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Over There!. U.S. Involvement in the Great War. War!. World War 1 (the Great War) -- July 28, 1914 Snowballed into tragedy Europe torn between the Allies and the Central Powers Would the U.S. get involved?. Stalemate!. The Great War bogged into stalemate

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over there

Over There!

U.S. Involvement in the Great War

slide2
War!
  • World War 1 (the Great War) -- July 28, 1914
    • Snowballed into tragedy
    • Europe torn between the Allies and the Central Powers
    • Would the U.S. get involved?
stalemate
Stalemate!
  • The Great War bogged into stalemate
    • Russian numbers too great in the East
    • Trench warfare in the West
  • Casualties mounted
neutrality
Neutrality
  • Initial intent was to remain neutral
    • U.S. interests were not at risk
    • U.S. public opinion torn
    • Isolationist tendencies
    • U.S. militarily unprepared
    • Wilson as a peacemaker
however
However . . .
  • U.S. drawn toward the Allies
    • German violation of

neutral rights (Belgium)

    • Trade imbalance
    • American bank loans

to the Allies

    • German U-Boat campaign
u boat campaign
U-Boat Campaign
  • World War I saw the first mass use of submarines (Unterseeboot)
  • Germany targeted military and supply ships
u s opinion inflamed
U.S. Opinion inflamed
  • Civilians killed when passenger liners attached
    • Lusitania
    • Sussex
  • Wilson threatened to cut ties with Germany
  • Sussex Pledge (May 1916)
    • Germany agreed to stop targeting certain ships
preparations
Preparations
  • Influential Americans proposed entering the war in 1915
  • National Defense Act passed in June, 1916
    • Saw a rapid growth of the military
      • Increased Army to 175,000 troops
      • 50 new warships for the Navy
1916 presidential campaign
1916 Presidential Campaign
  • Seen as a referendum on U.S. policy
  • Wilson promoted Progressive causes
  • Anti-War Sentiments strong
  • “He Kept Us

Out of the War”

u s declares war april 1917
U.S. Declares War – April 1917
  • Zimmermann Telegram
    • Germany to start “unrestricted submarine warfare” in February 1917
    • Germany attempts alliance with Mexico
      • Plan was for Mexico to declare war on the U.S.
  • U.S. Merchant ships sunk by U-boats
  • Spectre of U.S. economicdifficulties
not a bang but a whimper
Not a Bang, but a Whimper
  • The War ended on November 11, 1918
    • German troops simply gave up
    • Could not match numbers of the Allies
  • Allied troops did not set foot in Germany during the War