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Progress Report and orientations for next 6 months. Project of Thanh Hoa luong value chain development (LDP) ( October 2007 – April 200 8 ) Phase II. Document for meeting No.7 of LDP’s steering committee April 18th 2008.

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progress report and orientations for next 6 months
Progress Report and orientations for next 6 months

Project of Thanh Hoa luong value chain development (LDP)

(October 2007 – April 2008)

Phase II

Document for meeting No.7 of LDP’s steering committee

April 18th 2008

Patrice Lamballe – GRET representative

Chu Văn Sáu – LDP project coordinator

component i

Component I


main content
Main content
  • Study and make list of luong processing workshops in Thanh Hoa province
  • Training for luong processing workshops: owners, managers, accountant
  • Support Song Ma co-operative (X5).
  • Produce charcoal from luong by-products
  • Grow mushroom on luong sawdust.
1 study and make list of enterprises in thanh hoa province
1. Study and make list of enterprises in Thanh Hoa province
  • Objectives: update information on luong processing units in Thanh Hoa, make list and provide for production units, management agencies and donors.

b. Operations and results:

  • Together with office of processing (Dept. of Agriculture and Rural development) make first list of 54 bamboo luong processing units in Thanh Hoa
  • Consultant co-operative Ha Hoa - Phu Tho (HaDeVa) conducted the next survey in 5 days with 6 people
  • Gather preliminary survey information and make summary table of 51 units.
  • Project staff monitor regularly and update new information for timely addition when changes occur
c some noticeable points
c. Some noticeable points

Synthesis of 51 units shows:

  • 25/51 units are operating as enterprises, the remaining are households of individual production and business (diagram 1).
  • 20 units (39%) produce refined products (end products), 31 units (61%) produce rough products.
  • Most of the units (26/51) were established since 2006
  • Processing units gather mostly in Quan Hoa district (21/51)
  • 4 main demands of units are: product diversification, market expansion, capital, and production of end products (diagram 2)
2 training for workshops owners
2. Training for workshops owners
  • Necessity to implement training:
  • Processing units are mainly spontaneous, short of experiences of management and market.
  • Their need of knowledge on management and business is huge.
  • Currently there is no training activity in the locality.
  • Units need to meet and exchange to seek for further cooperation opportunities (for instance: X5)

=>For the development of enterprises, owners need to be provided with business management skills and cooperate with each other.

b. Activities and results achieved
  • Identified needs of processing units and local enterprises
  • Designed training programs and organized first session in December 27-28, 2008.
  • Conducted 3/ Σ6 sessions in the course, in 5 days with 52 cumulated participants
  • 3 topics dealt with:
  • Enterprise cycle and decision-making skill
  • Financial management and accounting works
  • Marketing at enterprise level.
c problems encountered and proposals
c. Problems encountered and proposals
  • Problems encountered
  • Workshop owners directly arrange their production so it is difficult to manage time
  • Knowledge and experience of business management are different
  • Workshops locate in large area and often far from the training organization place
  • Proposals
  • Content should be close to reality
  • Participation of local concerned agencies.
  • Combination of connecting and supporting activities: bamboo luong cooperation group, network (small scale)
3 supporting song ma co operative x5
3. Supporting Song Ma co-operative (X5)

a. Information of Song Ma co-operative

  • Date of formal starting operation: 01/11/2007
  • Floating capital: 500 mil – Fixed capital: 1.100 mil dong: including land, workshop, equipment, power station, machines, truck
  • Members: 7 people (X1; X2; X4).
  • Loan from OHK (through GRET) : 1.060 million dong
  • Direct workers: 25 people
  • Stable job for workers in 10 satellite workshops
  • Types of slat products:

roughly planed slats, planed+ boiled slats.

b production and market
b. Production and market
  • Raw slats bought : 1.5 million slats (3 months).
  • Use all raw slats of X workshops and other 7 workshops (new cooperation).
  • 2 output markets are TBF and Tien Dong, ensuring the consumption of all products of the co-operative
  • Income of 1.4 billion dong and profit of over 50 millions after 3 months.
  • Worker wage is from 1.1 to 1.7 million dong/month (payment by results)
Summary table of production and business results of co-operative (after 3 months of operation: Nov, Dec 2007 and Jan 2008)
c current difficulties
c. Currentdifficulties
  • Poor management skill of workshop owners.
  • Unequal quality of input (raw slat).
  • Limited finance (for expanding production scale and investing in new technologies for new products).
  • Immediate payment of input, late payment for output (now 2 buying units owing about 350 million dong)
  • Unstable and limited market (long time in stock makes slats attacked by fungus).
d reasons of continuation of production
d. Reasons of continuation of production
  • Stable income for co-operative, jobs and income for workshop laborers
  • Ensuring stability of 3 satellite workshops and 7 new cooperating workshops.
  • Stabilizing input market and maintaining prestige with customers.
  • Many potentials in future (key production location, many investors wanting to join).
  • Possible to diversify products, improve technology for next stages of flooring boards
4 producing charcoal from luong by products
4.Producing charcoal from luong by-products

a. Necessity to build charcoal kilns

- Treat low value wastes and by-products for higher value

  • Use small luong culms not qualified to make slats and chopsticks.
  • Gradually replace wood charcoal made from wood trees in future

