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Annelise Lorenzo, Brea Talsness , Rebecca Wheatman , & Leslie Zabala PowerPoint Presentation
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Women's fear of crime predicts preferences for aggressive and formidable mates.

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Annelise Lorenzo, Brea Talsness , Rebecca Wheatman , & Leslie Zabala


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Women's fear of crime predicts preferences for aggressive and formidable mates

Snyder, J. K., Fessler, D. T., Tiokhin, L., Frederick, D. A., Lee, S., & Navarrete, C. (2011). Trade-offs in a dangerous world: Women's fear of crime predicts preferences for aggressive and formidable mates. Evolution and Human Behavior, 32(2) 127-137.

AnneliseLorenzo, Brea Talsness, Rebecca Wheatman, & Leslie Zabala

For Dr. Mills' Psyc 310 class, Spring, 2011

intro
Intro
  • Sexual dimorphism in violence
  • Male’s ability to protect partner
  • Pros/Cons
  • Women who like aggressive men
  • Societies where aggression works

Snyder, J. K., Fessler, D. T., Tiokhin, L., Frederick, D. A., Lee, S., & Navarrete, C. (2011). Trade-offs in a dangerous world: Women's fear of crime predicts preferences for aggressive and formidable mates. Evolution and Human Behavior, 32(2) 127-137.

intro1
Intro
  • Variables
  • Hypothesis: Neighborhood crime rates, resource inequality and perceived vulnerability to crime would be related to a preference for aggressive-formidable mates.
  • Video: Miss Congeniality S.I.N.G.

Snyder, J. K., Fessler, D. T., Tiokhin, L., Frederick, D. A., Lee, S., & Navarrete, C. (2011). Trade-offs in a dangerous world: Women's fear of crime predicts preferences for aggressive and formidable mates. Evolution and Human Behavior, 32(2) 127-137.

methods
Methods
  • Participants:

1,048 women via online survey

Ages 18-66; mean 30.01

  • Dependent Variable
  • Independent Variables

Snyder, J. K., Fessler, D. T., Tiokhin, L., Frederick, D. A., Lee, S., & Navarrete, C. (2011). Trade-offs in a dangerous world: Women's fear of crime predicts preferences for aggressive and formidable mates. Evolution and Human Behavior, 32(2) 127-137.

results
Results
  • Positive correlation between preference for aggressive-formidable men and both PVC and real neighborhood crime.
  • Formidable men insignificantly linked to resource inequality.
  • Controlling for age, education and exposure to violent crime, PVC was positively related to preferences for aggressive formidability.

Snyder, J. K., Fessler, D. T., Tiokhin, L., Frederick, D. A., Lee, S., & Navarrete, C. (2011). Trade-offs in a dangerous world: Women's fear of crime predicts preferences for aggressive and formidable mates. Evolution and Human Behavior, 32(2) 127-137.

discussion
Discussion
  • PVC predicted woman’s preference for aggressive formidability.
  • Past experiences largely contribute, not just crime stats.
  • Suggests girls assess environment during critical window and calculate mate preferences.

Snyder, J. K., Fessler, D. T., Tiokhin, L., Frederick, D. A., Lee, S., & Navarrete, C. (2011). Trade-offs in a dangerous world: Women's fear of crime predicts preferences for aggressive and formidable mates. Evolution and Human Behavior, 32(2) 127-137.

discussion1
Discussion
  • Women’s fear of crime predicted extent to which they valued aggressive-formidability in a mate.
  • Tend to prefer these mates only when benefits outweigh the costs.
  • Value of aggressive mate is dependent on woman’s own perceived ability to address violence.
  • Fear may be partly genetic (neuroticism)
  • Conclusion: women = capable strategists, capable of seeking aggressively formidable partners when profitable.

Snyder, J. K., Fessler, D. T., Tiokhin, L., Frederick, D. A., Lee, S., & Navarrete, C. (2011). Trade-offs in a dangerous world: Women's fear of crime predicts preferences for aggressive and formidable mates. Evolution and Human Behavior, 32(2) 127-137.

critical review
Critical Review
  • Pros
      • Sample covers the entire range of female reproductive years
      • Pros and cons of an aggressive partner for women were discussed
      • Important that personal experiences, not just crime stats contribute
  • Cons
      • Need to sample population larger than US women
      • Sample was chosen via found websites so was not completely random
      • Effect of coping mechanisms because of past trauma on partner choice was not fully addressed

Snyder, J. K., Fessler, D. T., Tiokhin, L., Frederick, D. A., Lee, S., & Navarrete, C. (2011). Trade-offs in a dangerous world: Women's fear of crime predicts preferences for aggressive and formidable mates. Evolution and Human Behavior, 32(2) 127-137.