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Vocabulary Lesson 19. Across the Decades and Centuries. D11. liberate (v.). 1910. Who or what are people trying to liberate today?. In the Roaring Twenties, women were finally liberated from the restrictive clothing they had worn for over a century.

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vocabulary lesson 19

Vocabulary Lesson 19

Across the Decades and Centuries


D11. liberate (v.)


Who or what are

people trying to

liberate today?

In the Roaring Twenties, women were finally liberated from the restrictive clothing they had worn for over a century.

Allied soldiers liberate Paris from the Nazis on August 25, 1944.

f12 notify v
F12. notify (v.)

Starting in the 1840s, people were notified of important news with a Morse code telegraph.

How do we notify people today?

By the early 1900s, people were being notified by telephone.

e13 access n v
E13. access (n., v.)

As recently as the 1990’s, if people wanted to gain access (n.) to information, they needed to access (v.) reference books like encyclopedias at a library.

How do we access information today?

j14 pleasantry n
J14. pleasantry (n.)

With whom do you often exchange pleasantries?

Exchanging pleasantries never really changes.

a15 provision n
A15. provision (n.)

Y2K provisions stockpiled by someone concerned that computer programmers had not made provisions for dates after 1999.

What provisions would you want to make sure are in your family’s emergency supplies?

Food provisions recommended for each person traveling West in a covered wagon in 1850.

200 pounds of flour
 30 pounds of hardtack
 75 pounds of bacon
 10 pounds of rice
 5 pounds of coffee
 2 pounds of tea
 25 pounds of sugar
 ½ bushel of dried beans
 1 bushel of dried fruit
 2 pounds of baking soda
 10 pounds of salt
 ½ bushel of corn meal
 ½ bushel of corn, parched and ground
 1 small keg of vinegar


I16. circumnavigate (v.)

In 1933, Wiley Post became the first to

circumnavigate the

world solo in a plane.

It took him 7 days, 18

hours, and 49


If you could circumnavigate the world, by what means would you like to travel?

Reporter Nellie Bly set a record for circumnavi-gation in 1890. She traveled by steamboat and train.

Magellan was first to circumnavigate the world.

c17 regime n
C17. regime (n.)

On what regimes do Americans not look favorably today?

American colonists in the 1770s found King George’s regime to be intolerable, leading to the Revolutionary War.

Americans in the 1950s saw Stalin’s Soviet regime as hostile and oppressive, leading to the Cold War.


B18. accommodation (n.)



Colleges rarely

made accommodations for people with handicaps

in those eras.

What do you want to take to college to make your dorm accommodations more pleasant?

early-1900s college dorm accommodations



H19. remorse (n.)

Is there another group that we should honor with a month?

Months like these indicate remorse for the way some groups were treated in the past.

g20 evacuate v
G20. evacuate (v.)

The deadliest natural disaster in U.S. history was the 1900 Galveston, Texas class 4 hurricane. Because residents were not warned in time to evacuate, nearly 8,000 people died.

We all evacuate the school during fire drills, but have you ever had to evacuate another place?

When Mt. Vesuvius erupted without warning in 79 A.D., nearly 20,000 people who were unable or too frightened to evacuate Pompeii and two other towns were killed. Buried in tons of ash that turned to natural concrete, the towns were not found until 1748.