mi amigo el subjuntivo n.
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Mi amigo el subjuntivo

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  1. Mi amigo el subjuntivo FLAVA & WL Peer Group Conference September 2014 Dr. Miguel A. Lechuga

  2. Have you ever thought of Subjunctive as a friend? In most texts Subjunctive in Spanish is presented as a hard part of the Grammar. Perhaps because of the unknown aspect of it or maybe because students don’t know the existence of it in English. Ideally we should present a new way of it to our students, no as a one more set of conjugations. Learning subjunctive could be challenging and fun.

  3. Basic.The subjunctive is not a tense; rather, it is a mood.Tense refers to when an action takes place (past, present, future), while mood merely reflects how the speaker feels about the action.

  4. The subjunctive mood is rarely used in English, but it is used.

  5. Examples: • I suggest that you study

  6. Examples: • I suggest that you study • The doctor recommends that he take the pills with food

  7. Examples: • I suggest that you study • The doctor recommends that he take the pills with food • We recommend that she come home today

  8. Examples: • I suggest that you study • The doctor recommends that he take the pills with food • We recommend that she come home today Robert recommended that Mary join the committee

  9. Examples: • I suggest that you study • The doctor recommends that he take the pills with food • We recommend that she come home today Robert recommended that Mary join the committee The mother suggests that her child eat vegetables

  10. Examples: • I suggest that you study • The doctor recommends that he take the pills with food • We recommend that she come home today Robert recommended that Mary join the committee The mother suggests that her child eat vegetables The law requires that you be 18 years old to vote

  11. I suggest that you study Examples: • The doctor recommends that he take the pills with food • We recommend that she come home today Robert recommended that Mary join the committee The mother suggests that her child eat vegetables The law requires that you be 18 years old to vote If I were a rich man, I wouldn't have to work hard Is it essential that we be there?

  12. I suggest that you study Examples: • The doctor recommends that he take the pills with food • We recommend that she come home today Robert recommended that Mary join the committee The mother suggests that her child eat vegetables The law requires that you be 18 years old to vote If I were a rich man, I wouldn't have to work hard Is it essential that we be there? Yes, it is important that you be there on time

  13. As teachers, we need to pretend two things: a. The action that the acting (main) subject wants isnot already done at the present. b. We will follow the “math” formula:S1 V1 que S2 VS

  14. S1 V1 que S2 VS S1is the main subject or subjects.V1is the main verb and is conjugated in the normal conjugation. queis the most important part of the sentence since is the hint, the nexus of the two sentences. S1 ≠ S2; S2is other subject(s) VS is the verb, conjugated in the subjunctive tense.

  15. Important, and logic: We cannot teach subjunctive if students don’t know the indicative present tense.

  16. The indicative present tense of the three regular endings:-AR -ER -IRYo habl – ocom – o escrib – oTú habl– ascom – esescrib– esEl /ella /Ud. habl– acom – eescrib – eNosotros habl– amos com– emosescrib– emosVosotros habl– áiscom – éisescrib – éisEllos/as/Uds. habl- ancom – enescrib– en

  17. “Copy Cat Endings”-ar endings are the same as –erand -ir endings in the present indicative except in the yo form.-er and -irendings are the same as -ar endings in the present indicative except in the yo form.Using the same verbs, we have,

  18. The subjunctive present tense of the three regular endings:-AR -ER -IRYo habl – ecom – aescrib – aTú habl– escom – asescrib– asEl /ella /Ud. habl– ecom – aescrib – aNosotros habl– emoscom– amosescrib– amosVosotros habl– éiscom – áisescrib – áisEllos/as/Uds. habl- encom – anescrib– an

  19. W-E-I-R-D-O

  20. W-E-I-R-D-O W------------------------------Will - Wish Juan (no) quiere que Ana hable con Ricardo. Do you remember the math formula? S1 V1 que S2 VS Juan is S1, quiere is V1, que is que, Ana is S2 and hable is VS V1: Querer, desear, preferir, insistir, necesitar, etc….. Juan (no) desea que Ana trabaje en ese restaurante.

  21. W-E-I-R-D-O E-----------------------------Emotions. (No) Me gusta que Peter hable en español MegustaquePeter is S2 hable is VS enespañol V1: Alegrarse, entristecerse, gustar, sentir, etc….. ….. Nos alegra que Peter hable en español.

  22. W-E-I-R-D-O I -----------------------------Impersonal Expressions (No) Es necesario que Marie estudie la lección. IE: Es posible….Es imposible….Es interesante… Es lógico… Es posible que yo aprenda subjuntivo

  23. W-E-I-R-D-O R ---------------------------Request El profesor manda que salgamos de la clase V1: Pedir, decir, ordenar, prohibir, exigir, permitir, recomendar, Theseverbs requiere indirect objectproun. El profesor nos manda que salgamos de la clase Te digo que estudies la lección.

  24. W-E-I-R-D-O D -----------------------------Doubts and Denials Theresa duda que la clase termine pronto. V1 : Dudar, negar, no creer, etc. Theresaduda que la clase termine pronto. Theresano duda que la clase termina pronto.

  25. W-E-I-R-D-O O -----------------------------Ojala / Ojalá (que) Ojala las preguntas sean fáciles Ojala que mi padre me compre un auto nuevo V1: (There is no verb) Spanish transIation: if God grants

  26. W-E-I-R-D-O W Mi amigo quiere que ………………. (yo) estudiar, mirar, hablar Mi madre desea que ………….(yo /sujeto) limpiar, estudiar, preparar Pero yo no quiero que …………….. mi madre / mi profesor ……

  27. W-E-I-R-D-O Decir, digo ---- diga, digas, diga, digamos, digáis, digan. Hacer, hago----hag… Poner, pongo ---  Salir, salgo----- Traer traigo----- Venir vengo----

  28. W-E-I-R-D-O Hay (there is /are) always is haya Ir voy -----vaya, vayas, vaya, vayamos, vayáis, vayan Saber se ------sepa, sepas, sepa, Ser soy -----sea, seas, sea,

  29. W-E-I-R-D-O W Los estudiantes quieren que no……………. (hay) clase hoy. Es tarde, necesito que tú……….. (ir) a la tienda a por leche. Mi madre desea que yo siempre ………… (decir) la verdad.

  30. W-E-I-R-D-O E Siento mucho que tú ……….(estar) enfermo. Mi madre se alegra de que yo ……..(tener) una A en español. Me molesta que nosotros …………….(hacer) un test el lunes.

  31. W-E-I-R-D-O Me alegra que Miguel nos ………..(hay) enseñado el subjuntivo hoy. Me molesta que nosotros ……..(tener) que esperar hasta el año que viene para que nosotros ………….(practicar) el subjuntivo en pasado o en frases en que ……..(hay) dudas o que no ………………(saber) si va a ocurrir. Por lo tanto, es necesario que yo ……..… (venir) el año que viene.

  32. W-E-I-R-D-O