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Fungus. More than you ever wanted to know about our closest relative kingdom. A mutual relationship. Fungus and plants moved to land together. Fungus have ________________ relationship with plant’s roots helped the gather the nutrients for survival ( Mycorrhizae )

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fungus

Fungus

More than you ever wanted to know about our closest relative kingdom

a mutual relationship
A mutual relationship
  • Fungus and plants moved to land together.
  • Fungus have ________________ relationship with plant’s roots helped the gather the nutrients for survival (Mycorrhizae)
  • Today still live in association with plants, both positive and negative
  • Can _______________________ ___________________________(like DDT)
fungi eat what is already dead
Fungi eat what is already dead
  • Formerly believed to be in the plant kingdom, they have been found more closely related to animals
  • ____________as a whole organism, ________________ what it needs
  • Can be ___________ (break down dead or dying), parasites (____________) or ____________ (give and take relationship)
  • Non-Motile
life stages
Life stages
  • The fruiting body (diploid) makes spores (haploid)
  • Spores are released and when hit fertile soil begin to grow into an absorptive mesh: _________(haploid), made of filaments: hyphae
  • Mycelia ___________________ __________________ then the two fungi mate (dikaryotic: not diploid)
  • After mating they ___________ ____________________ that is a combination of both parents (dikaryotic)
  • Repeat
common types
Common Types
  • 3 phyla in the Kingdom Fungi:
    • zygote fungi (Zygomycetes)
      • _________(rhizopus), and bread mold
    • sac fungi (______________)
      • Truffles, yeast, __________
    • club fungi (Basidiomycetes).
      • ___________________________________________________ ("basidium" means "little pedestal")
  • .
mutualistic relationships
Mutualistic relationships
  • Lichens: ________________ together for maximum fitness
    • Fungus provides ‘roots’ and structure
    • Algae makes the food energy
  • Able to colonize rough environments like desert rocks
    • ______________________________________________
  • They need clean air.
    • Air pollution effects Lichens faster than it does other species… ________________ ______________________________________________
parasitic relationships
Parasitic Relationships
  • Usually evolved to be ______________ with one species, but when exposed to a new species they are ______________
    • Parasitic relationships are symbiotic relationships where one member benefits and the other is weakened
  • Attack food crops and can have a negative effect on agriculture
  • Some attack animals (only about 50 types)
    • Fungal infection in animals are ____________
    • Some skin infections (ringworm and athletes foot)
    • Other __________________________________ ________________________________ since it spreads so quickly and cannot be killed with antibiotics
importance to our lives
Importance to our lives
  • Fungus hold a high importance in society
  • ‘mold’ dairy into ________ and are responsible for their unique tastes
  • Yeast is a VERY economically important fungus, without it we would not have any carbs that rise!
  • ____________________________________________________________________________________________
  • Not to mention mushrooms!!!