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The Organization of Matter. Matter. Mixtures: a) Homogeneous (Solutions) b) Heterogeneous. Pure Substances. Elements. Compounds. Atoms. Nucleus. Electrons. Protons. Neutrons. Quarks. Quarks. Phase Differences.

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the organization of matter
The Organization of Matter

Matter

Mixtures:

a) Homogeneous(Solutions)

b) Heterogeneous

Pure Substances

Elements

Compounds

Atoms

Nucleus

Electrons

Protons

Neutrons

Quarks

Quarks

phase differences
Phase Differences

Solid– definite volume and shape; particles packed in fixed positions.

Liquid– definite volume but indefinite shape; particles close together but not in fixed positions

Gas– neither definite volume nor definite shape; particles are at great distances from one another

Plasma– high temperature, ionized phase of matter as found on the sun.

properties of matter
Properties of Matter

Extensive propertiesdepend on the amount of matter that is present.

Volume

Mass

Energy Content (think Calories!)

Intensive propertiesdo not depend on the amount of matter present.

Melting point

Boiling point

Density

separation of a mixture
Separation of a Mixture

The constituents of the mixture retain their identity and may be separated by physical means.

separation of a mixture5
Separation of a Mixture

The components of dyes such as ink may be separated by paper chromatography.

separation of a compound the electrolysis of water
Separation of a CompoundThe Electrolysis of water

Compounds must be separated by chemical means.

With the application of electricity, water can be separated into its elements

Reactant  Products

Water  Hydrogen + Oxygen

2 H2O  2 H2+ O2