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Chapter 8: Develop Your Emotional Intelligence

Chapter 8: Develop Your Emotional Intelligence. Dr. M. Davis-Brantley. Emotional Intelligence. What is Emotional Intelligence? EQ vs. IQ IQ was said to be a predictor of success; on the contrary, IQ is a poor predictor of future success

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Chapter 8: Develop Your Emotional Intelligence

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  1. Chapter 8: Develop Your Emotional Intelligence Dr. M. Davis-Brantley

  2. Emotional Intelligence • What is Emotional Intelligence? • EQ vs. IQ • IQ was said to be a predictor of success; on the contrary, IQ is a poor predictor of future success • Valliant (1977) conducted research on Harvard graduates in the 1940’s and found: • Those with higher SAT scores tended to be less successful than their lower scoring counterparts with regard to career success, income, and interpersonal lives (based on marital satisfaction and quality of social life) • Other researchers found that higher IQ also did not predict employment stability • Researcher, Goleman reported that IQ only contributes about 20% to one’s success in life • The other 80% has to do with one’s emotional intelligence

  3. Emotional Intelligence • Emotional Intelligence includes skills such as • Being able to motivate yourself • Persevere in the face of frustration • To delay gratification • To control your emotions • To empathize with others • Maintain a positive outlook • What’s the difference between this and IQ?

  4. Gardner’s (1983) Challenges traditional view of intelligence

  5. Gardner and EQ • Gardner divided emotional intelligence into four components: • Leadership skills • Ability to make friends and nurture relationships • The ability to resolve conflicts • Emotional Perceptiveness

  6. Goleman and Emotional Intelligence • Goleman divided EQ into five components • Self-Awareness—which is the ability to know your own emotions • Managing your emotions—the ability to master stress, control anger, overcome depression and anxiety, and remain optimistic • All of which are vital in recovering from life problems • Self-motivation—the ability to persevere, to delay gratification and wait for rewards, and stay focused on a task especially those essential in most life endeavors and long-term goals • Perceptiveness—the ability to perceive and correctly identify the emotions of others along with skill at recognizing how your behavior impact others • Handling relationships—skill in relating to others and managing their emotions • Involves listening skills, conversational skills, being able to resolve conflicts, and knowing how to be appropriately assertive

  7. Emotional Intelligence and Relationships • Dependence—is the reliance on another for one’s needs • Interdependence—is the relationship that ensues between two or more independent individuals who come together to achieve a common goal • They realize that working together can help them achieve more than the mere sum of their individual accomplishments • Healthy marriages, business partnerships, and friendships are characterized by interdependence • Co-dependence—is when individuals depend on one another b/c they do not truly feel they can survive on their own • Rather than support one another’s growth, they create situations to ensure the co-dependency (Drama!!!) • Ex: The alcoholic husband and the co-dependent wife who says she wants her husband to stop drinking but continues to buy his alcohol • Ex: I hate my girlfriend and I will break up with her but continue to have unprotected sex with her (Which can lead to baby-mama or baby-daddy drama)

  8. The Win-Win Frame • Prisoner’s Dilemma • Win-Win Outcomes • Lose-Lose Outcomes • Barriers to Win-Win Outcomes • Anger or resentment • Getting wrapped up in your emotions • No Cooperation

  9. Conflict Resolution and Personal Effectiveness • What is conflict resolution? • Useful guidelines used to resolve a conflict or disagreements with friends, loved ones, relatives, coworkers, etc… • How might effective conflict resolution contribute to one’s personal effectiveness? • Typically we use a very informal (and sometimes close-minded) approach to solving problems, which can lead to not having a resolution • What are the steps to conflict resolution?

  10. Steps to Conflict Resolution Step 1: Acknowledge/Identify the Problem to Yourself • Some conflict is an unavoidable part of life, but must be handled adequately or it can lead to other problems • Step out of your shoes ad look at the situation and determine what the real problem is • Understand Why? you are upset and own that the problem is yours so that you can be more effective in approaching the other party

  11. Steps to Conflict Resolution Step 2: Agree on a Date and a Procedure • Don’t just confront the other person • Fights often ensue because one person confronts the other without the other person being ready at that moment • Set up a meeting time that is convenient for both • Make sure there is enough time allotted to deal with the issue • Decide who will be in attendance of the meeting

  12. Steps to Conflict Resolution Step 3: Describe Your Problem and Your Needs • Recognize that you begin creating a climate for either cooperation or contention from the moment negotiations begin • Both parties are meeting because they have some shared interests • Ex: Your landlord will meet with you b/c she wants to keep you as a tenant • State your position and your needs upfront • Using “I” statements, instead of “You” statements which may make the other person defensive and place blame • Define the problem as a mutual problem to tap the motivation of all parties to seek a mutual agreement • Manage your emotions appropriately

  13. The Nature of Anger • Remember “Fight or Flight” Response • Anger is an adaptive reaction when face with a perceived threat (e.g., tiger attacks us in the jungle) • Anger had survival value in the past • In today’s world physical confrontations are no longer useful in most situations • Violent, unrestrained anger, has been the forefront of national headlines and at the core of many of most serious problems (e.g., 9/11 and school killings, what else???) • Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis—frustration is a primary factor resulting in anger • Frustrationis a result of being blocked from reaching a goal

  14. The Nature of Anger: Where does anger come from? • We learn anger from others • An individual will exhibit anger and hostility based on seeing anger having been rewarded or modeled in their past. • An individual may also not exhibit anger based on watching aggressive behaviors be punished • Remember: Observational Learning? • Research: 8y.o. boys who preferred violent games were likely to be aggressive as 18y.o. men

  15. Predicting Aggressive Behavior • Individuals are likely to engage in aggressive behavior if: • There is a previous history of violent behavior • Having been physically abused in childhood • Having witnessed violence in the home as a child • A history of harming animals as a child • Heavy exposure to violent TV programs or video games • Absence of remorse over hurting others • Family history of mental illness or violence

  16. Anger • Physiology of Anger • Learning to control your anger

  17. Role of Attribution in Anger • Looking to others to blame for our anger • Attribution Theory • If humans are faced with physiological arousal of unknown origin, they will search their environment for an appropriate explanation or label for this arousal

  18. Anger: Forgiveness

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