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UNDERSTANDING YOUR COMPUTER. Personal Computers Called PC’s. This type of computer is made by several different companies. The computers we will use in class. Macintosh Often called Macs and Apples.

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two basic types of computers
Personal Computers

Called PC’s.

This type of computer is made by several different companies.

The computers we will use in class.

Macintosh

Often called Macs and Apples.

These computers look different on the inside and outside but they can do basically the same things.

TWO BASIC TYPES OF COMPUTERS
operating systems os
OPERATING SYSTEMS (OS)
  • The operating system tells everything in your computer how to act.
  • It can change the way things appear on your screen or desktop.

Windows is the most common operating system for PCs.

hardware
HARDWARE

Hardware is the name for the physical parts of your computer.

  • CPU
  • Monitor
  • Keyboard
  • Mouse
  • Speakers
  • Printer
central processing unit
CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT
  • This is what makes a computer

work. It is like the brain of the computer.

  • Contains the disk drives and hard drive.
  • This is where you will find the power switch to turn the computer on and off.
  • Also called CPU, Computer, and Processor.
mouse
MOUSE
  • Cursor
  • Click
  • Double-Click
  • Click and Drag
  • Right-Click
keyboard
10-Key pad

Arrow Keys

Caps Lock

Shift

Back Space/ Delete

Enter or Return

KEYBOARD
disks
3.5 Floppy Disk

We will use these in class.

Like a folder in your pocket

CD ROM Disk

Just like a music CD.

Software is purchased on CD.

Today, some CD’s can be used to save information, but the computer has to have a CD burners.

DISKS
desktop
Desktop
  • The first screen you see when the computer starts up
  • The desktop has

several icons that

can be used as

short-cuts to a

program or file.

drives
Drives are different places on your computer to save information.

3 ½ Floppy A: is the disk drive

C: is the hard drive

DRIVES
folders and documents
Folders and Documents
  • Folders help organize the things you save on the computer.
  • Each thing you save is called a document or a file.
software
Software is information or instructions for your computer.

Software needs to be installed on a computer, usually from a CD.

Some examples of software programs that we will use in class:

Word

Excel

PowerPoint

Publisher

Internet Explorer

Mavis Beacon

SOFTWARE
microsoft word
MICROSOFT WORD
  • Word Processor
  • Like a typewriter except you can edit, copy, move and delete

text. You can

check your spelling

and grammar, too.

  • Use for letters and

documents which

are mainly words.

microsoft excel
MICROSOFT EXCEL
  • Spreadsheet
  • Use with documents which are mainly numbers or graphs.
  • Adds and multiplies numbers.
microsoft powerpoint
MICROSOFT POWERPOINT
  • Presentation software.
  • Use for posters and presentations.
  • This presentation

was created on

PowerPoint!

microsoft internet explorer
MICROSOFT INTERNET EXPLORER
  • This software allows you to use the internet.
  • When you use the internet you can send and receive e-mail.
mavis beacon
MAVIS BEACON
  • Mavis Beacon is a learning software.
  • Mavis Beacon teaches typing and 10-Key.
  • You can use this software to learn to type.
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