 3:23, JOSEPH IS SAID TO BE THE SON OF HELI.
      • THIS IS STATED IN THE JEWISH USAGE OF THE TERM AS JOSEPH WAS ESPOUSED TO HELI'S DAUGHTER MARY.
        • JOSEPH WAS THE NATURAL SON OF JACOB, A DESCENDANT OF DAVID THROUGH SOLOMON.
        • MARY WAS THE NATURAL DAUGHTER OF HELI A DESCENDANT OF DAVID THROUGH NATHAN AND THEREFORE DID NOT CARRY CONIAH'S (JEKONIAH'S) BLOOD LINE.
  • LUKE 3:23-38
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad18
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 AD
  • WHEN AUGUSTUS WAS CAESAR (THE FIRST ROMAN EMPEROR TO PERMIT AND ACCEPT WORSHIP AS A GOD), HE ORDERED THE WORLD BE TAXED.
  • LUKE 2:1
  • IT WAS THE DUTY OF THE HEAD OF EACH HOUSE TO APPEAR IN PERSON IN HIS CITY TO REGISTER.
    • IF THE HEAD OF THE HOUSE WAS DEAD OR DISABLED, THE DUTY FELL TO THE OLDEST SON.
    • IF THERE WERE NO SON THE DUTY FELL TO THE OLDEST DAUGHTER.
      • IT IS FOR THIS REASON THE MARY HAD TO ACCOMPANY JOSEPH TO BE REGISTERED EVEN THOUGH SHE WAS VERY NEAR DELIVERY OF HER CHILD. SHE, BY LAW, HAD TO MAKE THE TRIP TO REGISTER HER FAMILY.
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad19
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 AD
  • JESUS, BORN TO MARY AND HER HUSBAND JOSEPH, BECAME THE LEGAL OFFSPRING OF JOSEPH AND HEIR TO THE THRONE THROUGH BOTH JOSEPH (EVEN THOUGH HE WAS NOT BEING THE PHYSICAL DESCENDANT OF JOSEPH) AND OF MARY.
      • ALL LEGAL RIGHTS (INCLUDING ROYAL RIGHTS) AND ALL INHERITANCE RIGHTS FELL TO THE FIRST BORN SON UPON THE DEATH OF THE FATHER WHETHER THE FIRST BORN WAS HIS NATURAL CHILD OR NOT.
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad20
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 AD
  • WE DON'T KNOW WHEN JOSEPH DIED. IT IS BELIEVED TO HAVE HAPPENED AFTER JESUS VISITED THE TEMPLE AT AGE 12 (ONE YEAR PRIOR TO LEGAL MANHOOD) AND BEFORE THE TIME JESUS BEGAN HIS EARTHLY MINISTRY AT AGE THIRTY.
  • LUKE 3:23
  • THE LAST SCRIPTURAL MENTION OF JOSEPH IS TRAVELING BACK TO THEIR HOME TOWN AFTER FINDING JESUS IN THE TEMPLE AT JERUSALEM.
israel under law 2000 bc 30 ad21
ISRAEL UNDER LAW = 2000 BC-30 AD
  • WITH THE BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY, SUPREMACY IS GIVEN OVER TO GENTILE HANDS.
  • DAN 4:25 HOSEA 3:4 LUKE 1:26‑33
  • ISRAEL REMAINS GOD'S COVENANT PEOPLE. THE COVENANT PROMISES WILL BE FULFILLED.
  • PS 89:34
use a different watch
USE A DIFFERENT WATCH!
  • WHILE NOT A SPECIFIC “DISPENSATION”, WE NOW MOVE TO A POLITICAL METHOD OF IDENTIFYING THE ENDTIMES:
  • “TIME AND TIMES”
          • THE “TIMES OF THE NATIONS”
          • THE “CHURCH AGE”
          • THE “FULLNESS OF THE GENTILES”
          • THE “TIME OF THE END”
          • THE “TRIBULATION”
          • THE “TIME OF JACOB’S TROUBLE”
          • THE “WRATH OF GOD”
          • THE “MILLENIUM”
          • AND ETERNITY FUTURE
the time of the gentiles the nations
THE TIME OF THE GENTILES (THE NATIONS)
  • WITH THE BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY, THE 'TIMES OF THE GENTILES' BEGINS.