- Minimize environmental pollution (using waste to make paper pulp)

- Build and develop new sub-sector: bamboo luong charcoal value chain

c current difficulties1
c. Current difficulties
  • Monthly production quantity is not enough to export (at least 6 tons/month), to meet big export contracts needs
  • Quality norms are not high enough to meet demand of some customers of high grade activated carbon
  • Cost price is still high due to incomplete techniques, separate production
  • Processing units are not ready to invest as formal market is not visible at the moment
  • Customers of luong attar have not yet been found
e potential of charcoal production
e. Potential of charcoal production
  • Some customer ordered 6-8 tons/month, at price of 6000d/kg in Thanh Hoa city
  • Yield will reach 1 container 20” (6 tons)/month after system of 4 kilns has been built and working.
  • Cooperation with NEAD company in technologies of activated carbon in Thanh Hoa
  • University of Natural Sciences HCM City (Ms My Hanh)
  • Research of feasibility of producing charcoal briquette/sawdust
  • To break the vicious circle and thus prospect of developing charcoal production – trading enterprises in Thanh Hoa
5 growing mushroom on luong sawdust
5.Growing mushroom on luong sawdust
  • Reasons for trial activities
  • Huge amount of luong sawdust is currently unused
  • Results of growing mushroom on luong sawdust is not inferior to wood sawdust.
  • Local market is potential to expand.
  • Creating new job to increase income on the spot for farmers/new model in rural economy nông ôn.
b some activities and results up to now
b. Some activities and results up to now
  • 16 trainings, 167 cumulated participants.
  • Households growing mushroom: stage 1-10hhs, stage 2-7hhs
  • Types of mushroom grown:

- Stage1: 3 types (linh chi, shell, wood’s ear)

- Stage 2: 2 types (linh chi, wood’s ear), as shell mushroom is not suitable with hot and sunny weather.

  • No. of bags: stage 1: 5.170 bags, stage 2: 6.000 bags.
  • No. of bags up to standard:

- Stage 1: wood’s ear 77%, linh chi 36%, 88% shell.

- Stage 2: wood’s ear 92%, linh chi 94%

e conclusion on mushroom trial
e. Conclusion on mushroom trial
  • Shell, wood’s ear and linh chi mushroom can be grown on luong sawdust and bring about economic effect
  • Wood’ear mushroom is suitable for existing technical and market condition of farmers and can be grown all year round.
  • Production at farm/co-operative scale is suitable to use sawdust (40-50 tons/year) and brings about investment effectiveness.
  • Mushroom “seeds” of second and third grade can be produced on the spot to reduce production cost.
  • Key model of cooperation mode among producers (co-operative/farm and farmer household)
orientations of component 1 market processing 1 expanding intervention scale
Orientations of component 1 (market, processing)(1)Expanding intervention scale
  • Base on the list (of over 30 processing workshops in North West of province (aiming to support workshops in L.Chanh, Q.Son)
  • Thorough grasp of operation, support need and economic effect of workshops (1 trainee / University of Agriculture)
  • Organise meeting of workshop owners
  • Resume courses on enterprise management
  • Get to know vocational education more
orientations of component 1 market processing 2 expanding production scale and volume
Orientations of component 1 (market, processing)(2)Expanding production scale and volume
  • Conduct visits for potential investors (including Chinese)
  • Test production of charcoal / sawdust
    • 140 tons sawdust – 20 tons products/month
    • Sales $10.000 – profit of $1.500-2.000
  • Consider possibility to produce activated carbon in the province ?
  • Improve technology of existing workshops (flooring boards, …) ?
  • Agree on way to use capital repaid by X5 (VND 250 millions/year)
  • Study on suitable credit system
orientations of component 1 market processing 3 resuming intervention at medium and small scale
Orientations of component 1 (market, processing)(3)Resuming intervention at medium and small scale
  • Improve capacity of producing charcoal from slat waste and small culms on the spot(as temporary intermediary of output)
  • Test slat splitting, making mat strips, sticks
  • Test of more effective production diversification of blind strips
  • Expand production of mushroom / sawdust
    • Production scale may reach the use of at least 100-150 tons of sawdust/year
    • 1 co-operative in charge of input and output
    • Use the mushroom substratum as organic fertilizer
component ii

