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Bell Ringer/ Introduction. If you were founding a new city, what natural features would influence your choice of a building site? Write your answer on your on paper. Use complete sentence or short answer/list form. Be Prepared to discuss your answer . Turn to Page 263 in your textbook.

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Bell ringer introduction
Bell Ringer/ Introduction

  • If you were founding a new city, what natural features would influence your choice of a building site?

  • Write your answer on your on paper. Use complete sentence or short answer/list form. Be Prepared to discuss your answer.

  • Turn to Page 263 in your textbook





Key features
Key features:

Mountains:

Alps: Across the top of the boot

Appennines: Runs from north to south

River

Tiber


Affects of geography
Affects of Geography

  • Tiber River:

  • Rome located 15 miles upriver from the Mediterranean Sea

  • Gave Romans a source of water

  • Easy access to Mediterranean Sea

  • Still far enough away from sea to escape raid by pirates

  • Mountains:

  • Rome built on seven hills

  • Easy to defend from attack

  • Located in a place where people could cross the river

  • Became key stopping point for people traveling North and South or by ship into the Mediterranean


Comparing contrasting
Comparing & Contrasting

Greece

Italy

Mountains less rugged

Large flat plains of better farmland allowed more people to settle in Italy than Greece

  • Mountains more rugged

  • Difficulty crossing caused the development of isolated communities


Origins of rome
Origins of Rome

  • Romulus & Remus

  • Brothers who were abandoned in the wilderness

  • Found in the Tiber River and raised by a wolf.

  • Founded the city of Rome

  • Romulus would be the first king of Rome


The aeneid
The Aeneid

  • Epic poem: Story of Aeneas

  • Trojan hero who sailed to the mouth of the Tiber river

  • Through marriage & warfare he would unite the locals known as Latins with his Trojan warriors.

  • Became known as “father “ of the Romans


Origins of rome1
Origins of Rome

  • Historians are not exactly sure of how Rome began

  • It is believed the Latins of Latium banded together for protection

  • It was these communities that became Rome

  • The Greeks and Etruscans played a role in shaping Roman civilization


Comparison chart page 264 early influences
Comparison Chart (Page 264: Early Influences)

Greek Contributions

Etruscan Contributions

How did they come to the area of Rome? When?


Exit slip
Exit Slip

  • Answer the question on your own paper and hand it to me on your way out.

  • How did Rome’s Geography help the Romans prosper?