Day 141: The Stormy 60’s. Baltimore Polytechnic Institute April 16, 2012 A Course U.S. History Mr. Green. Reading Check. 1. This Republican lost to John F. Kennedy in the 1960 Presidential Election.
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Baltimore Polytechnic Institute
April 16, 2012
A Course U.S. History
1. This Republican lost to John F. Kennedy in the 1960 Presidential Election.
2. This Presidential action failed in April 1961 and resulted in JFK appearing weak and indecisive.
3. This leader of the Soviet Union in the early 1960s was able to manipulate JFK on2 separate occasions.
4. This was built in August 1961 to prevent a loss of population and also demonstrated the iron curtain that Churchill spoke about after WWII.
5. Kennedy was able to avert nuclear disaster in October 1962 during this event.
The students will be able to analyze to what extent the federal government should provide benefits to the indigent by summarizing the views of writers on poverty
Indicate how America reacted to Pearl Harbor and prepared to wage war against both Germany and Japan.
Describe the mobilization of the American economy for war and the mobilization of manpower and womanpower for both the military and wartime production.
Describe the war’s effects on American society, including regional migration, race relations, and women’s roles.
Explain the early Japanese successes in East Asia and the Pacific, and the American strategy for countering them.
Early in the war, Germany, Japan, and Italy have considerable military success. The Allies, except for France, which had surrendered in 1940, are fortunate not to be overwhelmed completely.
Fearing that they will be disloyal, President Roosevelt orders the detention of Japanese Americans, a serious violation of basic American civil rights.
Unified by Pearl Harbor, America effectively carried out a war mobilization effort that produced vast social and economic changes within American society.
Following its “get Hitler first” strategy, the United States and its Allies invaded and liberated conquered Europe from Fascist rule. The slower strategy of island-hopping against Japan also proceeded successfully until the atomic bomb brought a sudden end to World War II.
Describe LBJ’s War on Poverty.
What is the difference between Medicaid and Medicare?
What impact did the War on Poverty have on the United States?
Civil Rights Act of 1964
banned racial discrimination in most private facilities open to the public
Title VII-empowered the EEOC
Affirmative Action-executive order in 1965
Great Society-War on Poverty
meant to transform American way of life
education, medical care for elderly/indigent, immigration reform, voting rights bill
HUD-Robert C. Weaver
abolished the “national origins” quota since 1921
doubled the number annually and limited immigrants from the Western Hemisphere
family unification provision
education for underprivileged youth
Democrats nominate Lyndon B. Johnson
won a Senate seat in 1948 by 87 votes
Republicans nominate Barry Goldwater
486-52 Electoral vote
43,129,566 to 27,178,188 popular vote
Conservatism versus Liberalism
August 1964-U.S. Navy cooperating with South Vietnam gunboats in provocative raids along the coast of North Vietnam
Irony: LBJ painted Goldwater as a trigger-happy cowboy who would lead us into a nuclear war.
In groups of 2, you will read your assigned document(s)
If you are a 1, you will read the first selection
If you are a 2, you will read the second and third selection
In your group of 2, you will discuss the following questions and note your conversation on paper to be submitted at the end of class
1. What is the purpose for writing this document
2. Does the author support the war on poverty? How do you know? What evidence does the author cite?
3. Is it the role of the government to provide healthcare, early education, and other benefits to those in need? Why?
largest African-American minority population of any state, 5% of eligible African-Americans were registered
Law required names of prospective black registrants to be published for 2 weeks in local newspapers
Freedom Summer of 1964
June 1964-James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, Michael Schwerner killed and buried beneath an earthern dam
FBI investigated and no one was convicted at the state level, only violations of civil rights
Integrated Mississippi Freedom Democratic party denied seats at the National Democratic convention
African-Americans made up 50% of population, but only 1% of the voters
2 deaths occurred during a peaceful march to Montgomery, the state capital
LBJ said, “and we shall overcome”
Voting Rights Act of 1965
outlawed literacy tests, sent federal voter registrars into southern states
passed 100 years after the end of the Civil War
Voting Rights Act symbolized the end of the non-violent demonstrations led by MLK
Watts riot erupted 5 days after the VRA signed into law
Blacks cited police brutality as the spark
burned and looted their own neighborhoods for a week
31 African-Americans dead, 3 Caucasians
Opposition to MLK’s approach
Malcolm X(Malcolm Little)
“blue-eyed white devils”
Elijah Muhammed-separatist preaching’s
assassinated in early 1965 in NYC
guns and butter in Oakland, CA
Stokely Carmichael-former leader of SNCC
Black Power-”will smash everything Western civilization has created”
Newark, NJ 1967-25 dead
Detroit, MI 1967-43 dead
White Americans threatened retaliation
Northern riots difficult to understand
Focus on economic demands now, instead of civil rights
MLK assassinated on April 4, 1968 in Memphis, TN by James Earl Ray
125 cities experienced riots including D.C. and Baltimore
Black mayors in Gary, IN and Cleveland, OH by the late 1960’s
Dominican Republic (April 1965)
target of a Castro-like coup by “Communist conspirators”
dispatched American troops
Vietcong attacked American air base at Pleiku, S. Vietnam in February 1965
March 1965-”Operation Rolling Thunder”
184,000 troops by the end of 1965
Corrupt and collapsing Saigon governments
U.S. commitment, treaty pledges to resist communist expansion
500,000 troops by 1968
Many countries expelled American Peace Corps volunteers
Charles de Gaulle withdrew from NATO in 1966
wanted all American troops out of France
Israel attacked by Egypt, Jordan and Syria
Israel won the 6-day war June 1967
Sinai Peninsula, Golan Heights, Gaza Strip and the West Bank
William Fulbright lead hearings on Vietnam
aim of the war
cabinet members pushed out
LBJ utilized the CIA to spy on domestic antiwar activists
encouraged the FBI as well
Tet Offensive-late January 1968
LBJ suffering through agony
Military requested 200,000 more troops
Eugene McCarthy won 41.4% in the New Hampshire March primary, second to LBJ
RFK entered the 1968 race
March 31, 1968-LBJ would not run, freeze troop levels, and scale back the bombing
RFK assassinated on June 5, 1968
Chicago Riots at the Democratic convention in August of 1968
Hubert H. Humphrey won the nomination for the Democrats
Republicans nominate Richard M. Nixon
MD governor Spiro T. Agnew
3rd party-American Independent Party
George Wallace of AL
Curtis LeMay-former Air force general
bombing them back to the Stone Age
301 for Nixon-31,785,480
191 for Humphrey-31,275,166
46 for Wallace-9,906,473
1. Begin 1960’s chart
Read Chapter 38
Prepare for 5 question reading check on Wednesday