Component II

Farmers and resources

(agro-forestry activity)

outstanding activities results in last 6 months
Outstanding activities - results in last 6 months

1. Expand field of activity to new areas

2. Test different intervention modes

3. Capacity building-training

4. Improve and promote effect of nursery

5. New luong plantation and establishment of « models » in spring 2008

6.Test and support intercropping on new luong plantation area

7. System of experimentation.

3 education training
3. Education, training

a. Education to improve skill for collaborators and farmer group leaders

  • 1 class on plan-making skill for farmer groups.
  • 1 class on lesson plan making for 5 collaborators, 1 extension staff and 5 teams of group leaders.
  • 2 group leaders and 3 collaborators made lesson plan and gave lecture
  • 1 ToT for 18 commune extension staff of Ngoc Lac district.
4 improve and promote effect of nursery
4. Improve and promote effect of nursery
  • Analyze strengthes, weaknesses, opportunities and challenges of nursery activities in 2006 – 2007.
  • Diversify types of nurseries and plants.
  • Develop network of 1 main nursery (Lâm -Toán), 11 satellite nurseries
  • Provided 24 000 luong seedlings qualified to plant in the forest.
  • 1 nursery to test multiplication methods, species diversification (Xuan Phu)
comments lessons learnt
Comments – lessons learnt
  • Gathered model: difficult to negotiate with farmers, but more effective.
  • Mode of cooperation with extension staff: rapid and effective implementation
  • Mode of cooperation through nursery: effective, less time to monitor the field for staff.
  • In Ngọc Lặc, Thường xuân: difficult to do due to competition of other crops
  • Quan Hóa, Bá Thước are new implementation fields, not yet really adapted, leading to slow progress rate.
6 trial support intercropping on luong plantation
6. Trial, support intercropping on luong plantation

a. Objectives of trial in second year

  • Trial of some intercrops likely to give productivity on luong plantation in first 2 years (4 crops)
  • Helps prevent erosion and soil improvement
  • Enough references to recommend to farmer.
  • Establish fund of intercrops at group and village scale.

b. Intercrops.

  • 3 main crops: peanut, soybean, sesame, species to compare are maize, cassava, sugarcane; plant tephrosia on contours
  • Plant 3 more trials to compare forestry wooden trees
7 2 trial of forest rehabilitation
7.2.Trial of forest rehabilitation
  • In 8 places with total area of 6ha.
  • In Coi village, Xuan Phu - Quan Hoa with over 2 ha area.
  • 5 trial formulas (treatments).
  • Marking to monitor quality of 1.5 ha luong forest
orientations for component 2 agriculture sustainable management of forest 1
Orientations for component 2 (agriculture)Sustainable management of forest (1)
  • 1. Occasional work, in short time:
    • Experiments of rehabilitation and restoration of luong forest
    • Dissemination documents of sustainable luong management
    • New plantation of luong in the North West (model in Q. Hoa, Ba Thuoc)
    • Monitor, synthesize and analyze short term crops (peanut, bean,…)
    • Ensure seeds availability for autumn crop through rotating fund of seeds
orientations of component 2 agriculture sustainable management of forest 2
Orientations of component 2 (agriculture)Sustainable management of forest (2)
  • 2. Research and synthesis:
    • Compile synthesis document of knowledge on luong
    • Synthesize document from short term crop results in spring 2008
    • 1 trainee research on capacity of absorbing carbon of luong culms / short term crops
    • Plant more in autumn crop where there is combination of budget (combined with 661, CT 147, 100)
component 3 supporting agricultural policies commitments of meeting no 6 recall
Component 3: Supporting agricultural policiesCommitments of meeting no. 6 (recall)
  • 2 provincial seminars to promote new policies.
  • 2 seminars at district level
  • 3 leaflets introducing the project and development prospects of value chain
  • 2 common activities with State projects.
  • 2 visits conducted (to China)

Component 3: Supporting agricultural policiesCreate favourable environment and good conditions for policies supporting businesses and luong growers (1)

