Are magnetic fields and outflows aligned in protostellar cores
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Are magnetic fields and outflows aligned in protostellar cores?. Chat Hull University of California, Berkeley Radio Astronomy Laboratory 8 July 2013 CARMA Science Symposium University of Chicago Chicago, Ill. Credit: Bill Saxton , CfA. Misalignment of B-fields and outflows. IRAS 16293.

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Are magnetic fields and outflows aligned in protostellar cores

Are magnetic fields and outflows aligned in protostellar cores?

Chat Hull

University of California, Berkeley

Radio Astronomy Laboratory

8 July 2013

CARMA Science Symposium

University of Chicago

Chicago, Ill.



Are magnetic fields and outflows aligned in protostellar cores

Misalignment of B-fields and outflows cores?

IRAS 16293

NGC 1333-IRAS 4A

Rao+ 2009

Girart+ 2006

B-field

Outflow


Are magnetic fields and outflows aligned in protostellar cores
CARMA cores?Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave AstronomyConsortium: Berkeley, Caltech, Illinois, Maryland, Chicago

  • 6 ⨯10-m, 9 ⨯ 6-m, 8 ⨯ 3.5-m telescopes

  • Observations at 1 cm, 3 mm, and 1 mm (polarization!)

  • Located in Cedar Flat, CA (near Bishop)


1 mm dual polarization receivers
1 mm dual-polarization receivers cores?

SIS mixers

Orthomode transducer

Waveguide circular polarizer

WBA13

I.F. amplifiers (1-9 GHz)

1 inch

Credit: Dick Plambeck


Tadpol collaboration
TADPOL collaboration cores?

  • UC Berkeley

    Chat Hull (PI), Dick Plambeck, Mel Wright, Carl Heiles, Geoff Bower

  • University of Maryland

    Marc Pound, Alberto Bolatto, Katherine Jameson,

    Lee Mundy

  • Caltech

    ThusharaPillai, John Carpenter, James Lamb,

    NikolausVolgenau

  • University of Illinois, Urbana-Champagne

    Ian Stephens, Leslie Looney, Woojin Kwon,

    Dick Crutcher, Nick Hakobian

  • Other

    Dan Marrone (Arizona), Meredith Hughes (Wesleyan), John Vaillancourt & GöranSandell (USRA-SOFIA), John Tobin (NRAO), Jason Fiege (Manitoba),

    Erica Franzmann (Manitoba), Martin Houde (UWO, Caltech), Brenda Matthews (NRC-CNRC)


Tadpol survey
TADPOL survey cores?

37 sources

Triples number of interferometric polarization maps

~300 observing hours

CARMA C, D, & E arrays

1 – 4" resolution

10⨉ higher resolution than CSO& JCMT

Probes intermediate region between ~0.1 pc (single-dish)

and ~100 AU (ALMA)


Tadpol results
TADPOL results cores?

L1157

See also: Stephens+ 2013, ApJL, 769, L15

2″



Are magnetic fields and outflows aligned in protostellar cores

TADPOL results cores?

NGC 1333-IRAS 4A

NGC 1333-IRAS 4B

2″

2″


Are magnetic fields and outflows aligned in protostellar cores

TADPOL results cores?

L1527

NGC 1333-IRAS 2A

2″

3″


Tadpol results1
TADPOL results cores?

Ser-emb8

3″


Outflow vs b field distribution
Outflow vs. B-field: distribution cores?

Simulation: outflows & B-fields aligned within a 20º cone (tightly aligned)

Simulation: outflows & B-fields aligned between 70–90º (preferentially misaligned)

Simulation: outflows & B-fields are randomly oriented

Cumulative Distribution Function (CDF)

  • KS-test results:

  • 20º cone ruled out ( p-value ~ 10-15 )

  • Misaligned ( 0.33 ) and random ( 0.33 ) cannot be ruled out

Hull+ 2013, ApJ, 768, 159

(updated version: July ‘13)

(Projected) angle between outflow & B-field (deg)




Summary
Summary cores?

  • TADPOL results: B-fields are either preferentially misaligned (perp.) or randomly aligned with respect to outflows at the ~1000 AU scale

    • Thus, circumstellar disks are misaligned with fields in the cores from which they formed

    • CARMA 1 mm polarization system is online and accepting proposals

    • Data release coming soon!

  • TADPOL first results: ApJ, 768, 159

  • TADPOL survey (CARMA key project): tadpol.astro.illinois.edu


Are magnetic fields and outflows aligned in protostellar cores

Fin cores?