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Women throughout American history. Women in the colonies. New England. Chesapeake. Very few women First women come in 1619 Widowarchy. Large families Religious theocracy No rights! Long life expectancy Dame schools.

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women in the colonies
Women in the colonies

New England


Very few women

First women come in 1619


  • Large families
  • Religious theocracy
  • No rights!
  • Long life expectancy
  • Dame schools
women in the revolution and early america
Women in the Revolution and Early America
  • Daughters of Liberty
  • Spinning bees
  • Boycotts
  • Republican Motherhood
  • Abigail Adams “I beg of you, remember the ladies”
women in antebellum america
Women in Antebellum America
  • Cult of domesticity
  • Idea of separate spheres: Idea of the “weaker sex”
  • Early female education: Oberlin College, Mount Holyoke
  • Lowell Girls- New England
  • Second Great Awakening and reform: Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott, Mary Lyon, Angelina and Sarah Grimke
  • Women’s Christian Temperance Union
  • Seneca Falls Convention: Declaration of Sentiments
lowell girls
Lowell Girls
  • Oh! isn't it a pity, such a pretty girl as I-- Should be sent to the factory to pine away and die? Oh! I cannot be a slave, I will not be a slave, For I'm so fond of liberty That I cannot be a slave."
women in the progressive era
Women in the Progressive Era
  • Muckraking: Ida Tarbell and Standard Oil
  • Social Gospel
  • Progressive Reformers: Jane Addams, Florence Kelley, Carrie Nation, Frances Willard, Ida B. Wells
  • Suffrage is a HUGE issue!!: NWSA: National Women’s Suffrage Association (Carrie Chapman Catt), American Women’s Suffrage Association (Lucy Stone), National Woman’s Party (Alice Paul)
  • Margaret Sanger and Birth Control
  • 19th Amendment

Resolved, that the women of this nation in 1876, have greater cause for discontent, rebellion and revolution than the men of 1776. – Susan B. Anthony

women in the 1920s
Women in the 1920s
  • Flappers
  • The car
  • Equal Rights Amendment is introduced
  • Women compete for the first time in the Olympics in 1928
  • Women work in positions such as telephone operators, nurses and teachers (Numbers of working women raise 50.1%)
women in wwii
Women in WWII
  • WACS
  • Women join the workforce!
fashion short straight skirts cloth limited by war production board ready to wear
Fashion: short straight skirts (cloth limited by War Production Board), “ready to wear”
women in the 1950s
Women in the 1950s
  • Cult of domesticity
  • Baby boom
  • Dr. Spock
  • Introduction of “the pill”
  • New technology gives women more spare time
women in the 1960 and 1970s second wave feminism
Women in the 1960 and 1970s“Second Wave Feminism”
  • Betty Friedan and the Feminine Mystique and the “problem that has no name”
  • Title VII, Equal Pay Act of 1963, Equal Educational Equity Act, Title IX, Title X, no fault divorce
  • Roe v Wade, Reed v Reed, Griswold v Connecticut
  • NOW: National Organization of Women!
  • Gloria Steinem and Ms. magazine
  • Fight for the Equal Rights Amendment
  • Phyllis Schlafly-When feminists talk about "women's rights," they mean a radical restructuring of society, with government using its power to force feminist goals on all the rest of us.
fashion fighting against society loose shirts androgynous clothes peasant blouses
Fashion: “fighting against society”, loose shirts, androgynous clothes, peasant blouses