  • 1 provincial seminar on policy
    • December 14th 2007, 70 participants
    • Participation: representatives of provincial agencies and 10 districts of Thanh Hoa
    • Supporting presentations of forestry department, forest management, processing office, contributions of Ngoc Lac and Quan Hoa district
    • 1 proceeding book to be edited.
    • 1 article on LDP commitment orientations
    • Departement of agriculture and rural development is building policies based on the essence of that contributions
component 3 supporting agricultural policies 2
Component 3: Supporting agricultural policies(2)
  • Joining the visit to China, in November 2007
    • 7 people from Thanh Hoa
    • 2 districts : Lin An and Ạn ji / Zhe jiang
    • Took: pictures, videos, products, …
    • Main ideas :
      • Timely investment of stakeholders (the government, …)
      • Long-term investment of the Government
      • Synchronous investment, combining mechanic workshop
      • Used over 90% of Moso bamboo
      • Sustainable management of forest
component 3 supporting agricultural policies 3
Component 3: Supporting agricultural policies (3)
  • 1 seminar organized at district level
    • Ngoc Lac district (February 2008)
    • District’s vice-chairman participates
    • 40 representatives (district, comm.)
    • Introduction of project, activities and clearer explanation of support mode
    • Discussion and agreement on support regulations and mode
component 3 supporting agricultural policies 4
Component 3: Supporting agricultural policies (4)
  • 1 preliminary seminar in Xuan Phu commune, Q. Hoa
    • To understand better objectives and role of project
    • Preliminary wrap-up 3 months of operation
    • Knowing more about commune’ s condition, orientations expectations
    • Preparing intervention plan
    • Measures taken:reduce competition between farming and husbandry
component 3 supporting agricultural policies 5
Component 3: Supporting agricultural policies (5)

Common activities with Government

  • Research, with Nead company, to produce charcoal and activated carbon
  • Complete common technical leaflets (5) with forestry association, extension centre
  • Associate with policies of district, province (upland fields) : not in time/this spring crop
  • Diversify, test intervention method
  • Training for extension staff in Ngoc Lac
orientations for component 3 creating favorable context for luong value chain
Orientations for component 3Creating favorable context for luong value chain
  • Disseminate policies on bamboo (elaborating + distributing leaflets)
  • 1 meeting to review progress after 2 seminars in 2007
  • Continue to organize seminar at district level where important and needed
  • Cooperate with district, province to build model in the area
  • Introduce and get to know about Chinese « Neiyou » system (traceability and sustainable management)
component 4 synthesizing experience dissemination 1 capacity building
Component 4 : Synthesizing–experience dissemination (1) Capacity building
  • Implement 3 training sessions for processing workshop owners
    • 1 session on basics of market and enterprise
    • 1 session on enterprise management and accountancy
    • 1 session on basic marketing
  • Strengthen skills in the locality
    • One TOT for extension staff of communes in Ngoc Lac district
component 4 synthesizing experience dissemination 2
Component 4 : Synthesizing – experience dissemination (2)
  • Elaborate 3 technical leaflets on luong through seminars and exchange
    • Propagation techniques and nursery
    • Techniques of new plantation and tending
    • Sustainable management and exploitation
  • 1 plan for luong leaflets distribution
  • Elaborate 2 more leaflets on groundnut and soybean (with exchange and complementation of relating agencies)
orientations for component 4 synthesis dissemination and capacity building
Orientations for component 4Synthesis, dissemination and capacity building
  • Continue to introduce project, explain activities to intervention districts
  • Leaflets introducing project and activities (market and agriculture)
  • Technical leaflets (mushrooms (3), charcoal)
  • Intensify exchange among relating projects and specialists
  • Receive province, district delegations
  • Organize visits for stakeholders
  • Complete monitoring and evaluation
summary of orientations for next 6 months
Summary of orientations for next 6 months
  • 1. Improve management capacity, get to know about vocational education
  • 2. Seek for and organize visits for potential investors
  • 3. Produce charcoal (from sawdust, slat waste) at large scale
  • 4. Increase capacity of production diversification of workshops
  • 5. Technical guidance, sustainable management of forest
  • 6. Contribute ideas to form policies and cooperate for effective expansion
  • 7. Broad presentation of activities of project, dissemination of results
recommendations for luong value chain 1 policies for charcoal processing and production chain
Recommendations for luong value chain1.Policies for charcoal processing and production chain
  • How to support value chain structuring, establishment and association of enterprises ?
  • Suitable banking system for current needs and demand of small and medium enterprises
  • Reduce producing and selling wood charcoal to facilitate the development of luong charcoal
  • Common activity with Dept. of Sciences and Technology to produce high quality charcoal ?
  • What current policy to develop craft villages?
  • 1 autonomous centre supporting agricultural and value chain development?
recommendations for luong value chain 2 policies to manage rehabilitate and reafforest
Recommendations for luong value chain 2. Policies to manage, rehabilitate and reafforest
  • No. 02 land use policy is relevant; pay attention to crops, species to be grown (Cassia ?)
  • Which activity / plantation on mountain fields ?
  • One concerted policy to create conditions for best management of forests:
    • Agree on method of forest management and rehabilitation
    • Implement trial at communes, village level ?
    • How to limit selling 1-1.5 year old culms ?
    • Facilitate testing system of origin identification (traceability system like Neiyou)
  • Provide information to associate activities