  • 'THE TIMES OF THE GENTILES' IS A MISINTERPRETED BIBLICAL PHRASE. IT IS BETTER TRANSLATED 'TIMES OF THE NATIONS'
    • Strong's # 1484 ethnos (eth'‑nos); probably from 1486; a race (as of the same habit), i.e. a tribe; specially, a foreign (non‑Jewish) one (usually by implication, pagan): KJV‑‑ Gentile, heathen, nation, people. (DIC)
  • TIME OF THE NATIONS (GENTILES)
    • BEGINS - WITH THE BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY
    • ENDS - WITH THE PEACE TREATY BETWEEN ANTI-CHRIST AND ISRAEL
  • DANIEL'S PROPHECIES = DAN 2, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, ETC.
the time of the gentiles the nations1
THE TIME OF THE GENTILES (THE NATIONS)
  • WITH THESE EVENTS, GOD'S DEALINGS WITH MAN BEGIN TO EXTEND BEYOND ISRAEL WHICH STARTS A DECLINE OF IT'S INFLUENCE IN THE AFFAIRS MAN WITH GOD.
  • ISRAEL'S INFLUENCE AS GOD'S MEDIATOR ENDS WITH THE BIRTH OF CHRIST AND THE BEGINNING OF THE CHURCH AGE AT CHRIST'S RESURRECTION AND ASCENSION.
the time of the gentiles the nations2
THE TIME OF THE GENTILES (THE NATIONS)
  • THE 'GENTILE' (OTHER) NATIONS OF THE WORLD BEGIN TO ASCEND TO THE FOREFRONT OF GOD DEALING WITH MAN.
    • THEIR INFLUENCE WILL END WITH THE RAPTURE OF THE CHURCH AT WHICH TIME ISRAEL WILL AGAIN MOVE QUICKLY INTO THE FOREFRONT OF GOD'S DEALINGS WITH MAN.
  • WITH ISRAEL'S REJECTION OF MESSIAH, THE TIME OF THE GENTILES IS IN FULL EFFECT WITH ISRAEL BECOMING A SPIRITUAL AND EVENTUALLY A POLITICAL NON-ENTITY IN WORLD AFFAIRS UNTIL THE FULLNESS (COMPLETION) OF THE TIME OF THE GENTILES IS COME IN (IS FULLY ACCOMPLISHED).
  • 2 KINGS 25:1‑2 DAN 2:31‑35 ROM 11:25
the time of the gentiles the nations3
THE TIME OF THE GENTILES (THE NATIONS)
  • THROUGH DANIEL, A FAITHFUL PROPHET OF GOD, GOD REVEALED A GREAT DEAL OF HUMAN HISTORY BEFORE IT TOOK PLACE. THIS OCCURRED WHILE DANIEL AND JUDAH WERE IN THE BABYLONIAN AND MEDO-PERSIAN CAPTIVITY THAT FOLLOWED.
  • THE BOOK OF DANIEL CONTAINS SEVERAL INFORMATIVE AND PUZZLING DREAMS AND VISIONS AND INTERPRETATIONS OF THOSE DREAMS AND VISION. SOME HAVE BEEN COMPLETELY AND ACCURATELY FULFILLED, OTHERS ARE YET TO BE FULFILLED.
the prophecies recorded in daniel
THE PROPHECIES RECORDED IN DANIEL
  • PROPHESY = HISTORY THAT HASN’T HAPPENED YET!
  • WHEN THE PROPHECIES RECORDED IN DANIEL WERE REVEALED TO HIM, NONE OF THEM HAD HAPPENED. IN OUR DAY SOME ARE FULFILLED; OTHERS REMAIN YET TO BE FULFILLED.
  • GO LOOK AT THE BOOK OF DANIEL!!