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How To Correctly Cite - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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How To Correctly Cite. This power point is intended to remind/teach you the basics of citing sources, both within your actual essay and for your Works Cited page. Works Cited for a book.

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how to correctly cite

How To Correctly Cite

This power point is intended to remind/teach you the basics of citing sources, both within your actual essay and for your Works Cited page.

works cited for a book
Works Cited for a book
  • Last name, First name. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.


  • Koller, Jackie French.A Place to Call

Home. New York: Aladdin Paperbacks, 1997. Print.

for example
For example:
  • Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (263). Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263).


works cited for an online article
Works Cited for an online article
  • “Article Title.” Issues & Controversies On File: n. pag. Issues & Controversies. Facts On File News Services, Date of article, Day Mo. Year. Web. Date of access, Day Mo. Year. <URL>.


  • "Darfur Crisis." Issues & Controversies On File: n.

pag. Issues & Controversies. Facts On File News Services, 10 Apr. 2009. Web. 8 Nov. 2013. <>.

in text citation for authored works
In-text Citation for authored works
  • You have to show your sources within your writing.
    • Author's last name
    • page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text.
excerpt from article the crisis in darfur paragraph 10
Excerpt from article,“The Crisis in Darfur” paragraph 10

Survivors of such attacks usually flee to refugee camps in isolated parts of Darfur. Food and water in those camps are scarce, and those who venture from the camps to look for food often become targets of the Janjaweed. Many refugee camps were erected just across Darfur's western border, in Chad. The Janjaweed has reportedly ventured into Chad, attacking civilians from those camps as well.

in text citation for facts on file articles no author listed
In-text Citation for Facts on File articles (no author listed)

Use the first two or three words of the article title in quotation marks and the paragraph number.

No comma between article title and paragraph number

Period goes AFTER the parenthetical citation.

example of parenthetical citation
Example of parenthetical citation

As a result of violent attacks, people were forced to flee to less than safe refugee camps in remote areas of Darfur (“The Crisis in Darfur” para. 10).

Even though there is no direct quote, I must cite the information.

  • A paraphrase is...
  • your own rendition of essential information and ideas expressed by someone else, presented in a new form.
  • one legitimate way (when accompanied by accurate documentation) to borrow from a source.
  • a more detailed restatement than a summary, which focuses concisely on a single main idea.


paraphrasing is a valuable skill because
Paraphrasing is a valuable skill because...
  • it helps you control the temptation to quote too much.
  • the mental process required for successful paraphrasing helps you to grasp the full meaning of the original.


what is a bad paraphrase
What is a Bad Paraphrase?
  • A bad paraphrase is when you simply take out certain words with and replace them with synonyms, while maintaining the structure of the original quotation.


what s a good paraphrase
What’s a Good Paraphrase?
  • To write a good paraphrase, borrow only the idea conveyed by the author. Express the sentiment in your own words, in your own way.
exit ticket
Exit Ticket

Write one sentence using the information from the Darfur article that is a direct quotation.

Write one sentence using the information in a paraphrase.

For each sentence, write a correctly formatted parenthetical citation.