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Wolfgang Suske, Consultant for Rural Development and Nature Conservation. Rural Development and Nature Conservation in Austria Background – Effects – Examples – Plans for the Future. Introdruction …. Rural Developement Austria. 80.000ha. 3,2%. AE (ÖPUL). NC. 27 Mio €. 4%.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Wolfgang Suske, Consultant for Rural Development and Nature Conservation

Rural Development and Nature Conservation

in Austria

Background – Effects – Examples – Plans for the Future

slide2

Introdruction …

Rural Developement

Austria

80.000ha

3,2%

AE

(ÖPUL)

NC

27 Mio €

4%

27.000 holdings

20%

Art.9/NC

1,4 Mio €

Art.33/NC

2,5 Mio €

AE (ÖPUL):

Basic subsidy

Conservation landscape elements

Organic farmers

Reduction pesticides

and fertilization

Greencovers

Mowing steep slopes

slide3

Three short stories …

… about the cooperation between beneficairies and administration

1. The Golden Triangle

… about the importance to look on the whole farm

2. Whole farm approach - „NC Plan“

… about the starting point of sustainable nature protection

3. Protecting initiative starts in our mind

slide4

1. The Golden Triangle

Authorities

Design, Administration

and Controlling

NGOs, experts,

planners

Beneficiaries

Identify deficits

in practice

Consulting, Connecting,

Monitoring

slide5

1. The Golden Triangle

Rural Developement

Austria

Nature Conservation

measures ÖPUL

Calculations

for all provinces

Menu of premiums

and restrictions

Guidelines

Guidelines

discussion and decision

about implementation

training

field reports

test

visitation on farm

agreement between expert and farmer

slide6

1. The Golden Triangle example

permanent structures of dialogue

Ministry, regional authority,

NGOs, (experts)

evaluation and monitoring

„ÖPUL - Advisory Board“

coordination

administration and controlling

coordination meetings

regional authorities

accompanying Working Group

program development,mediation

of various interests, strategies

regional authorities, expert

regional authorities, planners, experts, (famers)

Success stories,difficult situations,

open questions, ideas

Expert Group

farmers, experts, ministry, provinces, NGOs

positive and negative experiences

on farm

seminars, field trips

slide7

1. The Golden Triangle example

I agree on mowing later,

but …

field reports

goal

special mowing-date to

conserve variety of

grassland- species

method

mowing at specific

“phenologic dates”

„… mostly I have troubles

because of two or three days.

Weather forecast tells about

adverse weather – so I‘ll get

difficulties with quality of hay!“

slide8

1. The Golden Triangle example

method

mowing at specific

“phenologic dates”

discussion and decision

about implementation

slide9

1. The Golden Triangle

Authorities

Design, Administration

and Controlling

Ideas

NGOs, experts,

planners

Beneficiaries

Identify deficits

in practice

Consulting, Connecting,

Monitoring

slide10

2. Whole farm approach - „NC Plan“

NC Plan: includes difficult areas

in management, organizes alternatives

steep, dangerous,

difficult, poor soil

but: high quality of hay

far away, poor soil;

but: wonderful natural scenery,

high quality of hay

NC Plan: includes difficult areas

in management, organizes alternatives

valuable structures „against“

investments on farm-building and cowshed

NC Plan: includes protecting structures around the farm

NC Plan: requirements geared to the situation of the farm

manure - management

slide11

visitation of whole farm

valuable areas(conservation and restoration)

fix

flexible

x

1,0 ha

x

1,9 ha

2,0 ha

0,5 ha

x

0,1 ha

2. Whole farm approach - „NC Plan“

e.g. 3 ha

slide12

2. Whole farm approach - „NC Plan“

map of each NC- farm

and the valuable areas

short and nice

description of the landscape

around the farm

„hot spots“ - species

statewide prepared,

regional adapted,

local selected

slide13

3. Protecting initiative starts in our mind

Favorite places of farmers and expectant farmers

Fam. Brunner

Fam. Schattbacher

H. Greischberger, junior

S. Zauner

A. Aichhorn

Fam. Gerhalter

slide14

3. Protecting initiative starts in our mind

erstwhile favorite places of farmers

slide17

3. Protecting initiative starts in our mind

… and the success factor?

1257/99

creation of

awareness 

Art.22

Art. 9

Art.33

administration 

new RD

Art.36

Art.37

Art.55

Art.43

Art.44

Trend of nature Conservation measures in Lower Austria (1994 – 2002)