THEME:. THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NOTHERN IRELAND. AIMS:. TO DRAW A CONCLUSION FROM THE KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE COUNTRY TO KNOW NEW FACTS ABOUT IT TO CHECK EVERYTHING WE KNOW. Geographical position. DO YOU KNOW THE DIFFERENCE AMONG
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THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NOTHERN IRELAND
The state flag of the Kingdom was approved in1801. The main color of it is blue. On the main
background it has white and red crosses. In reality
the flag is a combination of some flags. The banner
of England – St. George's flag, which has a horizontal red cross on a white field, the banner of Scotland – St. Andrew's flag, which has a white cross on a
blue background and Ireland – St Patrick's flag with a red cross on a white field, because of it the flag of the
United Kingdom of great Britain and Northern Ireland is
called “ Union Jack”
The UK is the constitutional monarchy. It means that the country has a monarch at the head but its power is limited by the parliament. The head of the UK is Queen Elizabeth II. The royal title in Britain is “Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith”. In law the Queen is head of the executive ( ) an integral part of the legislature ( ), head of the judiciary ( ), the Commander-in-chief of all the armed forces of the Crown ( ), and the Supreme Governor of the established Church of England. In practice the monarch has no actual power: they say, the monarch reigns but doesn't rule. The Queen summons( ), prorogues ( ) and dissolves Parliament. She opens each session with a speech. It is her duty to make appointments to all important state offices. She has the power to conclude treaties, to declare war and make peace. All the affairs are conducted in the name of the Queen, but really the Prime Minister is responsible for every measure submitted to Parliament.
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