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Block 11/20-21/13

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  1. Block 11/20-21/13 • Please get out the following: • Colored pens or pencils • A smile! • Pen, pencil

  2. Unit 2 CT and AW collection:

  3. Before the Agricultural Revolution: Subsistence Farming in England Fallow (undeveloped) Inefficient Land Use: No fences, land used for pathways, 1/3 of the land left untouched. Crops No New Ideas Livestock = CRISIS! French Blockade + Population Growth

  4. Answer the Question at the bottom of the box.

  5. The Enclosure Movement

  6. “Enclosed” Lands Today

  7. Agricultural Revolution: England 1600s and 1700s Enclosure Movement + Fertilizer + New Crops (potato, turnip, corn) + !?! Wheat Clover Seed Turnips Population Growth Crop Rotation that renews the soil Seed Drill that puts seeds out of bird’s reach +

  8. Answer the Question at the bottom of the box.

  9. Cottage Industry

  10. Cottage Industry: The Start of Factories $ $$$$$$ Best wool from Best Sheep Merchant Best Spinner spins Best Thread Best Weaver weaves Best Cloth Best Seamstress sews Best Clothes The Best Shirt EVER! One expensive item will make you RICH!

  11. Create a paragraph summary at the bottom of the page. During this time I will be handing out a colored piece of paper. Do not write on it.

  12. Dear Scholar, You have 10 minutes to design a beautiful piece of stationary (a decorated piece of paper for writing letters to friends) that represents you. GO! (time yourself) Sincerely, Mrs. B Stationary Simulation

  13. Hummmm…. • How long did it take you to make this special item? • I need 4 volunteers. • They will create special stationary as well – just watch…

  14. What are the advantages to hand crafted items? What are the disadvantages? What are the advantages of mass produced items? What are the disadvantages? Argue: Which over all is Better? Why? Argue: Which will make you more money? Why? Which will be more emotionally satisfying? (as a producer and consumer) Stationary Activity Questions:

  15. Friday 11/22/13 Please get out the following: • Blank KTM • Paper, Pencil and highlighter • Binder paper • IR packet notes from block.

  16. What are the advantages to hand crafted items? What are the disadvantages? What are the advantages of mass produced items? What are the disadvantages? Argue: Which over all is Better? Why? Argue: Which will make you more money? Why? Which will be more emotionally satisfying? (as a producer and consumer) Stationary Activity Questions:

  17. Look back at your notes from last unit. Summarize - what is the difference between reform and revolution?

  18. Life before and during the IR Set up your notes like this: Life Before Life During the Industrial Revolution the Industrial Revolution Use this T-Chart to take notes from the Video on how life changed during the Industrial Revolution! You need to place at least 6 significant facts on each side.

  19. Monday 11/25/13 • Please get out the following: • Film notes from Friday • Agricultural Revolution KTM • Piece of paper for in class work • IR notes packet • Ch. 9.1 CN • Blank KTM

  20. Opener with your table groups: You may use your CN or notes from Friday • What are 2 things people did not need before the Industrial Revolution? • How did the IR get to the U.S.? • What crop made the U.S. money and why? • What did interchangeable parts do for the IR? • What about New England made it good for industrializing? • Why did factories hire children? • How were the factories dangerous? • Did women and men get paid the same amounts in the factories?

  21. Check your work… • Fast transportation, money, clocks • Industrial spying/espionage, copying of the machines • Cotton, slave labor was used (free labor) • Items can be kept and fixed (saves money) • Ports, water ways and people with money to invest • Children were cheap, small and wouldn’t complain • Fibers in the air, heavy and fast machines, tiring work hours, pollution • Men got paid much more (still same today)

  22. Pg. 2 Factors of Production-Those resources you need to build a working factory. Generally named LAND, LABOR, CAPITAL and ENTREPRENEURSHIP. • England has all the necessary Natural Resources • People to work = labor • Coal for fuel = capital or land • Metals to build Machines = capital • Canalsand rivers for Transportation = land • Wool from sheep = capital • Raw Materials = capital or land • Merchants with money = entrepreneur and capital

  23. Coal and Coal Production: Young Coal Miners

  24. Child Labor in the Mines Child “hurriers”

  25. Coalfields & Industrial Areas BSQ: Why are the coal fields and the industrial areas usually in the same place? BSQ: How do you explain the location of London so far from any coal fields?

  26. Coal Mining in Britain:1800-1914 BSQ: Why would coal mining go Down between 1880 and 1914?

  27. British Pig Iron Production The pig iron is used to make Steel

  28. Coal to Iron to Steel [1840-1880] Steel, made from combining the heat from coal and melting the metal iron in a special process, forms the backbone of the Industrial Revolution • Energy: More powerful than water is coal. • Machines: More powerful than wood is iron. • Innovations make steel possible.*“Puddling” [1820] – “pig iron, initial, brittle.”* “Hot blast” [1829] – cheaper, purer steel.*Bessemer process [1856] – strong, flexible steel, removal of impurities.

  29. Early Canals Britain’s Earliest Transportation Infrastructure

  30. Remember this map? • Canals are the easiest method of transportation for the English. • They were relatively cheap because there were already rives to connect. Are Scotland and Wales at the same advantage as England?

  31. Before Moving from the Cottage to the Factory After

  32. Complete the summary at the bottom of your notes.

  33. Tuesday 11/26/13 • Please get out the following: • IR in class notes packet • “entrepreneur” KTM • Unit 3 content rubric

  34. Create a new KTM

  35. Here are some things you could have used…

  36. The Factory System

  37. Pg.3: Factory Production (4 slides) • Concentrates production in oneplace [materials, labor]. • Located near sources of power, like water[rather than labor or markets]. • Requires a lot of capital investment[factory, machines, etc.] morethan skilled labor. • Was only 10% of English industry in 1850.

  38. Richard Arkwright:“Pioneer of the Factory System” The “Water Frame”

  39. Factory System = $$$ X 100 Wool X 1000 Raw Materials + Machines + Power = Goods Many Cheap items will make you Richer! Factory Dye Thread Horse and Cart Trains I’m Filthy rich! Goods are Transported to market to be sold for more $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ $$$$$$ $$$$$$ Steam Ships

  40. To the right of the next two BSQs write in bullet form what you learn about the “early factories” and “later factories”. On the left side answer the BSQs.

  41. Early Factories were nice places to work. People cooked and lived together in employee communities and their children went to community schools. Bosses knew their employees personally. The Mills at Lanmark

  42. Later Factories were bigger, harsher places. Bosses did not know their employees, did not care about them and could always hire someone else. Manchester Factory Building

  43. Making Thread: Early Factories Spinning Wheel

  44. Spinning Jenny Making Thread: Early Factories

  45. Weaving Cloth: Early Factories Hand Loom

  46. Power Loom Weaving Cloth: Later Factories

  47. The Later Factory System • Rigid schedule. • 12-14 hour day. • Only Sundays off. • Dangerous conditions. • Mind-numbing monotony.

  48. Young “Bobbin-Doffers” Inside the Later Factory: Workers received no benefits, sick days, disability, bathrooms or coffee breaks. They were responsible for their own safety and worked 14 hours a day. They started at age 6 and lived to be about 35.