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Federalist 51

Federalist 51

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Federalist 51

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  1. Federalist 51 James Madison on Checks & Balances

  2. Main authors of Federalist Essays: James Madison Alexander Hamilton

  3. NEW YORK! Purpose of Federalist Essays:

  4. Thesis of Federalist Essays: • Why is the central government so much more powerful? Because we NEED it to be. • Is it too powerful? No. Its power is LIMITED.

  5. “Ambition must be made to counteract ambition.” CHECKS & BALANCES!

  6. What is human nature? Power-hungry Greedy Self-interested

  7. “If men were angels…” ANARCHY!

  8. “If angels were to govern men…” DICTATORSHIP!

  9. How do “men govern over men?” Job #1: Control the governed. (prevent ANARCHY) Job #2: Get government to control itself. (prevent DICTATORSHIP) CHECKS & BALANCES!

  10. 1st example of checks & balances: BICAMERLISM

  11. 2nd example of checks & balances: The president can VETO bills passed by the Congress.

  12. Summary: Fed #51 • Strong government is necessary because men are not angels. • Checks & balances are necessary because those who govern can’t be trusted.