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EDU 6982 – Educational Inquiry Dr. Karen Smith, Instructor. Nutrition Group Research Proposal Group Members: Kimberly Robinson, Jessica Rottweiler, Kathe Sehmsdorf, Nick West. Research Topic. Topic : Nutrition and Impact on Academic Performance

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Edu 6982 educational inquiry dr karen smith instructor

EDU 6982 – Educational InquiryDr. Karen Smith, Instructor

Nutrition Group Research Proposal

Group Members: Kimberly Robinson, Jessica Rottweiler, Kathe Sehmsdorf, Nick West


Research topic
Research Topic

  • Topic: Nutrition and Impact on Academic Performance

  • Question: Is there a correlation between dietary nutrition and performance on the IOWA Basic Skills Test?


Research hypothesis
Research Hypothesis

  • Hypothesis: There is a positive correlation between dietary nutrition levels and academic performance.


Variables and population
Variables and Population

  • Independent:Dietary Nutrition Levels

    (Food Choice Inventory)

  • Dependent: Academic Performance

    (IOWA Test of Basic Skills)

  • Population: 11th graders (middle income) in Washington state


Review of literature
Review of Literature

Effect of a 12 month micronutrient intervention on learning and memory

in well nourished and marginally nourished school-aged children: 2

parallel, randomized, placebo-controlled studies in Australia and

Indonesia. (2007)

  • Experimental

    • Tested:

      • Mix of micronutrients – marked improvements on verbal learning and memory

      • Fatty acids - inconclusive

      • Micronutrients and fatty acids – same as above, fatty acids = no effect

      • Control (placebo)


Review of literature1
Review of Literature

  • The impact of a two-year breakfast program for preschool-aged children on their nutrient intake and pre-academic performance. (1999)

    • Experimental

      • Tested:

        • Effect of School Breakfast Program on cognitive performance

        • Conclusion: Nutritionally balance breakfast has positive impact on cognitive performance


Review of literature2
Review of Literature

  • Effects of Nutrient Intake on Task Performance in a Sample of Inner-City Elementary School Children (2001)

    • Non-experimental

      • Conclusion: Food stamp recipients eat more poorly as the month progresses and academic performance coincides


Subjects sampling procedures
Subjects & Sampling Procedures

  • Subjects:

    • 500 - 11th grade (middle income) public school students in WA state from rural, urban and suburban school districts

  • Sampling:

    • #1 – Convenience (districts in WA that administer ITBS)

    • #2 - Stratified Random Sampling (urban, suburban, rural)

    • #3– Volunteer Participants (school administrator permission)

    • #4– Middle Income Survey respondents selected


Instrumentation
Instrumentation

  • ITBS (Iowa Test of Basic Skills)

  • Food Choice Inventory

    • Assesses food choice behaviors of junior and senior high school students and adults.

    • Survey question accounting for income bracket


Quantitative research design
Quantitative Research Design

  • Non-experimental

  • Simple correlation


Learning process
Learning Process

  • Originally Experimental

    • Implementation of school lunch

      • Challenges:

        • High cost

        • Subject compliance

        • Parental and school permission

    • Hair sample micronutrient level test

      • Challenges:

        • Extremely high cost

        • Subject compliance

        • Parental and school permission


Learning process1
Learning Process

  • Non-Experimental

    • Less costly

    • No intervention necessary

    • What Design???

    • Original Design

      • multilevel logistic regression

        • account for co-variance of socio-economic status with dependent and independent variables

    • Current Design

      • simple correlation

        • account for co-variance of income level status with dependent and independent variables more simply using middle income bracket as qualifier


References
References

  • The NEMO Study Group. (2007). Effect of a 12 month micronutrient intervention on learning and memory in well-nourished and marginally nourished school-aged children: 2 parallel, randomized, placebo-controlled studies in Australia and Indonesia. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 86(4), 1082-1093. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. EJ824000) Retrieved January 22, 2009, from ERIC database.

  • Walingo, Mary K. and Musamali, Betty. (2008). Nutrient Intake and Nutritional Status Indicators of Participant and Nonparticipant Pupils of a Parent-Supported School Lunch Program in Kenya. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, Vol. 40, No. 5, 298-304.

  • Florence, M.D., Asbridge, M. & Veugelers, P. (April 1, 2008). Diet Quality and Academic Performance. Journal of School Health, 78(4), 209-215 (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. EJ812000) Retrieved January 30, 2009, from ERIC database.

  • Worobey, John, Rutgers U & Worobey, Harriet S. (1999). The impact of a two-year breakfast program for preschool-aged children on their nutrient intake and pre-academic performance. Child Study Journal, Vol29 (2), 113-131 ((ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. EJ 0009-4005) Retrieved February 3, 2009, from ERIC database.


References1
References

  • Worobey, J., Worobey, H. S., Johnson, E. & Hamm, M. (2001, Apr. 21). Effects of Nutrient Intake on Task Performance in a Sample of Inner City Elementary School Children. Society for Research in Child Development Conference.

  • Wyon, D. P., Abrahamsoson, L., Jartelius, M. & Fletcher, R. J. (1997). An experimental study of the effects of energy intake at breakfast on the test performance of 10-year-old children in school. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, (48), 5-12.

  • Voiland, A. (November 3, 2008). Rethinking School Lunch. U.S. News & World Report, 145(10), 65.

  • Taras, H. & Potts-Datema, W. (October 2005). Obesity and Student Performance at School. Journal of School Health, 75(8), 291-295

  • Pollit, E. & Mathews, R. (1998). Breakfast and cognition: An integrative summary. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 67(4), 804-813.

  • Cromer, B.A., Tarnowski, K.T., Stein, A.M, Harton, P. & Thornton, D.J. (1990). The school breakfast program and cognition in adolescence. Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 11 (6), 295-300.