Elements of Poetry. Lines & Stanzas Figures of Speech Rhythm Meter Other Sound Devices. Lines & Stanzas. Line - word or row of words that may or may not form a complete sentence. Stanza - group of lines forming a unit. Line. Stanza. Lines & Stanzas Example.
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Elements of Poetry • Lines & Stanzas • Figures of Speech • Rhythm • Meter • Other Sound Devices
Lines & Stanzas Line-word or row of words that may or may not form a complete sentence. Stanza-group of lines forming a unit.
Line Stanza Lines & Stanzas Example Excerpt from “Skip Rope for Our Time” Junk mail, junk mail, look look look: bargain offer coupon, catalogue book. Junk mail, junk mail, free free free: trial sample guarantee.
Figures of Speech Figure of speech-word or expression that is not meant to be read literally. Metaphor Simile Personification
Figures of Speech • Simile-comparing two things using like or as • Metaphor- compares two things without using like or as (something is something)
Figures of Speech • Personification-gives human characteristics to an animal, object or idea
Figures of Speech Practice • The lawnmower grinded its teeth over the grass. • The moon is a sliver of cheese in the sky. • The clouds are like cotton candy floating in the sky. personification metaphor simile
Rhythm Rhythm-pattern of sound created by stressed and unstressed syllables. It does not have to form a regular pattern.
Meter Meter-regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. • sets the overall rhythm of certain poem • Stressed syllables are marked with (') • Unstressed syllable are marked with (ˇ)
' ˇ ' ˇ ' ˇ ' ' ˇ ' ' ˇ ' ' ˇ ' ˇ ' ˇ ' ˇ ' ˇ ' ˇ ' Example Mary had a little lamb, Little lamb, little lamb. Mary had a little lamb, It’s fleece as white as snow
Other Sound Devices • Alliteration-repeating of consonant sounds at the beginning of words. • Assonance-repeating of vowel sounds within a line. • Onomatopoeia-use of a word or phrase that imitates the sound of what is described.
Examples • Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. • The bee buzzed around the room. • And the stars never rise but I see the bright eyes. Alliteration Onomatopoeia Assonance